exam 2 phase 1 2
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how high can a pyro go?
what are the distances for an m203?
- point target 150
- area target 350
- min engage dis 31m
how far must the round travel out of an m203 before being armed?
what are the ranges of an at4?
- max 2100
- max ef 300
- min training 50
- min combat 10
- arming 10
what identifies a 40 mm he dual purpose m203 round?
- green middle tip
- gold tip with white marking
what color band does a 40 mm star parachute have?
what color does a cs 40 mm have?
what are the rates of a iar?
- cyclic 700-900
- sustained 36 om at 95 degrees f
what are the ranges of iar?
- point target 550
- area target 700 m
- max 3938 yd
what is an abrasion?
- loss of portion of epidermis
- oozing blood
what is a laceration?
anything that will cut the skin in a jagged manor
what is an incision?
a cut with a clean edge
what is an avulsion?
cut where there is a piece of skin flapping
what are the 3 level of burns?
- 1st- limited to most superficial layer of the epidermis and redding skin
- 2nd- partial thickness cause damage to but not through dermis and blisters
- 3rd- destroy skin and can be life threatening
what are the 3 types of burns?
- thermal- caused by heat
what are the two different families of poisonous snakes?
- crotalidae which is hemotoxic
- elapidae which is neurotoxic ni extreme pain
what are things you should look for on a snake?
- arrangement of teeth
- sensory pits
- shape of head
- shape of eyes
what are different types of heat casualties?
- prickly heat rash
- fungus infection- leave open sores on feet and groin
- heat cramps- considered to produce a heat casualty
- heat exhaustion
- heat stroke- most serious
what are heat cramps cause by?
lack of electrolytes
what is heat exhaustion caused by?
pooling of blood in the capillaries close to the surface of the skin
what is a heat stroke?
shut down of the bodys regulatory mechanism
what is the main difference between heat exhaustion and heat stoke?
during heat stroke the victim will not sweat and will have hot, dry, flushed skin. temps may range from 104 to 108
what are the 3 ways to prevent heat cases?
- clothing- loose and full coverage
- command attention
what is the wet bulb globe temp index?
is our source for determining heat conditions
what are the 4 environmental factors that make up the wbgt?
- air movement
- air temp
- relative humidity
- radiant heat
what are the different flag conditions?
what is the heat for a green flag and what can you do?
- heavy exercise must be observed
what is the heat for yellow flag and what can you do?
- heavy workout must stop for unacclimatized personnel
what is the heat for red and what can you do?
- physical training halted. acclimatized personnel may perform limited activity not to exceed 6 hours a day
what is the heat for black and what can you do?
what is the human core temp?
what are the ways heat can leave you body?
- wind chill
- water chill
what are the bodys most efficient radiators?
- head and neck
- heat loss through head 50 percent at 40 F and 75 percent at 5 F
what is conductive heat loss?
heat is lost through touching of other material
what is convection?
when wind moves the thin layer of warm air away from your body
what is frostbite?
- freezing of the flesh
- caused when the body restricts blood flow to appendages to conserve core heat
what are the different severity/temps for hypothermia?
- severe=less than 86
what acronym do you use for treating cold weather injuries?
- keep it clean
- avoid overheating
- wear clothing loosely and in layers
- keep it dry
what are the objectives for casualty care?
- treatment of casualty
- prevention of additional casualties
- completion of mission
what type of casualties should you stop to treat right away?
- pulseless, non breathing
- massive bleeding
- coma or shock
what needs to happen before any casualty is treated?
how long without oxygen will cause very likely brain damage and irreversible brain damage?
what is the number one cause of preventable death on the battlefield?
what assessment do you use when you first show up to a casualty?
what are the four basic lifesaving steps?
- open airway
- check for breathing
- check for signs of circulation
- treat for shock
what do you conduct in secondary survey?
- secondary assessment- prepare casualty for transport
- head to toe assessment (DCAP_BTLS)
what does DCAP-BTLS stand for?
whats are the 9 diagnostic signs?
- blood pressure
- skin color
- level of consciousness
- ability to move
- reaction to pain
what are the 3 categories a casualty will fall under?
- urgent- severe injury threatening to life or limb
- priority- requires immediate attention but is not threatening to life or limb
- routine- treated last. non life threatening. or dead
what is triage?
to prioritize certain casualties
what is the nomenclature of the an/pvs-14
monocular night vision device
what is the range and field view of the an/pvs-14?
- 150 m starlight
- 300 m moonlight
- 40 degrees
what is the range for the peq 15?
less then 2000
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