LANGUAGE ARTS 14

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shockwave
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LANGUAGE ARTS 14
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2014-05-30 21:27:58
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LANGUAGE ARTS 14
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  1. more than one deer = 
    more than one barracks = 
    more than one nucleus = 
    more than one syllabus = 
    more than one focus =
    • more than one deer = deer
    • more than one barracks = barracks
    • more than one nucleus = nuclei
    • more than one syllabus = syllabi
    • more than one focus = foci
  2. more than one thesis = theses
    more than one phenomenon =
    more than one index =
    more than one appendix = 
    more than one criterion =
    • more than one thesis = theses
    • more than one phenomenon = phenomena
    • more than one index = indices
    • (indexes is acceptable)
    • more than one appendix = appendices (appendixes is acceptable)
    • more than one criterion = criteria
  3. With words that end in a consonant and a y, HOW DO YOU MAKE THEM PLURAL?
    You'll need to change the y to an i and add es.

    • more than one baby = babies
    • more than one gallery = galleries
    • (Notice the difference between this and galleys, where the final y is not preceded by a consonant.)
    • more than one reality = realities

    • This rule does not apply to proper nouns:
    • more than one Kennedy = Kennedys
  4. HOW DO YOU USE A COMMA WITH COORDINATE ADJECTIVES?
    Coordinate adjectives are adjectives that appear in sequence with one another to modify the same noun.

    That tall, distinguished, good looking fellow.

    If you can put an and or a but between the adjectives, a comma will probably belong there.

    • He is a tall and distinguished fellow.
    • I live in a very old and run-down house.

    • So you would write:
    • He is a tall, distinguished man.
    • I live in a very old, run-down house.
  5. Advice vs. advise

    Advice is a noun meaning information about what could or should be done. 

    Advise is only a verb. It means to give advice.

    The distinction applies in all varieties of English. The words are never interchangeable.
  6. HOW TO USE A COMMA WHEN IT COMES TO DATES? 

    NAME 3 RULES.
    Note that we use a comma or a set of commas to make the year parenthetical when the date of the month is included

    1. July 4, 1776, is regarded as the birth date of American liberty.

    • 2. Without the date itself, however, the comma disappears:
    • July 1776 was one of the most eventful months in our history.

    • 3. In international or military format, no commas are used:
    • The Declaration of Independence was signed on 4 July 1776.
  7. Afflict vs. inflict
    Afflict, which takes the preposition with, means to impose grievous physical or mental suffering on. 

    Inflict, which takes the preposition on, means to mete out or impose (something on someone).

    they also use objects differently. The direct object of afflict is the person, group, or thing suffering from the affliction (e.g., she afflicted him with great mental distress).

    The direct object of inflict is the agent of suffering (e.g., he inflicted great mental distress on her).

    Afflict‘s corresponding noun is affliction (synonymous with disease, misfortune, and suffering). 

    Inflict‘s corresponding noun is infliction (synonymous with imposition, enforcement, and exaction).
  8. Identify the correct subjects and verbs. The subjects are in bold and the verbs are underlined.


























      A)  Watch your step.
      B)  (You) Watch your step.
      C)  (You) Watch your step.
      D)  Watch your step.
    • B) (You) Watch your step
  9.  Identify the correct subjects and verbs. The subjects are in bold and the verbs are underlined.

























      A)  Look before you leap.
      B)  (You) Look before you leap.
      C)  Look before you leap.
      D)  Look before you leap.
    • B) (You) Look before you leap.
  10.  Identify the correct subjects and verbs. The subjects are in bold and the verbs are underlined.
























      A)  We are forced to inhale and exhale this smog-filled air.
      B)  We are forced to inhale and exhale this smog-filled air.
      C)  We are forced to inhale and exhale this smog-filled air.
      D)  We are forced to inhale and exhale this smog-filled air.

    D) We are forced to inhale and exhale this smog-filled air.
  11. Identify the correct subjects and verbs. The subjects are in bold and the verbs are underlined.

























      A)  Around every cloud is a silver lining.
      B)  Around every cloud is a silver lining.
      C)  Around every cloud is a silver lining.
      D)  Around every cloud is a silver lining.

    • C) Around every cloud is a silver lining.
  12.  Identify the correct subjects and verbs. The subjects are in bold and the verbs are underlined.
























      A)  Every one of the roses bloomed.
      B)  Every one of the roses bloomed.
      C)  Every one of the roses bloomed.
      D)  Every one of the roses bloomed.

    • A) Every one of the roses bloomed.
  13. I know exactly WHO/WHOM/WHOSE I'm going to support in the upcoming election.
    WHOM

    • "Whom" is an Object Pronoun"Whom" is an object pronoun like "him," "her" and "us."
    • We use "whom" to ask which person receives an action.
  14. WHO/WHOM/WHOSE are you going to recommend?
    WHOM.

    • "Whom" is an Object Pronoun"Whom" is an object pronoun like "him," "her" and "us."
    • We use "whom" to ask which person receives an action.
  15. WHO VS WHOM

  16. DEFINE INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS
    We use interrogative pronouns to ask a questions. These pronouns can be personal or non-personal.

    THEY ARE LIKE RELATIVE PRONOUNS, BUT USED TO AS QUESTIONS!

  17. There _______ to be some people left in that town after yesterday's flood. 

    HAVE OR HAS
    There HAVE to be some people left in that town after yesterday's flood. 

    The subject is people, which is plural, and that determines the verb (not the word there).
  18. The International Club, as well as the Choral Society and the Rowing Club, __________ to submit a new constitution.

    NEED OR NEEDS?
    NEED.

    The subject here is 'The International Club,' which is singular. The modifying phrase that comes after 'as well as' modifies the subject but does not compound it as the word 'and' would do.
  19. Not only the students but also their instructor ________ been called to the principal's office.

    HAVE OR HAS
    HAS 

    With paired conjunctions such as either ... or and not only ... but also, the subject closer to the verb -- in this case, the singular 'instructor' -- determines whether the verb will be singular or plural.
  20. HAVE VS HAS
    • HAS = SINGULAR
    • HAVE = PLURAL

    • Carla has worked here for five years.
    • Carla and Fred have worked here for five years.

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