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What are the three parts of a split console and what do they do?
Input/Channel section: adjusts level of signal being sent to recorder.
Output/Monitor section: Let's you listen back to what is on the recorder.
Center/Master section: Controls the overall level of the mix so that you can send it to a master recorder.
What is an inline console?
Same as split console, but in one module instead of 2.
what is a bus?
A circuit that lets signals go to another destination.
What do direct outputs do?
Allow a channel to be constantly wired to a location.
Outputs are also known as...
The main mix coming out of your console is known as...
Stereo-bus, 2-Mix, Program
The first number of console numbers (ex. 32x24x2) represents...
- # of inputs
- # of bus or group outputs
- # of program outputs
What is a fader?
A level (amplitude) control. Faders are variable resisters
_______ controls a larger level while _______ controls a smaller level increment.
The fader level does not affect the level at which the audio signal is sent.
The fader level does affect the level at which the audio signal is sent.
What does a mute do?
Stops the flow of audio
What does a pan do?
Adjusts the amount of voltage (signal) that is going to a specific output
What is a patch point?
place where the ﬂow goes through a patch bay (jack ﬁeld)
Normalled vs. half normalled patch bay.
Normalled: signals connect without using a patch cable. Also, a signal will still go to its wired destination if a patch is made to another device.
Half-normalled: is the same except that the signal path is broken once a patch is made to another device.
What does solo do?
isolates signals in the audio monitors without muting the multitrack or stereo outputs
What is the difference between PFL, AFL, and IPL in solo systems?
- PFL and AFL are mono systems.
- IPL is a multi-channel (stereo+) system
What does PFL mean and do in solo systems?
What does AFL mean and do?
What does IPL mean and do?
stands for Pre Fader Listen meaning the signal is checked before the fader and usually before any processing (EQ or Insert Point).
stands for After Fader Listen meaning the signal is checked after the fader and after any processing.
means In Place Listen. The signal is heard “in its place” in the stereo (or multi-channel) mix. IPL is checked after the pan pot.
What does talkback do?
Allows engineer/producer to talk to musicians through headphones or monitors.
What does automation do?
Gives computer control over changes in fader and mute switch position
What is SMPTE?
A time code in automation that provides a positional reference for what point in time the song is in.
What are the three modes in automation and what they do?
Write: the console computer links control voltage changes from the fader with the time code address and converts to data for storage on the PC computer.
Read: the PC plays back the data in sync with the time code, the console computer converts the data to control voltage and sends it to the VCA.
Update: a combination of Read and Write. The Read data is sent back through the fader with changes being send back through the console computer to the PC
What are the limitations of analog consoles?
Control Surface (DAWs)?
Automations limited to fader and mute.
Analog audio path with digital controls (faders, pots and switches).
Full automation. May have limited DSP controls & I/O. Most have limited or no microphone preamps and talkback.