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What are the preparation steps for applying a splint?
- Assess scene safety
- Evaluate additional BSI needs
- Determine if patient sustained a possible spinal injury - institute spinal immobilization if needed
- Stabilize and expose the injured extremity
- Cover wound and secure in place if needed
- Determine if splint should be applied - rapid transport if patient is critical
- Select proper splint
- Prepare and pad the splint
What is CSM?
What are the procedures for applying a splint?
- Support the fracture site and maintain manual immobilization - insert a roller bandage into the palm
- Lift the extremity
- Slide the splint under
- Lower the extremity to the splint
- Secure the splint
- Reassess CSM
Where should a fracture be immobilized?
above and below the fracture
Where should a joint injury be immobilized?
the bones above and below the joint
What two things should be considered if swelling is present?
- remove jewelry
- consider ice packs
For upper extremities, ____ slightly above the heart. For lower extremities, ____ approximately 6" to minimize swelling.
Be sure to place, ____ inside the splint to eliminate spaces.
There are two instances when you splint in the position found:
- resistance or extreme pain
What are the indications for a sling and swathe?
fracture of humerus and/or clavicle
What are the four steps in preparing a sling and swathe?
- Explain procedure to patient
- Instruct patient to support arm
What should be done about the knot around the patient's neck?
What should be done after application of the sling and swathe?