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What is an IFSP and who is it used for?
- Individualized Family Service Plan
- Children under 2;11, but ages 3-5 can use in place of IEP if approved by LEA
Who comprises the IEP team?
Parens, gen ed teacher, sped teacher, public agency rep, eval interpreter, someone with specialized knowledge of the child, the child if appropriate
T or F: Parents can bring an attorney to the IEP meeting.
FALSE. Anyone the parents brings must have legitimate educational interest in the IEP meeting outcomes
Only school personnel who are related to development of IEP can attend (no secretaries, union, etc.)
T or F: An LEA may not excuse IEP team members because parent permission is needed.
True. Consider if that team member is necessary to discussions
What are 3 skills needed by a SLP to serve diverse populations?
- Skills for diagnostics and intervention
- Ability to provide differential diagnosis
- Ability to use and supervise support personnel
What is information needed by SLPs serving diverse population (4)?
- State and federal categorical programs
- district/county/state resources
- processes for helping students in the school (IST, etc.)
What must be considered at an IEP meeting?
- parental concerns
- initial/recent eval results
- academic, developmental, function needs of the child
- Special factors (behavioral supports, language needs for ELL, supports for blind/deaf, AT devices)
T or F: A child is eligible for special education if the learning problem is due to the environment, economic disadvantage, or limited English proficiency.
FALSE. They are NOT eligible
What is determined in the IEP meeting?
PLOP, goals, STO/benchmarks, program, placement, services
Name some ways you can determine PLOP (academic achievement)
- Review assessments, classroom work, grade reports
- Teacher reports/interview
- Parent/student information/interest
- Previous year's goals and progress
What are UDL principles?
- Support recognition, learning; provide multiple, flexible methods of presentation
- Support strategic learning, provide multiple, flexible methods of expression and apprenticeship
- Support affective learning, provide multiple, flexible options for engagement
According to federal guidelines, when is a student not eligible for sped services?
If they are not eligible, what can be done?
- Lack of instruction in reading or math
- Limited English proficiency
- General recommendations for classroom
- IST or tiered program
- 504 eligibility
What are the WHO categories and what do they explain?
- Impairment: Abnormality of structure/function
- Disability: Actual effect an impairment has on activities
- Handicap: Society's views of persons with disabilities
What is the ICF modeL?
- International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
- Framework for descrying health/health-related states
- Describe changes in body function, structure, activity, participation
- Includes voice, speech, language, communication
- Account for social aspects, determine functioning levels
What are 4 ways states may adopt SLP eligibility criteria?
- Norm-referenced tests
- Discrepancy formula
- Age equivalent, standard deviation, minimum %ile rank, exclusionary regulations
What are two widely used approaches to determine eligibility?
Normative reference points, severity ratings
What is the best practice for considering severe communication needs?
- Focus on human communication as a social behavior; develop functional communication system with socially effective communication
- Assess form and function, examine environment and partner interactions
Which population requires STOs on their IEPs?
Those students taking alternative assessments. These students often have goals that are more functional than academic related.
IDEA states that IEPs must include...
- How goals will be measured over time
- When progress reports will be made/provided
Name 3 important things to know at an IEP meeting.
- Rowley 1982
- How progress will be measured
What do educational records include/exclude?
Includes: records related to student and maintained by educational agency
Excludes: personal notes, employee records, law enforcement records, adult student tx records, those not maintained by registrar
Parents have access to the child's records within ___ days of being requested to the LEA.
7 Steps of Creating Standards-based IEPs
- 1. Look at grade level expectations
- 2. Look at present level of academic performance relative to standards
- 3. Determine PLOP and functional performance relative to strengths/weaknesses
- 4. Develop measurable annual goals based on standards
- 5. Assess/monitor progress throughout school year
- 6. What further supports and accommodations are needed by this student?
- 7. Determine most appropriate assessment option
What is a goal?
- What a student can be expected to accomplish within a year
- Major milestones which indicate skill/performance levels needed to accomplish annual goals
- Measurable intermediate steps between PLOP and goal
4 characteristics of a goal
Meaningful, measurable, able to be monitored, useful in making decisions
What format should be goals be written?
- Timeframe (# of weeks in goal period)
- condition (manner in which progress measured)
- behavior (the performance being measured)
- criterion (how to know if bx has been mastered)
5 tips to avoid IEP legal troubles?
- 1. Avoid predetermination of placement
- 2. Make recommendations based only on student-needs
- 3. Cost is not the sole consideration
- 4. Be as clear as possible
- 5. Properly address the issue of ESY