Health: Bones

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Author:
LaurenCamp29
ID:
275647
Filename:
Health: Bones
Updated:
2014-05-29 21:51:25
Tags:
health markingperiodfour jun bones santiago
Folders:
Junior Health
Description:
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  1. Inflammation of a sac near a joint
    Bursitis
  2. A tear in a ligament caused by stretching it too far
    Sprain
  3. Compound fracture where the broken end of the bone pierce the skin
    Open fracture
  4. Bone breaks completely but does not pierce the skin
    Closed fracture
  5. Sex hormone that produces female characteristics
    Helps control your ability to absorb calcium vitamins ADC
    Estrogen
  6. Do males have estrogen
    Yes
  7. Thinning and weakening of bones due to the loss of calcium and is uncurable
    Osteoporosis
  8. Inflammation of the joint when cartilage wears away
    Arthritis(osteoarthritis)
  9. End of one bone is pulled out of the joint and the ligaments are severely stretched out and torn
    Dislocation
  10. Partial break in a bone
    Greenstick fracture
  11. S curve in the spine
    Scoliosis
  12. When the bone twists
    Spiral fracture
  13. Tough flexible type of bone tissue
    Cartilage
  14. Examples of cartilage
    (2)
    • Nose
    • Ear
  15. How many bones are in the adult skeleton?
    206
  16. What bones are involved in the axial skeleton
    (3)
    • Skull
    • ribs
    • vertebrae
  17. what phones are involved in the appendicular skeleton
    (3)
    • Arms
    • Legs
    • pelvis
  18. What are the three functions of your skeletal system
    • Support
    • protection
    • movement
  19. Sternum
    Breastbone
  20. Clavicle
    Collarbone
  21. Scapula
    Shoulder blade
  22. Humerus
    Funnybone
  23. Patella
    Kneecap
  24. Mandible
    Jawbone
  25. Cranium
    Skull
  26. Coccyx
    Tailbone
  27. Can move back-and-forth
    Hinge joint
  28. Hinge Joint Examples
    (4)
    • Finger
    • Toes
    • Elbows
    • Knees
  29. Rotates or turns on and access
    Pivot Joint
  30. Pivot Joint Examples
    (2)
    • Your head
    • Elbows
  31. Allows bones to glide over one another
    Gliding joint
  32. Gliding Joint Examples
    (2)
    • Vertebrae
    • Ankles
  33. Allows for greatest range of movement
    Ball and Socket Joint
  34. Ball and Socket examples:
    (2)
    • Hips
    • Shoulders
  35. Doesn't move and provides protection
    Fixed Joint
  36. Fixed Join Example
    Skull
  37. What are the five types of joints
    • Hinge
    • Pivot
    • Gliding
    • Ball and Socket
    • Fixed
  38. What are the five type of bones in the body
    • Long bone
    • Short bone
    • Flat bone
    • Irregular bone
    • Sesamoid bone
  39. Examples of long bone
    (4)
    • Femur
    • Humerus
    • Tibia
    • Phalanges
  40. Examples of short bone
    (2)
    • Carpals
    • Tarsals
  41. Examples of flat bone
    (3)
    • Scapula
    • Sternum
    • Cranium
  42. Examples of Irregular Bone
    (3)
    • Vertebrae
    • Sacrum
    • Mandible
  43. Examples of Sesamoid Bone
    Kneecap
  44. What are the 3 groupings of vertebrae?
    • Cervical C1-C7
    • Thoracic T1-T12
    • Lumbar L1-L5
  45. What are the 2 special and different vertebrae?
    • C1- Atlas
    • C2- Axis

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