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What are the differential diagnoses for short stature?
familial, constitutional, growth hormone deficiency, skeletal dysplasia, chronic disease
what investigations are performed for short stature?
bone age, FBC, U+E, LFTs, TFTs, Celiac screen, IGF-1, follow height velocity. Examine.
at what age are febrile seizures a possible diagnosis?
6 months - 5 years
what is management of a seizure?
administer oxygen, ABC, get IV access. Then treat with max 2 doses benzodiazepine and draw up phenytoin + thiopentine for anaesthetists. Look for a focus of fever and give anti-pyretics
what are the 3 commonest causes of baby vomiting?
infection, obstruction, GORD
what are the red flags for vomiting?
bile/blood, weight loss/failure to thrive.
what is management for GORD?
if symptomatic,trial ranitidine or domperidone.
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