ITM semester 1

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ITM semester 1
2014-05-26 09:49:01

itm bitches
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  1. What type of graphics are there?
    Bitmap and Vector
  2. what's BITMAP?
    Graphics made up of pixels in a grid
  3. What's Vector?
    Graphics made up of lines and shapes
  4. Common bitmap formats?
    • BMP
    • GIF
    • JPEG
    • JPG
    • PNG
    • PICT (Macintosh)
    • PCX
    • TIFF
    • PSD (Adobe Photshop)
  5. Common Vector formats?
    • AI (Adobe Illustrator)
    • SWF (Flash)
    • DXF AutoCAD
  6. Lossless?
    A compression format where you don't lose quality because the quality is stored for later
  7. Lossy?
    Lossy is a compression type that you do lose quality, the quality is thrown away when you compress
  8. Lossy formats?
    JPEG images, MPEG video/sound
  9. Lossless formats?
    GIF images, lossless WMA
  10. Image resolution refers to?
    The detail an image holds. Higher resolution means more image detail
  11. Colour depth is also referred to as...?
    Bit depth
  12. What is bit depth?
    A computer graphics term describing the number of bits used to represent the colour of a single pixel in a bitmapped image.
  13. Higher colour depth does what?
    Gives a broader range of distinct colour.
  14. One bit represents?
    One pixel
  15. Each pixel has colour and tone, what effect does this have?
    The more colour and tones an image has, the greater the bit depth.
  16. What is the processor speed?
    Processor speed measures (in megahertz or gigahertz; MHz or GHz) the number of instructions per second the computer executes.
  17. What is RAM?
    • RAM stands for Random Access Memory.
    • It is made up of small memory chips that form a memory molecule. Every time a program is opened, it gets loaded from the hard drive into the RAM. Reading data from the RAM is much faster than reading date from the hard drive.
  18. Define Graphics card
    A printed circuit board that controls the output to a display screen.
  19. What is a digital camera?
    A digital camera is a camera that takes video or still photographs, or both, digitally by recording images via an electronic image sensor.
  20. What is an analog camera?
    An analog camera is one that uses film rather than some type of electronic sensor, such as a charge-coupled device (CCD) or a complementary metal oxide semiconductor chip (CMOS).
  21. What are the types of storyboards?
    • Linear
    • Non-linear
    • hierarchical
    • composite
  22. What is a linear storyboard?
    • Eg: A short film in order of sequence of events.
    • Definition:
  23. Define ergonomics
    Scientific discipline concerned with the understandings, designing and arranging of things so that people can use them safely and easily.
  24. List some elements
    • Line
    • Shape
    • Size
    • Colour
    • Texture 
    • Value
  25. List some principles
    • Harmony
    • Repetition
    • Unity
    • Balance
    • Variety
    • Contrast
  26. What is a non-linear storyboard?
    • Eg: Websites 
    • A non-linear storyboard has no particular structure; the user moves between different sections in any direction.
  27. What is a hierarchical storyboard?
    A hierarchical layout is used to define a series of levels and sub levels. This approach is referred to as top down design.
  28. What is a composite storyboard?
    • Eg: Games
    • A combination of the other storyboards
  29. What is storage?
    a technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data.
  30. What is the motherboard?
    The motherboard is the main circuit board of your computer and is also known as the mainboard or logic board. Each motherboard has a collection of chips and controllers known as the chipset.
  31. Different screen types:
    LCD screen, plasma, rear projection, Digital Light Processing (DLP)
  32. Define sound cards
    a device which can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of audio components for multimedia applications.
  33. Define keyboard
    a panel of keys that operate a computer or typewritter
  34. Define mouse
    A small handheld device which is moved across a mat or flat surface to move the cursor on a computer screen.
  35. List input devices
    • Keyboards
    • mouse
    • joystick
    • game controller
    • graphics tablet
    • microphone
    • scanners
  36. List output devices
    • Screens
    • printers
    • projectors
  37. Internal and external storage devices
    • USB
    • compact disc
    • digital video disc
    • hard drives
  38. List aspects of design
    • functionality
    • aesthetics
    • factors determining appropriateness of design: -economics
    • environment
    • manufacturing techniques
    • sustainability
    • decoration
    • anthropometrics and ergonomics

    • material suitability
    • selection
  39. WHS stands for and list things
    • Work Health and safety
    • signage
    • WHS principles and requirements
    • personal protective equipment
    • safe working practices
    • first aid
    • materials handling
  40. Define output devices
    (output device) electronic or electromechanical equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds, or other media
  41. Define input devices
    (input device) data input device: a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device
  42. What is authoring?
    Authoring is the process of combining materials such as video, graphics, sound, animation, documents, and files into a format suitable for viewing on the appropriate device. Such devices include DVD players, computers, and the internet.
  43. Appropriate software for publishing?
    • disk- Macromedia director
    • internet- dreamweaver, microsoft front page
    • video/film- adobe photoshop
    • paper- MS word