Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Three

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Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Three
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Chapter 3 - MED1010 - Pearson Medical Terminology Complete
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  1. a-
    without or absence of
  2. con-
    with, together, or jointly
  3. contra-
    counter, against
  4. meta-
    after or change
  5. prevention of conception
    contraception
  6. the process by which foods are changed into energy for use by the body
    metabolism
  7. when twins are joined together
    conjoined
  8. the absence of speech
    aphasia
  9. ambi-
    both, denoting something as positioned on both sides, describing both of two
  10. ambi/dextr/ous
    pertaining to the ability to use both hands equally
  11. bi-
    two
  12. focal
    pertaining to focus points
  13. bi/focal = bifocal
    pertaining to two focal points
  14. bi/para = bipara
    has given birth for the second time
  15. di/plegia = diplegia
    paralysis in two limbs
  16. dipl/opia = diplopia
    double vision
  17. hemi/plegia = hemiplegia
    paralysis of one side of the body
  18. mono/plegia = monoplegia
    paralysis of one limb or muscle group
  19. multi/polar = multipolar
    many branches
  20. multi/para = multipara
    has given birth many times
  21. nulli/gravida
    condition of never having been "heavy" or pregnant
  22. -demic
    relating to people or a district
  23. pan/demic = pandemic
    relating to all of the people or districts
  24. epi/demic
    relating to over the people or district.
  25. poly/phagia = polyphagia
    excessive eating, swallowing, or injestion
  26. -dipsia
    thirst
  27. poly/dipsia = polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  28. -uria
    condition of urine
  29. poly/uria = polyuria
    condition of excessive urine
  30. dys/uria = dysuria
    condition of painful or difficult urination
  31. poly/arter/itis = polyarteritis
    inflammation of many small and medium arteries where then branch
  32. a woman who has given birth for the first time
    primipara
  33. a woman who is pregnant for the first time
    primigravida
  34. semi-
    half or partially
  35. paralysis of one limb or muscle/muscle group
    monoplegia
  36. never having been pregnant or no pregnancies
    nulligravida
  37. the ability to use both hands equally
    ambidextrous
  38. excessive eating
    polyphagia
  39. the valve that consists of three cusps that control blood flow
    tricuspid
  40. a condition of paralysis of all limbs
    quadriplegia
  41. abduction
    away from the midline of the body
  42. adduction
    toward the midline of the body
  43. ana/tom/y =anatomy
    the process of cutting up
  44. dis/location = dislocation
    apart or away from the normal location
  45. endo/gastric = endogastric
    within the stomach
  46. eso/tro/pia = esotropia
    condition of the eye that turns inward. crosseyed
  47. trop/o
    turn
  48. para/cusis = paracusis
    abnormal condition of hearing
  49. pericardium
    around the heart
  50. partum
    birth
  51. post/partum = postpartum
    to follow after birth
  52. to cut up
    anatomy
  53. away from the midline of the body
    abduction
  54. a pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants somewhere outside the uterus
    ectopic
  55. a procedure that removes uric acid and urea from circulating blood
    dialysis
  56. a condition in which the eye deviates away from its normal position
    exotropia
  57. a position below another point of reference
    inferior
  58. a disorder of hearing
    paracusis
  59. below the skin
    subcutaneous or subdermal
  60. a group of symptoms or signs that occur together
    syndrome
  61. before birth
    prenatal
  62. a/septic = aseptic
    pertaining to without living pathogens
  63. asymptomatic
    pertaining to not having symptoms
  64. anoxia
    without or absence of oxygen
  65. bradycardia
    condition of slow heart
  66. bradykinesia
    condition of slowing or decreased movement
  67. hyperthyroidism
    condition of excessive levels of thyroid hormones in the body
  68. hypo/therm/ia = hypothermia
    condition of abnormally low temperature
  69. macro/cephal/y = macrocephaly
    the process of a large head
  70. megal/o/cyte = megalocyte
    large cell
  71. neo/nate = neonate
    new birth. a baby in the first 28 days of life
  72. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  73. pseudo-
    false or fake
  74. pseudo/cyesis = pseudocyesis
    false pregnancy
  75. tachycardia
    abnormally fast heart rate
  76. transexual
    crossing over to another gender
  77. transvaginal
    across or through the vagina
  78. ultrasound
    beyond normal (or inaudible) sound waves
  79. false pregnancy
    pseudocyesis
  80. sterile, having no living pathogenic organisms
    aseptic
  81. a newborn; specifically, a baby within the first 28 days of life
    neonate
  82. abnormally slow heart rate
    bradycardia
  83. a surgery to remove the foreskin around the penis
    circumcision
  84. a person who goes through the process of crossing over to another gender
    transexual
  85. a learning disability involving impaired reading, spelling, and writing ability
    dyslexia
  86. a condition of excessive hormone levels in the body
    hyperthyroidism
  87. bad absorption
    malabsorption
  88. large cell
    megalocyte
  89. excessive or abnormally high sensitivity to painful stimuli
    hyperalgesia
  90. a substance that stops convulsions
    anticonvulsive
  91. a process by which foods are changed into energy for use by the body
    metabolism
  92. a condition of seeing a single object as two images
    diplopia
  93. paralysis of half the body
    hemiplegia
  94. has given birth more than once
    multipara
  95. has never given birth
    nullipara
  96. a disease that is highly prevalent
    pandemic
  97. paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body
    diplegia
  98. inflammation of many medium and small arteries
    polyarteritis
  99. having given birth for the first time
    primipara
  100. toward the midline of the body
    adduction
  101. procedure that removes uric acid and urea from blood
    dialysis
  102. body part that is apart or away from its normal position
    dislocated
  103. pregnancy in which the fertilized eff implants somewhere outside the uterus
    ectopic
  104. within the layers of skin
    intradermal
  105. membrane that covers around the heart
    pericardium
  106. a group of symptoms or signs occurring together
    syndrome
  107. pertaining to not having symptoms
    asymptomatic
  108. a state of sterility, having no living pathogens
    asepsis
  109. slowing or decreasing movement
    bradykinesia
  110. removal of the foreskin of the penis
    circumcision
  111. "normal" or "good" death
    euthanasia
  112. abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
    hypocalcemia
  113. false pregnancy
    pseudocyesis
  114. rapid heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute
    tachycardia
  115. twins that are joined together
    conjoined
  116. literally, against conception
    contraception
  117. the ability to use both hands equally
    ambidextrous
  118. pertaining to two focal points
    bifocal
  119. paralysis of one limb or muscle/muscle group
    monoplegia
  120. paralysis of four limbs
    quadriplegia
  121. partially conscious
    semiconscious
  122. a woman who has given birth three times
    tripara
  123. a woman who has given birth to one child
    unipara
  124. away from the midline of the body
    abduction
  125. process of cutting up
    anatomy
  126. before birth
    prenatal
  127. within the stomach
    endogastric
  128. layer of skin that is over the dermis layer
    epidermis
  129. condition in which the eye deviates inward
    esotropia
  130. condition in which the eye deviates outward
    exotropia
  131. outside the cellular area
    extracellular
  132. position below another point of reference
    inferior
  133. position between the vertebrae
    intervertebral
  134. abnormal or hearing disorder
    paracusis
  135. without, or absence of, oxygen
    anoxia
  136. literally, process of large head
    macrocephally
  137. literally, bad absorption
    malabsorption

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