Chapter 15: The New Immigrants, p.460-465
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Why did so many EUROPEANS want to immigrate to America?
- -Many Europeans left to escape religious persecution
- -Rising population and because many young European men and women sought independent lives in America because they were influenced by political movements at home.
Why did so many CHINESE want to immigrate to America?
- -Were lured by the promise of a better life.
- -Sought to escape difficult conditions- such as famine, land shortages, or religious or political persecution
The textbook does a BEAUTIFUL job of glossing over why Chinese immigrants went down after 1882. But YOU know the truth. WHY DID Chinese immigration decline after 1882?
The Chinese immigration declined after 1882 because of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Why did so many JAPANESE want to immigrate to America?
- -Wages were higher
- -Hawaiian planters began to recruit Japanese workers
- -When Hawaii becomes a state the Japanese are still coming
The book says that Japanese immigration peaked in 1907-use the timeline on the back of the guide to explain why Japanese immigration PEAKED (reached its height before declining again) at that time.
San Francisco passed a law that reverses President Roosevelt's "Gentlemen's Agreement" and allows Japanese into the public schools
Why did people in the West Indies and Mexico want to immigrate to America?
- -Because jobs were scarce and the industrial boom in the United States seemed to promise work for everyone
- -Mexicans left to find work, as well as to flee political turmoil
Now look at your answers from #s 1-2,4 and 6. Summarize the reasons that people wanted to immigrate to America in the early 1900s. (You should be able to give 7 answers.)
- -For work
- -To escape difficult conditions
- -To gain independent lives
- -To escape religious and political persecution
- -The promise of a better life
- -Gold, higher wages, rising population/shortage of land
What were challenges that immigrants faced in gaining admission to the United States?
- -Had to travel by steamships.
- -The trip took approximately one week
- -The cheapest accommodation was in a ship's cargo hold, the steerage
- -Rarely allowed on deck, immigrants were crowded together in the gloom, unable to exercise or catch a breath of fresh air.
- -They often had to sleep in louse- infested bunks and share toilets with many other passengers.
- -Under these conditions, disease spread quickly, and some immigrants died before they reached their destination.
What where 3 problems immigrants faced once they made it through the immigration process?
- -Had to pass a physical examination by a doctor
- -Anyone with a serious health problem or a contagious disease, such as tuberculosis, were promptly sent home. The inspector checked documents and questioned immigrants to determine whether they met the legal standards for entering the United States.
What is "nativism"?
Overt favoritism to native-born Americans. This gave rise to anti-immigrant groups and led to a demand on immigrant restriction
What was the difference between "good" immigrants and "bad" immigrants according to Nativists?
- Anglo-Saxons- the Germanic ancestors of the English- were superior to other ethnic groups. the "good" immigrants were the British, German, and Scandinavian stock, historically free, energetic, progressive.
- The "bad" immigrants were the Slav, Latin, and Asiatic races, historically down-trodden... and stagnant.
When were the Chinese people allowed to immigrate to the United States again? Do the math: how many years were they excluded from entry into the United States?
They were allowed to come back in 1943. They were excluded from gaining entry into the United States for 61 years
Explain the "Gentlemen's Agreement."
Is an agreement that states Have to restrict the amount of Japanese workers into the Untied States. Japan will limit immigration in exchange for Japanese-Americans to be integrated into white schools.
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