exam 2 phase 1 2
Card Set Information
exam 2 phase 1 2
how high can a pyro go?
what are the distances for an m203?
point target 150
area target 350
min engage dis 31m
how far must the round travel out of an m203 before being armed?
what are the ranges of an at4?
max ef 300
min training 50
min combat 10
what identifies a 40 mm he dual purpose m203 round?
green middle tip
gold tip with white marking
what color band does a 40 mm star parachute have?
what color does a cs 40 mm have?
what are the rates of a iar?
sustained 36 om at 95 degrees f
what are the ranges of iar?
point target 550
area target 700 m
max 3938 yd
what is an abrasion?
loss of portion of epidermis
what is a laceration?
anything that will cut the skin in a jagged manor
what is an incision?
a cut with a clean edge
what is an avulsion?
cut where there is a piece of skin flapping
what are the 3 level of burns?
1st- limited to most superficial layer of the epidermis and redding skin
2nd- partial thickness cause damage to but not through dermis and blisters
3rd- destroy skin and can be life threatening
what are the 3 types of burns?
thermal- caused by heat
what are the two different families of poisonous snakes?
crotalidae which is hemotoxic
elapidae which is neurotoxic ni extreme pain
what are things you should look for on a snake?
arrangement of teeth
shape of head
shape of eyes
what are different types of heat casualties?
prickly heat rash
fungus infection- leave open sores on feet and groin
heat cramps- considered to produce a heat casualty
heat stroke- most serious
what are heat cramps cause by?
lack of electrolytes
what is heat exhaustion caused by?
pooling of blood in the capillaries close to the surface of the skin
what is a heat stroke?
shut down of the bodys regulatory mechanism
what is the main difference between heat exhaustion and heat stoke?
during heat stroke the victim will not sweat and will have hot, dry, flushed skin. temps may range from 104 to 108
what are the 3 ways to prevent heat cases?
clothing- loose and full coverage
what is the wet bulb globe temp index?
is our source for determining heat conditions
what are the 4 environmental factors that make up the wbgt?
what are the different flag conditions?
what is the heat for a green flag and what can you do?
heavy exercise must be observed
what is the heat for yellow flag and what can you do?
heavy workout must stop for unacclimatized personnel
what is the heat for red and what can you do?
physical training halted. acclimatized personnel may perform limited activity not to exceed 6 hours a day
what is the heat for black and what can you do?
90 and above
what is the human core temp?
what are the ways heat can leave you body?
what are the bodys most efficient radiators?
head and neck
heat loss through head 50 percent at 40 F and 75 percent at 5 F
what is conductive heat loss?
heat is lost through touching of other material
what is convection?
when wind moves the thin layer of warm air away from your body
what is frostbite?
freezing of the flesh
caused when the body restricts blood flow to appendages to conserve core heat
what are the different severity/temps for hypothermia?
severe=less than 86
what acronym do you use for treating cold weather injuries?
keep it clean
wear clothing loosely and in layers
keep it dry
what are the objectives for casualty care?
treatment of casualty
prevention of additional casualties
completion of mission
what type of casualties should you stop to treat right away?
pulseless, non breathing
coma or shock
what needs to happen before any casualty is treated?
how long without oxygen will cause very likely brain damage and irreversible brain damage?
10 or more min
what is the number one cause of preventable death on the battlefield?
what assessment do you use when you first show up to a casualty?
what are the four basic lifesaving steps?
check for breathing
check for signs of circulation
treat for shock
what do you conduct in secondary survey?
secondary assessment- prepare casualty for transport
head to toe assessment (DCAP_BTLS)
what does DCAP-BTLS stand for?
whats are the 9 diagnostic signs?
level of consciousness
ability to move
reaction to pain
what are the 3 categories a casualty will fall under?
urgent- severe injury threatening to life or limb
priority- requires immediate attention but is not threatening to life or limb
routine- treated last. non life threatening. or dead
what is triage?
to prioritize certain casualties
what is the nomenclature of the an/pvs-14
monocular night vision device
what is the range and field view of the an/pvs-14?
150 m starlight
300 m moonlight
what is the range for the peq 15?
less then 2000