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Definition of lead
to show or mark the way - to guide the course
Definition of manage
to plan, organize, and control organization
A good leader will
- Focus on what needs to be done
- Develop an action plan
- Listen before speaking
- Run a productive meeting
- Use "we" instead of "I"
- Take responsiblitlty for their decisions
- Focus on opportunities not problems
Old leadership theories
- Great Man
Modern leadership theories
Great Man theory
- Born to lead
- Cannot learn to be a great leader
- Heroic or mythic
- Ex: Martin luther King, Hitler
- No 1 leadership is best
- Environment will determine best style of leadership
- Success is dependent on leader, followers, and situation
Situational Leadership Theory
- No single style is better than another
- Successful leaders will adapt
- Style is adapted to maturity of group
- People work best under chain of command
- Workers motivated through punishment and rewards
- Followers closely monitored
- Worker primary motivation is to obey leader
- Leaders inspire creativity
- Open communication
- Share clear vision of future with followers
- Leader is a role model and is respected
- Similar to great man
- Leader possess trait to be great
- Traits are behavior or personality characteristics
- Energy Affection
- Drive Honesty
- Enthusiasm Fairness
- Ambition Loyalty
- Aggressiveness Dependability
- Friendliness Teaching skills
- Decisiveness Self assurance
- Self-confidence Technical mastery
Autocratic leadership styles
- strong control
- gives orders
- does decision-making
- fosters dependency
Democratic leadership styles
- less control
- offers suggestions
- makes suggestions
- group does planning
- fosters independence
Laissez-Faire leadership styles
- No control
- abdicates decision making
- no planning
- fosters chaos
Classical Management theory
- Managing workers and organizations efficiently
- Fails to recognize human element
Behavioral Management theory
- Basing management on human behavior
- Studies psychological, sociological, and anthropological aspects of behavior
Quantitative management theory
Uses math and statistics to increase quality
Systems school management theory
A system for transforming input to output while in constant interaction with environment
Contingency Management theory
Basing actions on the unique characteristics of each situation
The other side of leadership involves...
- All great leaders need followers
- Being a great leader is an important role
- Even leaders need to understand good followership
- Teamwork depends on effective followership
Percentage of leaders
Percentage of followers...
Leaders + Followers =
What makes an effective follower?
- View themselves as equal to the leader
- Work for the common good
- Considered to be enthusiastic, intelligent, ambitious, self reliant
What makes an ineffective follower?
- Have a limited worldview
- Mainly consider their own needs
What is a sheep follower?
- Require external motivation
- Lack commitment
- Require constant supervision
What is a conformist follower?
- Feel compelled to always please the leader
What is an alienated follower?
- Tend to snipe at leaders to sabotage their work
- View themselves as the righteous leader
What is a pragmatic follower?
- Are not trail-brazers
- Will stay hidden in the background
What is a star follower?
- Can succeed without leadership
- Positive, active and independent thinkers
High to low critical thinking followers
- Alienated and effective followers
- Sheep and yes people
High to low participative followers
- Yes People and Effective followers
- Sheep and alienated followers
Guidelines to follow when you disagree with leader
- #1 Discuss disagreements privately
- Do not approach the leader during deadlines or a crisis
- Present the situationa s a joint problem
- Bring potential solutions to the meeting
- Take the leader's point of view into consideration when brainstorming ideas
- *Do not approach leader when you are angry*
What is abuse and neglect?
Any knowing, intentional, or negligent act by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult
Types of abuse
What percent of US citizens have experienced family violence?
Definition of family violence
the intentional, intimidation, abuse, or neglect of children, adults or elders by a family member, intimate partner or caretaker in order to gain power and control over the victim
What are the 3 races that are most likely to experience abuse?
- African Americans
- American Indian
- Multiple Race households
80%b of child abuse...
is done by the child's parents
A lower socioeconomic status correlates to...
an increase in risk for abuse
90% of elder abuse...
is perpetrated by relatives
The nursing role for abuse and neglect?
- 1. screen on admission
- 2. report abuse
- 3. provide support
Screen on admission question?
Do you feel safe at home?
Rules about reporting abuse
Legally obligated to report any abuse suspected
Who monitors and defines abuse and neglect
Arizona attorney general
Who to call for adult abuse
Adult protective services (aps)
Who to call for child abuse
Child protective services (cps)
Steps that occur when a nurse is a accused
- 1. Report sent to AZ board of nursing to investigate
- 2. Nurse removed from floor until investigation is over
- 3. Remaining staff should never go in room alone