CHN Ch.7 Epi

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Author:
lrnino
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275450
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CHN Ch.7 Epi
Updated:
2014-05-29 20:48:54
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comm health epi
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comm health epi
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  1. how would you compare 125 pregnancies in a pop of 112,085?
    125/112,085 x 100,000. gives you pregnancies per 100,000 people.
  2. what is crude death rate?
    # of deaths per year/total pop mid-year x1000
  3. what is cause specific death rate?
    # of deaths from that cause per year/total pop at mid-year x1000
  4. what is age-specific death rate?
    # of deaths by a certain cause per year/total mid-year pop of people of a certain age x1000
  5. what is maternal death rate?
    maternal deaths over live births x1000
  6. what is infantmortality rate?
    deaths of children <1 over live births that year x1000
  7. what is neonatal death rate?
    deaths <28 days over live births AND fetal deaths that year x1000
  8. what is fetal death rate?
    deaths during 20-28 weeks over live births AND fetal deaths that year.
  9. morbidity vs incidence?
    mobidity is another term for "illness". so heart disease, obesity are mobidities. 

    incidence is the rate of the mobidities.
  10. description studies and correlation studies fall under what type?

    A) descriptive studies
    B) experimental trials
    C) analytic studies
    A) descriptive studies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. what type of study has cause-and-effect?
    analytic studies
  12. The Vit.D study was what kind of study?

    A) descriptive
    B) experimental
    C) analytic
    A) descriptive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The Framingham heart study was what kind of study?

    A) descriptive
    B) experimental
    C) analytic
    C) analytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. In the natural hx of the disease, in the prepathogenesis phase, what level of prevention do we use?

    primary, secondary or tertiary?
    primary
  15. In the hx of disease, pathogenesis comes after prepathogenesis. In later pathogenesis, sx manifests. We use what level of prevention?

    primary, secondary or tertiary?
    secondary and tertiary.
  16. Epi concept: what is reliability of a measure?
    reproducible and consistent results.
  17. Epi concept: What is validity of the measure?
    accuracy
  18. Epi concept: what is sensitivity?
    correctly IDs those that do have the disease
  19. Epi concept: what is specificity?
    ID those that I do not have the disease.
  20. Epi concept: susceptibility
    chances of getting the disease if exposed.
  21. what is crude death rate?
    all deaths in a pop, no matter what the cause.
  22. what death rate is used to compare health in different countries, states or other areas?
    infant mortality rate.
  23. what is a surveillance process?
    surveys from the CDC to determine health trends.

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