NCLEX: Antihistamines

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NCLEX: Antihistamines
2010-07-21 01:48:32
NCLEX Antihistamine Medications

Need to know NCLEX 2010 Medications Antihistamines
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  1. List the most common side effect(s) associated with cetirizine HCL (Zyrtec)?
    • Drowsiness
    • Fatigue
    • Dry mouth
  2. What is cetirizine HCL (Zyrtec) used for?
    • Relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms
    • Relief of perennial allergic rhinitis caused by molds, animal dander, and other allergens.
  3. The nurse should inform a client using cetirizine HCL (Zyrtec) to avoid _____?
  4. Cetirizine HCL (Zyrtec) is a pregnancy category ______?
  5. List the most common side effect(s) associated with taking fexofenadine (Allegra).
  6. Clients should avoid using _______ during fexofenadine (Allegra) therapy.
    alcohol or other CNS depressants
  7. A 36 year old male is seen in the clinic complaining of itchy watery eyes, urticaria (hives), pruritus, and an itchy runny nose following exposure to fireweed. The doctor prescribes 180 mg fexofenadine (Allegra). How often should this client take his medications?
    once a day
  8. An 18 year old female has just returned to the Medical Surgical unit following an appendectomy. While in the PACU she received 50 mg of hydroxyzine (Vistaril), the nurse notices marked drowsiness. What should the nurse do?
    Nothing, this is a normal and expected side effect.
  9. What is hydroxyzine used for?
    • Treatment of pruritis
    • Pre-op anxiety
    • Post-op N/V
    • Potentiate opioid analgesics
    • Sedation
  10. What shoud patient teaching for hydroxyzine (Vistaril) include?
    • Avoid the use of alcohol and other CNS depressants
    • Drowsiness and dizziness may occur
  11. What are the nursing considerations for loratadine (Claritin)?
    • Management of seasonal rhinitis
    • Avoid alcohol and other CNS depressants
  12. When should loratadine (Claritin) be taken?
    1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal; food delays absorption.