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What are the eight steps for setting up an oxygen cylinder and regulator?
Confirm medical grade oxygen
Clear dust or debris from opening
Place a new O-ring
Secure the regulator to the valve stem
Open the valve two full turns
Read the pressure gauge
Attach tubing and adjust to desired flow
Place deliver device on patient
What are the two ways used to determine whether oxygen is medical grade?
cylinder will be green
pin index groupings will line up
How do you clear dust/debris from the opening?
Open the valve until gas is heard and then immediately close
Where is a new O-ring placed?
On the cylinder or regulator
When do O-rings need to be replaced?
after every use
What are three causes for a leaking cylinder?
improperly seated O-ring
dust/debris in the opening
poor connection between regulator pins and cylinder
At what pressure do you NOT put a cylinder in service?
At what pressure do you take a cylinder out of service if it is in use?
What is the pressure of a full oxygen cylinder?
At what pressure should portable cylinders be changed?
between 500 and 1000 psi
Why should an oxygen cylinder never be allowed to go below 200 psi while in use?
cannot deliver appropriate flow and will empty in minutes
What should be done after turning off the valve and before removing the regulator?
bleed the system
What should be done after the cylinder is taken out of service?
pressure should be logged or label with remaining pressure affixed to cylinder
Should cylinders with allowed to stand upright?
only if secured
What is the appropriate flow rate for nasal cannula? What is the oxygen percentage range?
2 - 6 lpm
24 - 44%
What is the appropriate flow rate for a simple face mask? What is the oxygen percentage range?
8 - 10 lpm
up to 60%
What is the appropriate flow rate for a non-rebreather mask? What is the oxygen percentage range?
12 - 15 lpm
80 - 90%
What is the appropriate flow rate for administering blow-by oxygen? What is the oxygen percentage range?
30 - 40%