Pre-Ap English 10 Vocabulary

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Pre-Ap English 10 Vocabulary
2014-05-21 18:58:12
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  1. Estrange
    verb Cause (someone) to be no longer close or affectionate to someone; alienate
  2. Extol
    verb Praise enthusiastically.
  3. Farce
    noun An absurd event.
  4. Fiasco
    noun A thing that is a complete failure, especially in a ludicrous or humiliating way.
  5. Foray
    noun A sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something; a raid.
  6. Gauche
    adjective Lacking ease or grace; unsophisticated and socially awkward.
  7. Impel
    verb Drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.
  8. Impetus
    noun The force that makes something happen or happen more quickly.
  9. Inimitable
    adjective so good or unusual as to be impossible to copy; unique.
  10. Unsavory
    adjective Disagreeable to taste, smell, or look at.Disagreeable and unpleasant because morally disreputable.
  11. Pensive
    adjective Engaged in, involving, or reflecting deep or serious thought.
  12. Diligently
    Constant in effort to accomplish something; attentive and persistent in doing anything.
  13. Parry
    verb Ward off (a weapon or attack), especially with a countermove.
  14. Gallant
    adj (of a man or his behavior) giving special attention and respect to women; chivalrous.
  15. Nullify
    verb make legally null and void; invalidate.
  16. Respite
    noun A short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.
  17. Lurid
    adjective Very vivid in color, especially so as to create an unpleasantly harsh or unnatural effect.
  18. Adversary
    noun One's opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.
  19. Burgeoning
    verb Begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
  20. Furtive
    adjective Attempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; secretive.
  21. Elucidate
    verb Make (something) clear; explain.
  22. Lucent
    adjective Literaryglowing with or giving off light.
  23. Lucid
    adjective Expressed clearly; easy to understand.
  24. Lucubration
    noun Formalstudy; meditation.
  25. Phosphorescent
  26. Photogenic
    adjective (especially of a person) looking attractive in photographs or on film.
  27. Photograph
    noun A picture made using a camera, in which an image is focused onto film or other light-sensitive material and then made visible and permanent by chemical treatment, or stored digitally.
  28. Photosensitive
    adjective Having a chemical, electrical, or other response to light.
  29. Photosynthesis
    noun The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
  30. Translucent
    adjective (of a substance) allowing light, but not detailed images, to pass through; semitransparent.
  31. Parch
    verb Make or become dry through intense heat.
  32. Mollify
    verb Appease the anger or anxiety of (someone).
  33. Poignant
    adjective Evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret.
  34. Gullible
    adjective Easily persuaded to believe something; credulous.
  35. Writhe
    verb Make continual twisting, squirming movements or contortions of the body.
  36. Pernicious
    adjective Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
  37. Deftly
    adjective Neatly skillful and quick in one's movements.
  38. Copiously
    adjective Abundant in supply or quantity.
  39. Solicitous
    adjective Characterized by or showing interest or concern.
  40. Steadfastly
    adjectivere Solutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.
  41. Besiege
    verb Overwhelm.
  42. Solicitous
    Adj Showing care or concern.
  43. Enigma
    noun Riddle or puzzle.
  44. Reproached
    verb Accused, shamed.
  45. Cognizance
    noun Perception, apprehension, the judical  hearing of a matter.
  46. Sagacity
    noun Wisdom.
  47. Changeling
    noun An infant secretly changed at birth.
  48. Parricide
    noun One who murders his father, mother, or close relation; tha act of killing one's kin.
  49. Pristine
    adj Pure
  50. Vexed
    verb Worried, troubled, annoyed.
  51. Lamentation
    noun The act of lamenting (mourning) or expressing grief.
  52. Supplication
    noun Humble prayer, entreaty, or petition.
  53. Brigand
    noun A bandit.
  54. Pestilence
    noun A deadly or virulent epidemic disease; something that is considered harmful, destructive, or evil.
  55. Quell
    verb To surpess; put an end to; to quiet; to quiet.
  56. Purge
    verb To rid of what is impure or undesirable.
  57. Despondent
    adj Feeling or showing profound homelessness, dejection, discouragement, or gloom.
  58. Prophet
    noun A person who speaks for God or a diety by divine inspiration.
  59. Impudence
    noun Having shameless or brazenly immodest behavior.
  60. Exipate
    verb To atone for; make amends or reparation for.
  61. Commerate
    verb Recall and show respect for (someone or something) in a ceremony.
  62. Immemorial
    adjective Before written word;originating in the distant past; very old.
  63. Memoir
    noun A historical account or biography written from personal knowledge or special sources.
  64. Memorabilia
    noun Objects kept or collected because of their historical interest, especially those associated with memorable people or events.
  65. Memorandum
    noun A written message, especially in business or diplomacy.
  66. Retroactive
    adjective (especially of legislation) taking effect from a date in the past.
  67. Retrograde
    noun Backwards motion.
  68. Retrogress
    verb Go back to an earlier state, typically a worse one.
  69. Retrospective
    adjective Looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.
  70. Retrofit
    verb Add (a component or accessory) to something that did not have it when manufactured.
  71. Abstemious
    adjective Not self-indulgent, especially when eating and drinking.
  72. Muse
    noun To consider thoughtfully.
  73. Dissemble
    verb Conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs.
  74. Sequester
    verb Isolate or hide away (someone or something).
  75. Listless
    adjective (of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm.
  76. Raze
    verb Completely destroy (a building, town, or other site).
  77. Acrimonious
    adjective (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter.
  78. Immutable
    adjective Unchanging over time or unable to be changed.
  79. Negate
    verb Nullify; make ineffective.
  80. Garrulous
    adjective Excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.
  81. Adamant
    adjective Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind.
  82. Cajole
    verb Persuade someone to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.
  83. Complacent
    adjective Showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.
  84. Despondent
    adjective In low spirits from loss of hope or courage.
  85. Emulate
    verb Match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation.
  86. Hamper
    verb Restrict free movement.
  87. Pertinent
    adjective Relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite.
  88. Reciprocate
    verb Respond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.
  89. Scintillating
    adjective Sparkling or shining brightly.
  90. Supplant
    verb Supersede and replace.
  91. Demagogue
    noun A political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument.
  92. Demographic
    adjective Relating to the structure of populations.
  93. Duress
    noun Threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment.
  94. Endemic
    adj Native or restricted to a certain country or area.
  95. Endurance
    noun The fact or power of enduring an unpleasant or difficult process or situation without giving way."she was cl
  96. Epidemic
    noun An outbreak of disease that spreads widely and easily.
  97. Obdurate
    adj Hardened in wickedness; stubbornly evil.
  98. Pandemic
    adj Widespread, common, general in scope.
  99. Penance
    noun Voluntary act that show guilt.
  100. Penitent
    adj Feeling regretful over wrong doing.
  101. Lavish
    Shower, donate, give
  102. Methodical
    Detail oreinted, orderly, precise,
  103. Venture
    Oppurtunity, business deal, scam, and gamble.
  104. Unkempt
    Sloppy, messy, dirty, and untidy.
  105. Torpor
    Sluggish, lazy, apathy, and lathargy.
  106. Smirk
    Smile, grin, and sneer.
  107. Reproach
    Blame. rebuke, critize, and disapproval of.
  108. Paltry
  109. Mundane
    Boring, same old.
  110. Notoriety
    Fame, celebrity, and renound.
  111. Saunter
    to stroll
  112. Muse
    To daydream
  113. Egregious
    Standing out in a bad way.
  114. Gregarious
  115. Stoic
    A person indifferent to emotions.
  116. Tawdry
    Cheap and showy in appearance.
  117. Kindle
    To start or bring to life.
  118. Predominance
    Holding the most power, having the greatest power.
  119. Constraint
    Restriction; use of force to restirct.
  120. Obstreperous
    Loudly defiant,
  121. Surfeited
  122. Depravity
  123. Quandary
    Predicament; state of uncertainty or confusion.
  124. Avarice
  125. Fecund
  126. Blighted
  127. Megalomania
    Extreme desire for power.
  128. Territorial
    Defensive about ones' space
  129. Terrarium
    Closed container for keeping plants and small animals.
  130. Inter
    To bury a body in the ground.
  131. Terrace
    Patio or other outdoor space.
  132. Terrestrial
    Relating to Earth.
  133. Lunacy
  134. Sublunary
    Situated beneath the moon.
  135. Lunatic
    Insane person.
  136. Astral
    Relating to the stars.
  137. Astronomer
    Scientist who studies space.