how many grams per serving of grains is from carbohydrates?
how many grams per serving of vegetables is from carbohydrates?
how many grams per serving of fruits is fom carbohydrates?
how many grams per serving of dairy is from carbohydrates?
sweeteners are dividing into what two catagories?
nutritive sweeteners and alternative sweeteners
nutritive sweeteners provide...
calories for the body
alternative sweeteners provide
for the most part, no calories
alternative sweeteners are more/less sweet per gram than nutritive sweeteners
sugar alcohols have limited
high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is made by...
an enzymatic process that converts glucose in cornstach into fructose, (sweeter than glucose)
HFCS contains what percentage of fructose?
sucorse contains what percentage of fructose?
HFCS is preferable to manufacturers because...
it is easy to transport, has better shelf-stability and impores food properties.
name other sugars added to foods
brown sugar, turbinado sugar(raw sugar) honey, maple syrup
honey is a product of plant nectar that has been altered by
the bee enzymes break down much of he nectar's sucrose into..
fructose and glucose
Honey offers basically the same nutritional value as other ..
simle sugars - a source of energy and little else.
Honey is not safe for infants because..
it contains spores of Clostridium botulinum(fatal food-borne illness)
Infants stomach does not produce much ___ unlike an adults.
name two sugar alcohols
sorbitol and xylitol
sugar alcohols are used as ..
sugar alcohols contribute fewer calories than sugars. How many kcal per gram
2.6 kcal per gram
sugar alcohols are absorbed and metabolized to glucose faster/slower than simple sugars.
because sugar alcohols are metabolized to glucose very slowly, they remain in the intestinal tract for ___ time and in large quantities can cause ___
any product that has 50 grams or more of sugar alcohol but have the labeling "__"
Excess consumption may have a laxative effect
sugar alcohols are used in..
sugarless gum, breath mints, and candy
sugar alcohols are not readily metabolized by bacteria to acids in the mouth and thus do...
not promote tooth decay
sucrose metabolizes by bacteria to acids in the mouth so it
promotes tooth decay
neotame is heat stable which means..
you can use it is cooking applications, yet also as a table top sweetener
neotame is approved in..
baked goods, nonalcoholic beverages (soft drinks) cheving gum, frostings, frozen desserts, gelatins and puddings, jams, jellies processed fruits and fruit juices, toppings, and syrups.
neotame is safe for...
children, pregnant and lactating women, and diabetics
disease caused by a defect in the liver's ability to metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine into the amino acid tyrosine; untreated , toxic by products of phenylalanine build up in the body and lead to meantl retardation.
Acesulfame-k. the K stands for...
also goes by..
unlike aspartame, ___ can be used in baking because it does not lose its sweetness when heated.