Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Test Chapter Four

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Virginia College - Pearson Medical Terminology - Test Chapter Four
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2014-06-01 16:59:50
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Test Chapter 4 - MED1010 - Pearson Medical Terminology Complete
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  1. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  2. anter/o
    front
  3. brachi/o
    arm
  4. cardi/o
    heart
  5. caud/o
    tail
  6. cephal/o
    head
  7. cervic/o
    neck
  8. condr/i
    gristle, cartilage
  9. cran/o, crani/o
    skull
  10. cyt/o
    cell
  11. dist/o
    distant
  12. dors/o
    back
  13. femor/o
    thigh
  14. gastr/o
    stomach
  15. glute/o
    buttock
  16. hom/o, home/o
    same
  17. ili/o
    flank, hip, groin
  18. infer/o
    below
  19. inguin/o
    groin
  20. later/o
    side
  21. lumb/o
    loin, lower back
  22. medi/o
    middle
  23. organ/o
    tool
  24. pelv/o
    bowl, basin
  25. physi/o
    nature
  26. pleur/o
    pleura, rib
  27. poster/o
    back
  28. proxim/o
    near
  29. super/o
    above
  30. thorac/o
    chest, thorax
  31. tom/o
    to cut
  32. umbilic/o
    navel, umbilicus
  33. ventr/o
    belly
  34. erect posture with face forward, arms at sides, palms of the hands facing foreward, and legs together with the feet pointing forward is known as the _____________ position.
    anatomical
  35. superior
    towards the head end or upper part of the body,
  36. inferior
    away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body
  37. anterior or ventral
    towards the front or belly side
  38. posterior or dorsal
    towards the back
  39. medial
    towards the midline, the imaginary verticle line down the middle of the body
  40. lateral
    towards the side
  41. superficial
    exteral, towards the surface
  42. deep
    internal, inward from the surface of the body
  43. proximal
    closer to the attachment to the trunk
  44. distal
    farther away from the attachment to the trunk
  45. frontal or coronal plane
    vertical plan passing through the body from top to bottom and side to side, dividing the body in to anterior and posterior (front and back) portions. MEMORY AID Frontal (front and back) Coronal (halos are caronas, they sit straight up on a saint like the coronal plane)
  46. sagittal, midsagittal and parasagittal planes
    vertical plane passing from top to bottom and front to back dividing the body into left and right portions, midsagittal is equal portions, parasagittal is unequal portions
  47. transverse or horizontal plane
    horizontal plane passing horizontally through the body dividing it into superior and inferior portions
  48. the two main cavities
    dorsal and ventral
  49. what two cavities are in the dorsal cavity
    cranial and spinal
  50. what two cavities divide the ventral cavity
    thoracic and abdominopelvic
  51. what divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
    the diaphram
  52. what are the two cavities found in the thoracic cavity
    pericardial and pleural
  53. what are the two cavities found in the abdominopelvic cavity
    abdominal and pelvic
  54. which cavity contains the lungs
    pleural
  55. which cavity contains the brain
    cranial
  56. which cavity contains the spine
    spinal
  57. which cavity contains the heart
    pericardial
  58. which cavity contains the liver, stomach, pancreas, spleen, and most of the large adn smal intestines
    abdominal
  59. which cavity contains the urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs, and part of the large and small intestines
    pelvic cavity
  60. refers to the study of the nature of living things
    physiology
  61. the area of the abdomen
    abdominal
  62. below the cartilage
    hypochondriac
  63. pertaining to around the heart
    pericardial
  64. literally means pertaining to a bowl or basin, describing this bowl
    pelvic
  65. the science or study of disease
    pathology
  66. -gnosis
    knowledge
  67. what is a symptom
    cannot be measured... faintness, pressure, tingling, hot, cold
  68. what is a sign
    can be measured... temperature, break, rash, laceration
  69. disease of short duration with a sharp effect... heart attack, migraine, head cold
    acute
  70. disease with a long duration... asthma, psoriasis, paralysis
    chronic
  71. a disease brought on by an organism such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
    infection
  72. a disease caused by physical injury
    trauma
  73. a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
    prognosis
  74. pro/gnosis = prognosis
    before knowledge
  75. endoscopy
    the process of viewing within
  76. CT scan
    computed tomography, combines multiple x-rays and computer enhancement to produce three dimensional images of internal body structures
  77. PET scan
    positron emission tomography, tracks the path of radioactive substances as they travel through the body to identify areas with high metabolic rates (such as tumors)
  78. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging, the clearest, most complete images of internal anatomy
  79. ultrasound
    pulsation and detection of harmless
  80. identification of an illness
    diagnosis
  81. maintaining internal stability
    homeostasis
  82. common synonym of CAT scan
    CT scan
  83. of long duration
    chronic
  84. the study of disease
    pathology
  85. a disease of short duration
    acute
  86. divides the body into superior and inferior portions
    transverse or horizontal plane
  87. body cavity inferior to the diaphram
    abdominopelvic cavity
  88. procedure using a long flexible tube
    endoscopy
  89. term for a finding following an objective examination
    sign
  90. formed from similarly grouped cells
    tissues
  91. area of the chest
    thoracic region
  92. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  93. on top of the stomach
    epigastric
  94. pertaining to the lung
    pleural
  95. divides the body vertically into right and left portions
    sagittal plane
  96. pertaining to the navel
    umbilical
  97. a common cause of disease
    infection
  98. study of body structure
    anatomy
  99. study of nature
    physiology
  100. pertaining to the back
    dorsal
  101. pertaining to the belly
    ventral
  102. pertaining to above
    superior
  103. pertaining to the front
    anterior
  104. pertaining to the middle
    medial
  105. pertaining to below
    inferior
  106. region of below the stomach
    hypogastric
  107. region of the loin
    lumbar
  108. cavity that contains the heart
    pericardial
  109. cavity that contains the urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs, and parts of the small and large intestines
    pelvic

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