IDTA Associate Theory - FOXTROT.txt

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Markaich
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275670
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IDTA Associate Theory - FOXTROT.txt
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2014-07-26 06:27:40
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IDTA Associate Ballroom Dance Theory Foxtrot
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IDTA Associate Foxtrot Theory
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  1. Foxtrot Time Signature
    • Written as a fraction appearing at the start of a piece of music
    • The top (first) number indicates the number of beats in a bar
    • The bottom (second) number indicates the value of the beats
    • Quickstep is 4/4 time = 4 beats of crochet value to the bar
  2. Foxtrot Tempo
    • The speed of the music counted in bars or beats per minute
    • Foxtrot is played at 30 bars/minute (or 120 beats/minute)
  3. Counting in Beats
    • 1234, 1234, 1234 etc
    • A Slow count = 2 beats
    • A Quick count = 1 beat
    • An 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
  4. Counting in Beats and Bars
    • 1234, 2234, 3234, etc where the first number denotes the bar while the 2nd, 3rd & 4th the remaining beats of the bar
    • A Slow count = 2 beats
    • A Quick count = 1 beat
    • An 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
  5. Timing
    • The amount of time given to each step or action in relation to the music
    • Eg Reverse Turn timing is given as SQQ SQQ, the beat value being 211 211
  6. Rhythm
    The regular recurrence of an accented beat or beats in the music that gives character to the music and dance
  7. Foxtrot Accented Beats
    Beat 1 (being the stronger) and beat 3
  8. Syncopation
    Splitting a beat or beats during a figure
  9. Rotation
    Movement of the body in a circular motion around a central axis to Right or Left
  10. Spin
    A continuous turn to Right or Left over 2 or more steps
  11. Positions of Feet
    this refers to the position of one foot relative to the other at the end of a step
  12. Foot Positions
    • Forward
    • Back
    • Side
    • Side & slightly forward
    • Side & slightly back
    • LF (RF) closes to RF (LF) with or without weight
    • Diagonally Forward
    • Diagonally Back
  13. Outside Partner (OP)
    A forward step taken to the partner's right side
  14. Preparing to Step Outside Partner
    this is a step taken forward in a slightly more open position than a normal step
  15. Left or Right Side Leading
    • This is when the same side of the body moves with the stepping foot.
    • The step is taken either forward of back, normally in preparation to step outside partner
  16. Contrary Body Movement Position (CBMP)
    • The placing of the stepping foot, forward or backward, on to the line of the other foot
    • This gives the appearance of CBM having been used but without turning the body
    • CBMP is used on all OP steps to ensure a good line and contact
    • CBMP may be used when in line with partner as in Step 3 of the Change of Direction as man
    • 'forward and across' in CBMP means that the moving foot travels more across the line of the other foot. This applies to steps in PP only
  17. Contrary Body Movement (CBM)
    • The body action used to initiate turn
    • It is moving the opposite side of the body toward the stepping foot, either forward or backward
    • The action is strongest on Natural and Reverse Pivots
  18. Promenade Position (PP)
    • The man's right and lady's left side are in contact with the lady slightly behind the man's right side
    • PP is incorporated in the 'positions of feet' column in the charts
  19. Fallaway Position
    Both man and lady stepping backward in PP on either foot
  20. Direction
    Direction is the movement of the foot in relation to the room
  21. Alignment
    • This refers to the foot or feet and describes where the feet are Facing, Backing or Pointing in relation to the room at the end of a step
    • Pointing will occur when on the inside of a turn having taken a side step, turning the foot more than the body
    • Pointing will occur on some forward steps in PP
    • The body position is sometimes included in the alignment because the body does not match the turning out of the feet when in PP
  22. Line of Dance
    • The line of forward progression round the ballroom in an anti-clockwise direction.
    • The following alignments are used for examination purposes
    • 1: Facing LoD or Backing against LoD
    • 2: Facing DW or Backing DC against LoD
    • 3: Facing Wall or Backing Centre
    • 4: Facing DW against LoD or Backing DC
    • 5: Backing LoD or Facing agaist LoD
    • 6: Facing DC against LoD or Backing DW
    • 7: Facing Centre or Backing Wall
    • 8: Facing DC or Backing DW against LoD
  23. Amounts of Turn
    The amount of turn made with the feet between each step
  24. Outside of Turn
    • Indicates the turn is made following a forward step
    • The amount of turn will be divided between steps 1 - 3
    • Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 7 & 8 of the Reverse Wave causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
    • Exception: When dancing Natural or Reverse Pivots the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
  25. Inside of Turn
    • Indicates the turn is made following a backward step
    • There will be no foot turn on step 2
    • All the turn is made between steps 1 and 2
    • When on the inside of a turn the foot will often turn more than the body, in which case the 'Body turns less' term is used
    • Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 4 & 5 of the Natural Turn with Hesitation causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
    • Exception: When dancing Natural or Reverse Pivots the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
  26. Rise and Fall
    • Rise is the increased elevation created by body and leg swing usually accompanied by the raising of the heel or heels from the floor
    • Fall is the lowering of the supporting foot from the toe to the heel and the flexing of the knees as the next step is taken
    • The body should be toned at all times whether or not Rise and Fall is used
  27. No Foot Rise
    • This is when the rise is felt through the legs and body but when stepping back no rise occurs in the supporting foot
    • When a side step follows NFR, the supporting foot will be flat and when full weigh is taken on step 2 the heel of step one will be released from the floor
  28. Types of Rise
    • Eg Feather Step as Man: Rise end of 1; Up on 2; Up on 3, lower end of 3
    • Eg Heel Turn as Lady: Rise slightly end of 1 NFR; Continue to rise on 2; Up on 3, lower end of 3
    • Other type of rise are included in the charts
  29. Footwork
    • Describes the working part, or parts, of the foot in contact with the floor during a step
    • A step forward with rise or a turn is given as Heel Toe (HT) whereas without just given as Heel (H) although the toe does lower
    • Backward walks normally given as TH with the front foot drwn back with the H in contact. The H is not working and is therefore not given unless dancing Heel Turn or Heel Pull
    • When a side step follows a backward step the backward step is given as TH and will end flat; the T will not be released when the side step is taken
  30. Sway
    • The natural inclination of the body, left or right, from the ankles upward
    • Use to assist balance and turn and may be used for artistic effect
    • The principle of sway is to incline the body toward the inside of a turn
    • Sway may be used over 1 or 2 steps
    • Some figures have no sway
  31. Poise
    • Man's: .
    • Stand in natural, upright position
    • Body weight is forward over the balls of the feet with feet flat and the body is inclined forward from the ankles
    • Knees are slightly flexed
    • Body is braced at the waist with no tension in the chest and shoulders level
    • Lady's: .
    • as man's but, the upper body is poised slightly backward from the waist
    • This backward poise is not over exaggerated
  32. Balance
    the correct distribution of the weight over the foot or feet when moving or stationary
  33. Ballroom Hold
    • Achieve correct ballance and poise
    • Swing both arms forward and slightly up without lifting the shoulders
    • Invide the lady to take the Man's left hand between the thumb & forefinger, his other fingers close over the lady hand.
    • The man positions the lady sligtly to his right
    • Man's Left arm slopes down from the shoulder then up from the elbow, the wrist is straight and the hand is held diagonally toward the floor.
    • Man's Right hand is placed just under the Lady's Left shoulder blade with his arm sloping slightly down from the shoulder to elbow and onto the hand, fingers are neatly grouped
    • Lady's Right hand is joined to the Man's Right between his thumb and forefinger, her fingers lightly closed over his hand.
    • Her Right arm sloping gently down from the hand to the elbow then up from the elbow to the shoulder
    • The Lady is positionsed slightly to the Man's Right side
    • Lady's Left Hand is positioned on the Man's Right arm with fingers neatly grouped just below his Right shoulder
    • The hold may be adjusted to accomodate different heights
  34. Forward Walk (compulsory)
    • (RF Walk is described but, walks can commence on either foot)
    • Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Left foot; knees are slightly flexed
    • The body (core) starts to move first
    • Further flex the Right knee and swing the Right leg forward from the hip
    • Keep first the ball of the foot, then the heel in contact with the floor, at the same time releasing the Left heel
    • At the full length of stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee and the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed
    • With the body continuing to move, immediately lower the toe of the Right foot to end with the foot flat
    • Bring the Left leg forward, with slight pressure on the ball of the foot to pass the Right foot and repeat the walking action decribed
    • For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
  35. Backward walk (compulsory)
    • (LF walk is described but, walks can commence on either foot)
    • Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Right foot; knees are slightly flexed; release the heel of the Left foot
    • Swing the left leg back, from the hip, with first the ball then toe of the Left foot in contact with the floor, releasing the Right toe
    • Lower onto the ball of the Left foot so that at the full length of the stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed and the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee
    • Continue to move backward with the heel of the Right foot in contact with the floor, slowly lowering to the Left heel
    • When the Right foot is level with the Left, the ball of the Right foot will be in contact with the floor
    • As the Right foot passes the Left, the heel of the Left foot will complete the lowering, ready to repeat the action described.
    • For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
  36. Heel Turn / Pull
    • The inside action of an open turn
    • Turning on the heel of one (supporting) foot keeping both feet parallel.
    • The Heel Turn: ends with the feet together
    • The Heel Pull: end with feet apart
  37. Heel Turn (compulsory)
    • The inside action of an open turn
    • Turning on the heel of one (supporting) foot keeping both feet parallel.
    • Ends with the feet together
    • Reverse Heel Turn:
    • Right foot back, starting to turn to the Left
    • The turn will start on the ball of the Right foot, the heel will then lower and the remaining turn will continue on the heel with the foot flat
    • A body rise will be felt
    • The Left foot will be drawn back with the heel in contact with the floor
    • When the Left foot closes to the Right, the feet will be flat and parallel
    • A weight change will be made to the Left foot at then end of the turn
    • The Heel turns of a Natural Turn are the same except they start Left foot back and turn to the Right
  38. Heel Pull
    • Left foot back, turning to the right on the heel of the Left foot with the foot flat
    • As the turn is made on the Left foot, the Right foot is pulled back with the heel in contact with the floor
    • Turn ends with the Right foot to the side, feet parallel
  39. Open Turn
    A turn when the feet are open on the 3rd step
  40. Brush Step
    The action of the foot moving from an open position to another open position closing to, or toward the supporting foot without transferrance of weight
  41. Natural Pivot
    A turn to the Right in the ball of the Left foot with the Right foot held in CBMP
  42. Pivoting Action
    • The counterpart of the Natural Pivot
    • A turn made to the Right on the Ball of the Right foot
    • The Left foot is not held in CBMP
  43. Feather Step, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: S - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Q - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1 beat
  44. Feather Step, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward, Left side leading preparing to step outside partner
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
  45. Feather Step, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  46. Feather Step, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  47. Feather Step, Men's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  48. Feather Step, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  49. Feather Step, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  50. Feather Step, Men's Sway
    Straight Right Right
  51. Feather Step, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back, Right side leading
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  52. Feather Step, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe Heel
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  53. Feather Step, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  54. Feather Step, Lady's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  55. Feather Step, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1, no foot rise
    • Up on 2, no foot rise
    • Up on 3, no foot rise; Lower end of 3
  56. Feather Step, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  57. Feather Step, Lady's Sway
    Straight Left left
  58. Feather Step, Other Alignments
    Start and end DW or LoD
  59. Feather Step, Precede
    • Natural Turn
    • Reverse Wave
    • Change of Direction
  60. Feather Step, Follow
    • Reverse Turn
    • Three Step
    • Reverse Wave
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Change of Direction
  61. Feather Step, Note
    Lady: It is improtant to note that the front Toe will release from the floor on each backward step and a strong body rise is felt
  62. Reverse Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: S - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Q - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Q - 1 beat
    • Step 4: S - 2 beats
    • Step 5: Q - 1 beat
    • Step 6: Q - 1 beat
  63. Reverse Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT forward in CBMP outside partner
  64. Reverse Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  65. Reverse Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 4: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 5: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  66. Reverse Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
    • No turn on 6
  67. Reverse Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, Rise end of 4
    • Up on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
  68. Reverse Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1 & 4
  69. Reverse Turn, Men's Sway
    • Straight Left Left
    • Straight Right Right
  70. Reverse Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to Right (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  71. Reverse Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe Heel
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  72. Reverse Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 3: facing Line of Dance
    • Step 4: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 5: Backing Wall
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  73. Reverse Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 1/4 turn between 4 & 5
    • 1/8 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
  74. Reverse Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, no foot rise
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, rise end of 4
    • Up on 5
    • Up on 6 no foot rise, Lower end of 6
  75. Reverse Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 & 4
  76. Reverse Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Straight Right Right
    • Straight Left left
  77. Reverse Turn, Precede
    • Feather Step
    • Feather Finish (Reverse Turn)
    • Feather Ending (no Associate Figures)
  78. Reverse Turn, Follow
    • Three Step
    • Reverse Wave
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Change of Direction
  79. Reverse Turn, Note
    Lady: The heel of Right foot must be in contact with the floor when starting the first step of the next figure, except when Top Spin follows
  80. Three Step, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
  81. Three Step, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot forward, Right side leading
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward
  82. Three Step, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  83. Three Step, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  84. Three Step, Men's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  85. Three Step, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  86. Three Step, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  87. Three Step, Men's Sway
    Straight Left Left
  88. Three Step, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot back, Left side leading
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot back
  89. Three Step, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe Heel
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  90. Three Step, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  91. Three Step, Lady's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  92. Three Step, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2, no foot rise
    • Up on 3, no foot rise, Lower end of 3
  93. Three Step, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  94. Three Step, Lady's Sway
    Straight Right Right
  95. Three Step, Alternative Alignment
    • Start & end facing LoD
    • Start DW, end facing LoD
  96. Three Step, Precede
    • Feather Step
    • Feather Finish
    • Feather End
    • Reverse Turn
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Natural Weave
  97. Three Step, Follow
    • Feather Step
    • Natural Turn
    • Natural Weave
  98. Three Step, Note
    Man: the unsual footwork on Step 2
  99. Natural Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 4: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 5: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 6: Slow - 2 beats
  100. Natural Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot short step to side (Heel Pull)
    • Step 6: LEFT foot forward
  101. Natural Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Heel, inside edge of foot, whole foot
    • and: inside edge of Left Foot
    • Step 6: Heel
  102. Natural Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 4: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  103. Natural Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5
    • Slight body turn to LEFT on 6
  104. Natural Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Slight rise on 5, no foot rise
    • Down on 6
  105. Natural Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1, 4 & 6
  106. Natural Turn, Men's Sway
    • Straight Right Right
    • Straight Left Straight
  107. Natural Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closes to LF (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot side and RF brushes to LF
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot back having brushed to LF
  108. Natural Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe Heel and inside edge of Toe of RF
    • Step 6: Toe
  109. Natural Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 3: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 4: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  110. Natural Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Right on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5
    • Slight body turn to LEFT on 6
  111. Natural Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, no foot rise
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Slight rise on 5, no foot rise
    • Down on 6
  112. Natural Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1, 4 & 6
  113. Natural Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Straight Left left
    • Straight Right Straight
  114. Natural Turn, Precede
    • Three Step
    • At a corner: .
    • Change of Direction
  115. Natural Turn, Follow
    • Feather Step
    • Natural Weave started DC
  116. Closed Impetus Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
  117. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT side and slightly back
  118. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  119. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  120. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/4 turn between 2 & 3
  121. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  122. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  123. Closed Impetus Turn, Men's Sway
    Straight Left Straight
  124. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side then RF brushes to LF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
  125. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  126. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  127. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/4 turn between 2 & 3
  128. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  129. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  130. Closed Impetus Turn, Lady's Sway
    Straight Right Straight
  131. Closed Impetus Turn, Precede
    • 1-3 Natural Turn
    • 1-6 Reverse Wave
  132. Closed Impetus Turn, Follow
    • Feather Finish ended Facing DC
    • At a corner: Feather Finish ended Facing DW of new LoD
    • At a corner: 3/8 turn followed woth Feather Finish Facing DC of New LoD
  133. Feather Finish, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
  134. Feather Finish, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
  135. Feather Finish, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  136. Feather Finish, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 2: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  137. Feather Finish, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • No turn on 3
  138. Feather Finish, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  139. Feather Finish, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  140. Feather Finish, Men's Sway
    Straight Right Right
  141. Feather Finish, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  142. Feather Finish, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe Heel
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  143. Feather Finish, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 2: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  144. Feather Finish, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn betwen 2 & 3, body turns less
  145. Feather Finish, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3 no foot rise, Lower end of 3
  146. Feather Finish, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  147. Feather Finish, Lady's Sway
    Straight Left left
  148. Feather Finish, Alternative Alignment
    • Start backing DC, end Facing DW
    • Start backing LoD, end Facing DW
  149. Feather Finish, Precede
    Closed Impetus Turn
  150. Feather Finish, Follow
    • Reverse Turn
    • Reverse Wave
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • At a corner: Three Step, Reverse Wave, 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Change of Direction
  151. Feather Finish, Note
    Lady: the heel of RF will be in contact with the floor when starting the first step of the following figure except when Top Spin follows
  152. Feather Ending, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
  153. Feather Ending, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 2: LEFT foot diagonally forward preparing to step outside partner
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
  154. Feather Ending, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  155. Feather Ending, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Pointing Diagonal to Wall, body Facing Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  156. Feather Ending, Men's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  157. Feather Ending, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  158. Feather Ending, Men's CBM
    None
  159. Feather Ending, Men's Sway
    Straight Right Right
  160. Feather Ending, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side & slightly back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  161. Feather Ending, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe Heel
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  162. Feather Ending, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Moving Diagonal to Wall, Pointing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  163. Feather Ending, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
  164. Feather Ending, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3 no foot rise, Lower end of 3
  165. Feather Ending, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  166. Feather Ending, Lady's Sway
    Straight Left left
  167. Feather Ending, Alternative Alignment
    Start and end Facing Diagonal to Centre (precedes outside Associate syllabus)
  168. Feather Ending, Precede
    Outside Associate syllabus
  169. Feather Ending, Follow
    • Three Step
    • Reverse Wave
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Change of Direction
  170. Reverse Wave, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 4: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 5: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 6: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 7: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 8: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 9: Slow - 2 beats
  171. Reverse Wave, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot back, Left side leading
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot to side, small step (Heel Pull)
    • Step 9: LEFT foot forward
  172. Reverse Wave, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Toe Heel
    • Step 8: Heel, Inside edge of foot, Whole foot AND Inside edge of Left foot
    • Step 9: Heel
  173. Reverse Wave, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 5: Towards alignment of step 6
    • Step 6: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 7: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 8: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 9: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  174. Reverse Wave, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 1/8 turn between 4, 5 & 6
    • Start to turn Right on 7
    • 3/8 turn between 7 & 8
    • Slight body turn Left on 9
  175. Reverse Wave, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
    • Down on 7
    • Slight rise on 8, no foot rise
    • Down on 9
  176. Reverse Wave, Men's CBM
    Step 1, 4, 7 & 9
  177. Reverse Wave, Men's Sway
    • Straight Left Left
    • Straight Right Right
    • Straight Left Straight
  178. Reverse Wave, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right foot (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot forward, Right side leading
    • Step 6: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 8: LEFT foot to side and Right foot brushes toward Left
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot back having brused to Left foot
  179. Reverse Wave, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel
    • Step 5: Heel Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Heel Toe
    • Step 8: Toe Heel and Inside edge of Toe of Right foot
    • Step 9: Toe
  180. Reverse Wave, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 5: Towards alignment of 6
    • Step 6: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 7: Facing Line of Dance
    • Step 8: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 9: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  181. Reverse Wave, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/2 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 1/4 turn between 4, 5 & 6
    • Start to turn Right on 7
    • 3/8 turn between 7 & 8
    • Slight body turn Left on 9
  182. Reverse Wave, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, no foot rise
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, rise end of 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
    • Down on 7
    • Slight rise on 8. no foot rise
    • Down on 9
  183. Reverse Wave, Lady's CBM
    Step 1, 4, 7 & 9
  184. Reverse Wave, Lady's Sway
    • Straight Right Right
    • Straight Left left
    • Straight Right Straight
  185. Reverse Wave, Alternative Alignment
    • At a corner: Start Facing DW, 3/8 L tween 1 & 2, 1/8 tween 2 & 3, 1/4 tween 4 & 6 to back DW of new LoD, 1/4 tween 7 & 8 to face DC new LoD
    • Start facing DC: 1/4 tween 1 & 2, 1/8 tween 2 & 3, 1/4 tween 4 & 6 to back new LoD, 3/8 R tween 7 & 8
  186. Reverse Wave, Precede
    • Feather Step, Finish or Ending
    • Reverse Turn
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Natural Weave
  187. Reverse Wave, Follow
    • Feather Step
    • Natural Weave started Facing DC
    • After Step 4: Weave
  188. Reverse Wave, Note
    Man: When step 4 (RF) moves back to become step 6, the Heel of the RF will be in contact with the floor having released the Toe
  189. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 4: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 5: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 6: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 7: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 8: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 9: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 10: Quick - 1 beat
  190. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 9: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 10: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP, outside partner
  191. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Heel Toe
    • Step 6: Toe
    • Step 7: Toe
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe
    • Step 10: Toe Heel
  192. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 6: Backing Line of Dance
    • Step 7: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 8: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 9: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 10: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  193. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Slight body turn to Left on 4
    • Continue to tur Left on 5
    • 1/8 between 5 & 6
    • 1/8 between 6 & 7
    • Continue to turn Left on 8
    • 3/8 between 8 & 9, bodt turns less
    • No turn on 10
  194. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
    • Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6
    • Up on 7
    • Up on 8
    • Up on 9
    • Up on 10, Lower end of 10
  195. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's CBM
    Step 1, 4, 5 & 8
  196. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Men's Sway
    • Straight Left Left Straight
    • Straight Left Left
    • Straight Right Right
  197. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right foot (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 6: LEFT foot back
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 8: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 10: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  198. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Toe Heel
    • Step 6: Toe
    • Steo 7: Toe
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe Heel
    • Step 10: Toe Heel
  199. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 6: Point Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 7: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 8: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 9: Backing Wall
    • Step 10: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  200. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/2 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
    • Slight body turn Left on 4
    • Continue to turn Left on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
    • No turn on 7
    • Continue to tuen Left on 8
    • 1/8 between 8 & 9
    • 1/8 between 9 & 10, body turns less
  201. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, no foot rise
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
    • Rise end of 5, no foot rise
    • Up on 6
    • Up on 7
    • Up on 8
    • Up on 9
    • Up on 10 no foot rise, Lower end of 10
  202. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's CBM
    Step 1, 4, 5 & 8
  203. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Lady's Sway
    • Straight Right Right Straight
    • Straight Right Right
    • Straight Left left
  204. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Alternative Alignment
    Start facing Diagonal to Centre
  205. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Precede
    • Feather Step, Finish or Ending
    • Reverse Turn
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Natural Weave
  206. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Follow
    • Three Step
    • Change of Direction
    • Reverse Wave
  207. 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave, Note
    Man: Step 7 footwork can be TH with the following step being Up NFR
  208. Change of Direction, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 3: Slow - 2 beats
  209. Change of Direction, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot diagonally forward, Right side leading and Left closes to Right slightly forward without weight
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward in CBMP
  210. Change of Direction, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel
    • Step 2: Inside edge of Toe Heel the Inside edge of Left Toe
    • Step 3: Heel
  211. Change of Direction, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: DW RT Pointing LoD, End Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  212. Change of Direction, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
  213. Change of Direction, Men's Rise and Fall
    No rise
  214. Change of Direction, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  215. Change of Direction, Men's Sway
    Straight Left Straight
  216. Change of Direction, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot diagonal back, Left side leading and Right foot closes to Left slightly back without weight
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot back in CBMP
  217. Change of Direction, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe then Inside edge of Toe Heel and Inside edge of Right Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
  218. Change of Direction, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Wall, End Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  219. Change of Direction, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
  220. Change of Direction, Lady's Rise and Fall
    No rise
  221. Change of Direction, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  222. Change of Direction, Lady's Sway
    Straight Right Straight
  223. Change of Direction, Precede
    • Feather Step, Finish or Ending
    • Reverse Turn
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed bu Weave
    • Natural Weave
  224. Change of Direction, Follow
    • Feather Step
    • Natural Weave started DC
  225. Change of Direction, Note
    • Man: not the unusual alignment on Step 2 - pointing when on the outside of turn
    • At a corner: Up to 1/2 turn left may be made
  226. Natural Weave, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: Slow - 2 beats
    • Step 2: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 3: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 4: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 5: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 6: Quick - 1 beat
    • Step 7: Quick - 1 beat
  227. Natural Weave, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot back, Right side leading
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 6: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
  228. Natural Weave, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe
    • Step 7: Toe Heel
  229. Natural Weave, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing almost Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 7: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  230. Natural Weave, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • Just under 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • Slight turn between 2 & 3
    • No turn on 4
    • Start to turn Left on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
    • Not turn on 7
  231. Natural Weave, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3
    • Up on 4
    • Up on 5
    • Up on 6
    • Up on 7, Lower end of 7
  232. Natural Weave, Men's CBM
    Step 1 & 5
  233. Natural Weave, Men's Sway
    • Straight Right Straight Left
    • Straight Right Right
  234. Natural Weave, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Left foot (Heel Turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward, Left side leading preparing to step outside partner
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back in CBMP
  235. Natural Weave, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Toe Heel
  236. Natural Weave, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Wall
    • Step 7: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  237. Natural Weave, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
    • No turn on 4
    • Start to turn Left on 5
    • 1/8 turn between 5 & 6
    • 1/8 turn between 6 & 7, body turns less
  238. Natural Weave, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, no foot rise
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3
    • Up on 4
    • Up on 5
    • Up on 6
    • uP ON 7 no foot rise, Lower end of 7
  239. Natural Weave, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 & 5
  240. Natural Weave, Lady's Sway
    • Straight Left Straight Right
    • Straight Left left
  241. Natural Weave, Precede
    • Three Step
    • At a corner: Change of Direction
  242. Natural Weave, Follow
    • Three Step
    • Reverse Wave
    • 1-4 Reverse Wave followed by Weave
    • Change of Direction
  243. Natural Weave, Note
    • Man: .
    • Note the unusual amount of turn between steps 1-3
    • if started DC, 3/8 to Right between 1 & 2, 1/8 between 2 & 3
    • Step 4 footwork may be TH, the following step will be UP NFR

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