Bio A and P 1 First (Terminology and Histology) 52214

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  1. Apical Surface
    the layer of plasma membrane on the apical side (the side toward the lumen) of the epithelial cells in a body tube or cavity
  2. Basal surface
    The bottom edge of the epithelial tissue abuts the basement membrane; this bottom edge
  3. Fibroblasts
    A fibroblast is a type of cell that synthesizes the extracellular matrix and collagen, the structural framework (stroma) for animal tissues, and plays a critical role in wound healing. Fibroblasts are the most common cells of connective tissue in animals
  4. Collagen fibers
    The fibrous protein constituent of bone, cartilage, tendon, and other connective tissue
  5. Elastic fibers
    are bundles of proteins (elastin) found in extracellular matrix[1] of connective tissue and produced by fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells in arteries.
  6. Reticular Fibers
    is a type of fiber in connective tissue[1] composed of type III collagen secreted by reticular cells.[2] Reticular fibers crosslink to form a fine meshwork (reticulin). This network acts as a supporting mesh in soft tissues such as liver,
  7. Adipose tissue
    is loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes
  8. Areolar (loose) connective tissue
    Is a loos connective tissue that consists of a meshwork of collagen, elastic tissue and reticular fibers.
  9. Reticular connective tissue
    is a type of connective tissue.[1] It has a network of reticular fibers, made of type III collagen.
  10. Dense regular connective tissue
    has fibers as its main matrix element.[1]Dense connective tissue is mainly composed of collagen type I. Crowded between the collagen fibers are rows of fibroblasts, fiber-forming cells, that manufacture the fibers.
  11. Dense irregular connective tissue
    • has fibers that are not arranged in parallel bundles as in dense regular connective tissue.
    • This tissue comprises a large portion of the dermis.[1] This type of tissue is also in the protective white layer of the eyeball and in the deeper skin layers.
  12. Chondrocytes
    are the only cells found in healthy cartilage. They produce and maintain the cartilaginous matrix, which consists mainly of collagen and proteoglycans.
  13. Lacunae
    One of the numerous minute cavities in the substance of bone, supposed to contain nucleate cells.
  14. Osteocytes
    An osteocyte, a star-shaped cell, is the most commonly found cell in mature bone
  15. Lacunae
    One of the numerous minute cavities in the substance of bone, supposed to contain nucleate cells.
  16. Plasma
    the yellow-colored liquid component of blood, in which blood cells are suspended
  17. Erythrocytes
    Red blood cell
  18. Leukocytes
    White blood cells
  19. Acromial
    • Shoulder bone (tip knott)
    • Highest point of the shoulder
    • Bony process of the scapula.
  20. Antebrachial
    the area of the upper limb between elbow and hand
  21. Buccal
  22. Calcaneal
    Heel Bone
  23. Carpal
    is the anatomical assembly connecting the hand to forearm.
  24. Cephalic
  25. Cervical
  26. Coxal
    Tail bone
  27. Crural
  28. Dorsum
  29. Fibular
    • The smaller bone in the leg.
    • Most lateral
  30. Frontal bone
    Forehad bone
  31. Gluteal
  32. Hallux
    Big toe
  33. Inguinal
    Hip area
  34. Lumbar
    Low back
  35. Mammary
  36. Manus
  37. Mental
  38. Nasal
  39. Occipital
    Back of head
  40. Olecranal
  41. Oral
  42. Orbital
  43. Otic
  44. Palmar
  45. Petellar
    • Knee cap
    • Pectoral
  46. Pedal
  47. Pelvic
  48. Perineal
    • Taint
    • Area between genitalia and anus
  49. Plantar
    Sole of the foot
  50. Pollex
  51. Popliteal
    Behind the knee
  52. Sacral
    Tail bone above coccyx
  53. Scapular
    Shoulder blade area
  54. Sternal
    Middle of chest
  55. Sural
    Calf (back of leg)
  56. Tarsal
    Ankle bones
  57. Thoracic
  58. Umbilical
    Navel region
  59. Sagittal plane
    Plane that cuts the body into left and right
  60. Midsagittal plane
    Middle of the body
  61. Parasagittal plane.
    Sagital just not in the middle
  62. Frontal (Coronal) plane
    Cuts body into posterior and anterior sides
  63. Transverse plane
    Cuts body into superior and inferior
  64. The Planes
    • Sagittal
    • Frontal
    • Transverse
  65. The body cavities.
    • Dorsal
    • Cranial
  66. Dorsal body cavity
    • Cranial cavity
    • Vertebral cavity
  67. Cranial cavity contains?
    The brain
  68. Vertebral body cavity contains?
    The spinal cord
  69. Ventral cavity has what other cavities?
    • THoracic
    • Abdominopelvic
  70. Thoracic cavity contains?
    • Heart
    • liver
    • lungs
  71. Abdominopelvic cavity contains what cavities
    Abdominal and pevic
  72. Abdominal cavity
    • Large and small intestine
    • Spleen
    • Colon
    • stomach
    • pancrease
    • gall bladder
  73. Pelvic cavity
    • Bladder
    • Genetalia
  74. Region of abdomen.
    • Right/ right hypochondriac
    • Epigastric
    • Left and right lumbar
    • Umbilical region
    • Left and right iliac region
    • Hypogastric region.
  75. Serous membranes is?
    is a smooth membrane consisting of a thin layer of cells which secrete serous fluid, and an underlying thin epithelial layer
  76. What is the Serosa?
    Same as a Serous membrane
  77. What is Serous fluid?
    The fluid between the layers of the serous membrane
  78. What is the Parietal serosa level?
    The outer layer of the serous membrane
  79. What is the Visceral Serosa?
    The inner layer of the serous membrane that is covering the organ
  80. Intagumentary
  81. Endocrine system
    Glands that secrete hormones
  82. Levels of organization
    • Chemical
    • cell
    • tissue
    • organ
    • system
    • organism
Card Set:
Bio A and P 1 First (Terminology and Histology) 52214
2014-05-23 15:40:11
Anatomy and physiology 1
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