Ochem1 quiz I

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Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
275637
Filename:
Ochem1 quiz I
Updated:
2014-05-29 23:54:52
Tags:
organic chemistry formal charges acid base isomers hybridization
Folders:
organic chem I
Description:
quiz 1, review material
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  1. acids strongest to weakest
    • hydronium
    • carboxylic acid
    • ammonium ion
    • phenols
    • H20
    • alcohol
    • carbonyls
    • sp's
    • nitrogens
    • sp2's
    • sp3
  2. strongest base
    OH-
  3. lewis acid/lewis base
    • e- pair acceptor
    • e- pair donor
  4. strong lewis acid
    carbocations
  5. the 2 definitions for acid
    and for base
    • acid: proton donor/e- pair acceptor
    • base: proton acceptor/e- pair donor
  6. gain or lose electrons
    ionic bonding
  7. sharing electrons
    covalent bonding
  8. what is electropositive?
    metals
  9. big enough electronegative charge different for ionic bonding
    2.2
  10. same formula, different structures
    isomers
  11. any carbon with a lone pair
    carboanion
  12. carbon with one unpaired e-
    carbon radical
  13. sp3 bond type, shape and angle degree
    • single bonds
    • tetrahedral
    • 109.5
  14. sp2 hybridized bond type, shape and angle degree
    • double bond (1 sigma, 2 pi)
    • trigonal planar
    • 120
  15. sp hybridized bond type, shape and angle degree
    • triple bond (1 sigma, 4 pi)
    • planar
    • 90
  16. location of molecule with p orbitals where there's no chance of an e- being there
    nodal plane
  17. which shape is there some chance of e-'s being found at the nucleus?
    spherical shape(s orbitals)
  18. for orbital models, which is better?
    molecular orbitals over atomic orbitals
  19. direction of rxn for the different values of Keq
    • if larger rxn to right
    • if smaller rxn to the left
  20. acid/base, which is solvent, which is solute?
    • acid: solute
    • base: solvent
  21. Ka is ignored
    strong acid, gives up H+ 100%
  22. conversion of pKa to Ka
    • pKa = -logKa
    • negative log of 10^-3=3
  23. stronger acids have negative values of
    pKa
  24. how many electrons in the first shell?
    second shell?
    third shell?
    fourth shell?
    • 2
    • 8
    • 18
    • 32

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