Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Five

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Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Chapter Five
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Chapter 5 - MED1010 - Pearson Medical Terminology Complete
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. aut/o
    self
  3. cutane/o
    skin
  4. cyan/o
    blue
  5. derm/o, dermat/o
    skin
  6. follicul/o
    little follicle
  7. kerat/o
    hard
  8. onych/o
    nail
  9. seb/o
    sebum, oil
  10. what is the largest organ of the body
    skin
  11. name the 5 smaller accessory organs embedded within the skin
    hair follicles, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and sensory receptors
  12. what is the primary function of the integumentary system
    protection
  13. name the three parts that comprise finger and toe nails
    nail body, cuticle, and nail root
  14. abrasion
    superficial wound to the skin caused by scraping
  15. abscess
    a localized elevation of the skin containing a cavity filled with bacteria, white blood cells, damaged tissue and fluids collectively known as pus
  16. 3 words words that can be used to describe pus
    suppuration, purulence, and pyogenesis
  17. cellulite
    a local uneven surface of the skin that is a sign of subcutaneous fat deposit. common on the hips and thighs of women
  18. cicatrix
    scar
  19. comedo
    pimple, an elevation of the skin arising from the buildup of oil from sebaceous glands.
  20. plural of comedo
    comedones
  21. contusion
    bruise
  22. cyanosis
    condition of blue
  23. cyst
    a closed sac or pouch on the surface of the skin filled with liquid or semisolid material
  24. edema
    swelling
  25. erythema
    redness of the skin
  26. fissure
    narrow break or slit in the skin
  27. macule
    freckle, discolored spot on the skin
  28. pustule
    whitehead, small and elevated, filled with pus
  29. wheal
    localized evanescent elevation of the skin
  30. ulcer
    an erosion or eating or gnawing away of tissue
  31. papule
    pimple, solid, circumscribed, elevated area on the skin
  32. vesicle
    blister, small fluid filled sac
  33. bulla
    big blister, a larger vesicle
  34. furuncle
    ingrown hair
  35. induration
    a local hard area on the skin, usually sign of an excessive deposit of collagen or calcium
  36. jaundice
    yellow coloration of the skin, usually a sign of liver or gallbladder disease
  37. keloid
    an overgrowth of scar tissue
  38. laceration
    an injury caused by a tear or cut by a sharp object with an irregular surface
  39. nevus
    mole
  40. pallor
    abnormally pale color of the skin
  41. petechia
    small red dots on the skin, sign of a circulatory disorder where small blood vessels rupture leaving small red dots on the skin
  42. pruritus
    itchy skin
  43. purpura
    purple red skin discoloration, usually caused by a ruptured blood vessel
  44. urticaria
    hives, common allergic skin reaction to medications, foods, infections, or injury that produces small fluid filled skin elevations.
  45. verruca
    wart, skin elevation with thickened epidermis caused by the human papilloma virus
  46. ec-
    outside, out
  47. par-
    alongside,abnormal
  48. actin/o
    radiation
  49. aden/o
    gland
  50. albin/o
    white
  51. carcin/o
    cancer
  52. cellul/o
    little cell
  53. chym/o
    juice
  54. crypt/o
    hidden
  55. derm/o, dermato/o
    skin
  56. follicul/o
    little follicle
  57. hidr/o
    sweat
  58. kerat/o
    hard
  59. leuk/o
    white
  60. melan/o
    black
  61. myc/o
    fungus
  62. onych/o
    nail
  63. pedicul/o
    body louse
  64. scler/o
    hard
  65. trich/o
    hair
  66. xer/o
    dry
  67. -a
    singular
  68. -ia
    condition of
  69. -ic
    pertaining to
  70. -ism
    condition of
  71. -itis
    inflammation
  72. -malacia
    softening
  73. -oma
    tumor
  74. -osis
    abnormal condition of
  75. -pathy
    disease
  76. -rrhea
    discharge
  77. acne
    bacterial infection of the sebaceous glands
  78. actinic keratosis
    precancerous condition caused by exposure to sunlight, characterized by scaly surfaces
  79. albinism
    genetic condition characterized by the reduction or the pigment melanin in the skin
  80. alopecia
    loss or lack of hair
  81. burn
    skin injury caused by exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, or sunlight. the level of injury is determined by the amount of surface area damaged (TBSA) and depth of the damage.
  82. first degree, second degree, and third degree burns are also known as
    partial thickness, full thickness and deep
  83. carbuncle
    cluster of boils, commonly caused by the staph bacteria
  84. carcinoma
    cancerous tumor
  85. cellulitis
    inflammation of the connective tissues, usually caused by bacteria
  86. contact dermatitis
    caused by physical contact with a triggering substance
  87. seborrheic dermatitis
    inherited form characterized by excessive sebum production
  88. eczema
    flaky skin
  89. ecchymosis
    a condition of leaking blood vessels in the dermis, producing purplish patches of purpura. larger than petechiae
  90. herpes
    skin eruption producing clusters of deep blisters
  91. oral herpes
    herpes simplex 1 - fever blister
  92. genital herpes
    herpes simplex 2
  93. shingles
    herpes zoster virus
  94. hidradenitis
    excessive perspiration
  95. impetigo
    contagious skin infection resembling oral herpes, with golden crusts around the ruptured vesicles
  96. kaposi's sarcoma
    brown or purple patches on the skin, a form of skin cancer associated with HIV and AIDS
  97. leukoderma
    age related lightening of skin
  98. melanoma
    black tumor, the most dangerous skin cancer
  99. onychocryptosis
    ingrown nail, condition of hidden nail
  100. onychomalacia
    softening of the nail
  101. onychmycosis
    fungus of the nail
  102. paronychia
    infection around or alongside of the nail
  103. pediculosis
    condition of lice
  104. psoriasis
    itchy, painful, chronic disease characterized by red lesions with silvery epidermal scales.
  105. scabies
    skin eruption caused by the female itch mite
  106. systemic lupus erythmatosus
    SLE - chronic progressive disease of connective tissue in many organs including the skin. marked by red patches on the skin of the face and joint pain
  107. tinea
    fungal infection often called ringworm
  108. trichomycosis
    fungal infection of the hair
  109. xeroderma
    abnormally dry skin
  110. results from bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
    acne
  111. characterized by red lesions covered with silvery epidermal scales
    psoriasis
  112. baldness
    alopecia
  113. contagious bacterial skin infection with a yellowish crust
    impetigo
  114. caused by excessive exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, or sunlight
    burn
  115. skin eruption caused by the female itch mite
    scabies
  116. viral skin eruption that produces clusters of deep blisters
    herpes
  117. fungal infection of the skin
    tinea
  118. debridement
    excision of foreign matter and unwanted tissue
  119. dermabrasion
    abrasives similar to sandpaper is used to remove unwanted scars and other elevations and may also be used to remove tatoos
  120. dermatoautoplasty
    skin graft where the patient's own skin is used as a graft
  121. dermatome
    instrument used to to cut thin slices of skin for grafting
  122. emollient
    chemical agent that softens or smooths the skin
  123. rhytidoplasty
    surgical repair of wrinkles - face lift
  124. liposuction
    the removal of subcutaneous fat by insertion of a device that sucks it out
  125. the use of abrasives to remove unwanted scars and tattoos
    dermabrasion
  126. the surgical repair of wrinkles
    rhytidoplasty
  127. surgical repair of the skin
    dermaplasty
  128. surgery that involves the use of the patient's own skin to improve healing
    dermatoautoplasty
  129. an instrument that is used to cut thin slices of skin for grafting
    dermatome
  130. Bx
    biopsy
  131. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  132. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  133. SqCCa
    squamous cell carcinoma
  134. TBSA
    total body surface area
  135. literally means black tumor
    melanoma
  136. inflammation of the connective tissue
    cellulitis
  137. disease of the nail
    onychopathy
  138. fungal infection of the nail
    onychomycosis
  139. abnormally dry skin
    xeroderma
  140. a skin wound caused by scraping
    abrasion
  141. an infection arising from a follicle
    folliculitis
  142. disease that affects the hair
    trichopathy
  143. blisters that later form a yellow crust
    impetigo
  144. a small solid circumscribed skin elevation
    nevus
  145. a discolored flat spot
    macule
  146. derived from the latin word to soften
    emollient
  147. one who specializes in skin ailments
    dermatologist
  148. overgrowth of scar tissue
    keloid
  149. an ingrown nail
    onychocryptosis
  150. a precancerous condition caused by sunlight
    actinic keratosis
  151. abnormally light skin
    leukoderma

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