Psychology week 1 - Chapter 1
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Mind body problem is:
The question of how mental and physical events interact
Bio-psychology examines what:
The physical bases of psychological phenomena such as motivation, emotion and stress
Psychology is defined as:
Scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering and feeling
Cross-cultural psychoogy is
distinguishing between universal psychological processes from those that are specific to particular cultures
Two prominent early schools of thought were:
and define them
- structuralism = uncovers the basic elements of unconsciousness through introspection
- and functionalism = explains psychological processes in terms of the role or function they serve
Free will or determinism refer to
whether we freely choose our actions or whether our behaviour is determines by things outside of our control
Who founded the first psychological laboratory and when:
Wilhelm Wunat in 1879
Who was the founder of functionalism
specialised areas of psychology include:
- sports psychology
psychodynamic perspective relies on 3 key premises:
- peoples actions are determined by the way thoughts, feelings and wishes are connected in their minds
- many of these mental processes occur outside the consciousness
- mental processes may conflict with each other
focuses on the way objects or events in the environment come to control our behaviour through learning
Behaviour can be controlled by :
environmental consequences that either increase (reinforcement) or decrease (punishment) the likelihood of that behaviour occurring again
Humanistic Perspective is that
people are all individuals and unique and trying to reach their full potential by goal directed choices that leads them to self-actualisation.
Carl Rogers emphasised this
focuses on the way people perceive, process and retrieve information
argues that many behavioural tendencies in humans - from the need to eat, to the concern to our children has evolved to help our ancestors survive and have healthy offspring
evolutionary psychologists support what?
- Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.
- and that the most adaptive behavioural traits are those that helped our ancestors adjust and survive in their environment
What would you like to do?
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