Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Two

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Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Two
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Chapter 2 - MED1010 - Pearson Medical Terminology Complete
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  1. -al
    pertaining to
  2. -ic
    pertaining to
  3. -itis
    inflammation
  4. -logy
    study or science of
  5. -meter
    measure, measuring instrument
  6. -ous
    pertaining to
  7. -pathy
    disease
  8. -scope
    instrument used for viewing
  9. -scopy
    process of viewing
  10. ab/norm/al = abnormal
    pertaining to being away from the norm
  11. hypo/derm/ic = hypodermic
    pertaining to below the skin
  12. fibr/ous = fibrous
    pertaining to fiber
  13. intra/derm/al = intradermal
    pertaining to within the skin
  14. lapar/o/scope = laparoscope
    instrument for viewing the in the abdomen
  15. insrument that measures temperature
    thermometer
  16. therm/o
    temperature
  17. -drome
    run, running
  18. syn-
    together
  19. syn/drome = syndrome
    running together
  20. hemat/o
    blood
  21. -emesis
    vomiting
  22. hemat/emesis = hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  23. -malacia
    softening
  24. cardi/o/malacia = cardiomalacia
    softening of the heart
  25. bi/opsy = biopsy
    view of life
  26. hyp/oxia = hypoxia
    condition of below normal oxygen in the blood
  27. -opsy
    view of
  28. -phagia
    eating, swallowing, ingesting
  29. dys-
    painful, difficult, bad, defective
  30. dys/phagia = dysphagia
    painful or difficult eating or swallowing
  31. -phasia
    speaking
  32. a-
    without or absence of
  33. a/phasia
    without or the absence of speaking
  34. -physis
    growth
  35. hypo/physis = hypophysis
    growth below
  36. -plegia
    paralysis
  37. quadri-
    four
  38. quadri/plegia = quadriplegia
    paralysis in four limbs
  39. -oma
    tumor
  40. oste/oma = osteoma
    bone tumor
  41. -stasis
    standing still
  42. a group of symptoms that together are characteristic or indicative of a specific disorder, condition, or disease
    syndrome
  43. the removal and examination (or view) of tissue
    biopsy
  44. a condition of uncontrolled blood loss
    hemophilia
  45. a difficulty in swallowing
    dysphagia
  46. the tendency of on organism or system to maintin internal stability
    homeostasis
  47. -algia
    condition of pain
  48. -asthenia
    weakness
  49. my/o
    muscle
  50. my/asthenia = myasthenia
    weakness of muscle
  51. -atresia
    closure or absence of a noraml body opening
  52. hyster/atresia
    the absence of the uterine cavity
  53. -cele
    hernia, protrusion, or swelling
  54. -dynia
    condition of pain
  55. ten/o/dynia
    condition of pain in a stretched tendon
  56. ten/o
    stretched tendon
  57. aden/o
    gland
  58. -osis
    abnormal condition of
  59. aden/osis = adenosis
    abnormal condition of a gland
  60. embol/ism = embolism
    condition of a vein blocked by an embolus or clot
  61. embol/o
    embolus or clot
  62. aden/o/pathy
    disease of a gland
  63. -penia
    deficiency or abnormal reduction in number
  64. calci/o
    calcium
  65. calcipenia
    deficiency of calcium
  66. -phobia
    abnormal fear or sensitivity
  67. hydr/o
    water
  68. hydr/o/phobia = hydrophobia
    abnormal fear or sensitivity of water
  69. -plasia
    formation or growth
  70. neo/plasia = neoplasia
    new formation or growth
  71. -rrhagia
    abnormal discharge
  72. rhin/o/rrhagia = rhinorrhagia
    abnormal discharge of the nose
  73. -rrhea
    discharge
  74. seb/o/rrhea
    discharge from the sebaceous glands
  75. -rrhexis
    rupture
  76. amni/o/rrhexis
    rupture of the amnion
  77. arteri/o/sclerosis
    condition of hardening of the arteries
  78. -spasm
    sudden involuntary muscle contraction
  79. bronch/o
    airway
  80. bronch/o/spasm
    sudden involuntary contraction of an airway
  81. a nosebleed
    rhinorrhea
  82. pain in a tendon
    tenodynia
  83. rupture of the amnion
    amniorrhexis
  84. a tumor of fat tissue
    lipoma
  85. an abnormal reduction of calcium in the tissues and fluids of the body
    calcipenia
  86. a nervous condition in which a person has no appetite
    anorexia
  87. orex/e
    appetite
  88. an/orex/ia
    condition of absense of appetite
  89. debility or weakness of muscle
    myasthenia
  90. hernia or swelling of the meninges of the brain or spinal column that protrudes through a hole in the skull or spinal column
    meningocele
  91. -ad
    toward
  92. cephal/ad = cephalad
    towards the head
  93. poly-
    many, excessive
  94. cyt/o
    cell
  95. poly/cyt/hemia = polycythemia
    condition of excessive production of red blood cells
  96. pertaining to the heart
    cardiac
  97. pertaining to the cervix
    cervical
  98. pertaining to the eyes
    ocular
  99. pertaining to the lungs
    pulmonary
  100. pertaining to bacteria
    bacterial
  101. pertaining to the head
    cephalic
  102. pertaining to the nerves
    nervous
  103. toward the head
    cephalad
  104. a condition i which there is a overproduction of red blood cells
    polycythemia
  105. audi/o
    hearing
  106. a specialist who studies and practices evaluating and rehabilitating communication disorders that are caused by hearing disorders
    audiologist
  107. the study of diseases and the structural and functional changes caused by them
    pathology
  108. the healthcare profession involving the practice (diagnosis and treatment) of musculoskeletal disorders by manipulation of the spinal column and other body structures
    chiropractic
  109. the healthcare field involving diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the feet
    podiatry
  110. thorac/o/centesis = thoracocentesis
    surgical puncture into the thoracic cavity for the purpose of aspiration
  111. -desis
    surgical fixation or fusion
  112. arthr/o/desis = arthrodesis
    the surgical fixation or fusion of two or more joints using either bone grafts or metal rods
  113. chondr/ectomy
    surgical excision or removal of cartilage
  114. thyroid/ectomy
    surgical excision or removal of the thyroid gland
  115. -pexy
    surgical fixation or suspension
  116. mast/o/pexy = mastopexy
    surgical fixation or suspension of the breasts... breast lift
  117. angi/o/rrhaphy
    suturing of a blood or lymph vessel
  118. -stomy
    surgical creation of an opening
  119. gastr/o/stomy = gastrostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the stomach
  120. col/o
    colon
  121. col/o/stomy = colostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the colon
  122. -tome
    cutting instrument
  123. -tomy
    incision
  124. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  125. -ion
    process of
  126. a medical procedure in which a surgical puncture is made into the chest cavity to remove fluid
    thoracocentesis
  127. a surgical procedure in which a joint is artificially fractured (or broken apart) to correct deformity
    arthroclasis
  128. a surgical procedure in which a bone is artificially fractured (or broken apart) to correct deformity
    osteoclasis
  129. to surgically crush or pulverize kidney stones or gallstones
    lithotripsy
  130. the cutting instrument used during a craniotomy
    craniotome
  131. a procedure that involves the surgical fixation or fusion of two or more joints using either bone grafts or metal rods
    arthrodesis
  132. the process of recording an angiogram
    angiography
  133. the process of ovulating
    ovulation
  134. a surgical fixation or lifting of the breasts
    mastopexy
  135. protective treatment against disease
    prophylaxis
  136. an instrument for examining and treating the stomach
    gastroscope
  137. a procedure of cutting int the cranium with a craniotome
    craniotomy
  138. disease of the joint
    arthropathy
  139. below normal level of oxygen in the blood
    hypoxia
  140. inflammation of the esophagus
    esophagitis
  141. plural form of fistula
    fistulae

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