RICA Teaching Strategies by Area of Need
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Ways to teach Phonemic Awareness
phoneme counting, segmenting, blending, Elkonin boxes, tapping out sounds on your arm
Ways to teach Letter Recognition
Letter sequencing, letter matching (upper to lower case), use a letter arc, letter matching (like the card game Concentration), Letter Bingo
Ways to teach Alphabetic Principle
Elkonin boxes with letter cards, use nonsense words to practice with various word patterns (CVC, CVVC, etc.)
Ways to teach Concepts about Print
Explicit teaching of concepts about print, labeling, environmental print, read alouds, shared book experience
Letter Arc activity
Provide students with the alphabet in uppercase along an arc and then have them match the corresponding letter in lowercase by drawing a line from the letter on the arc to its match below.
Ways to teach Sight Words
sight word flashcard games (Concentration, Go Fish), sight word search, art with sight words, sentence building, exit ticket
Ways to teach Structural Analysis
graphic organizers, word web ("re" as in again and have them create words using this in connected bubbles)
Ways to teach Syllabic Analysis
syllable sorts (closed, open, r-controlled), word sorts to show the orthographic patterns
Strategies to teach Vocabulary
context clues, apposition, word structure analysis
Contextual strategies that can be used to teach students how to find meaning
highlight synonyms/antonyms and multiple meanings, used Opin sentences
a fill-in-the-blank sentence
the sentence contains the meaning of the word often set apart by a comma and typically found in informational texts
WORD CONCEPT MAP (similar to word web but would refer to meaning rather than structure and include antonyms, synonyms, examples),SENTENCE STEMS, WORDS ALIVE
After introducing new words, each student is assigned a word to draw the word in a way that represents the meaning of the word. Then students share their drawing to the class. Then words are pasted around the room for further reference.
Visualize and draw a picture, predict, ask clarifying questions, make connections, summarize
What is QAR
Question and Answer Relationship, a researched based comprehension strategy.
Why use QAR?
improves comprehension, teaches students how to ask questions and where to find the answers within the text, helps students think about the text they are reading, promotes creative and higher-level thinking
What are the four types of questions in QAR?
Right there, Think and search, Author and Me, On My Own
What is a Right There question?
Literal questions whose answers can be found in the text. Often the words used in the question are the same words found in the text.
What is a Think and Search question?
Answers are gathered from several parts of the text and put together to make meaning.
What is an Author and You question?
These questions are based on information provided in the text but the student is required to relate it to their own experience. Although the answer does not lie directly in the text, the student must have read it in order to answer the question.
What is an One My Own question?
These questions do not require the student to have read the passage but he/she must use their background or prior knowledge to answer the question.
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