psychology - week 8 - chapter 7

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psychology - week 8 - chapter 7
2014-06-01 10:58:09

exam prep week 8 - chapter 7 - memory
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  1. sensory representations store information (memories) in a:
    sensory mode - smell, hearing, seeing
  2. verbal representations store information (memories) in:
    word form
  3. Three memory stores include:
    • sensory memory
    • short-term memory
    • long-term memory
  4. working memory is:
    the temporary storage and processing of information that can be used to solve problems, respond to the environment or achieve goals.
  5. most contemporary model of memory distinguish between:
    visual store and verbal store
  6. varieties of long-term memory include:
    • declarative memory - memory for facts and events
    • procedural memory - refers to 'how to' knowledge or procedures or skills
    • explicit memory - needs conscious recollection
    • implicit memory - memory that is expressed in behaviour
    • everyday memory - memory as it occurs in daily life
  7. Mnemonic devices are:
    systematic strategies for remembering information
  8. networks of association are:
    • clusters of information that are interconnected with eachother
    • e.g. dog - fur - bark - mammal - cat - cow

  9. Memory errors can occur due to many reasons:
    • transience - memories fade
    • absent-mindedness - failure to remember something when attention is elsewhere
    • misattribution - misremembering¬†
    • suggestibility - thinking we remember something when someone actually implanted that in our minds by telling stories
    • bias - distortions of the way we recall events in a way we would rather remember it
    • persistence - memories we wish we could forget but they keep coming back
    • forgetting - inability to remember
  10. forgetting can be because of:
    decay, interference, and motivated forgetting/forgetting for a reason.
  11. short term memory lasts:
    20-30 seconds
  12. flashbulb memories is defined as:
    vivid memories of exciting or highly consequential events
  13. anterograde amnesia is:
    • the inability to retain new memories
    • usually caused by damage to the temporal lobe
  14. retrograde amnesia is:
    losing memories from a period before the time the persons brain was damaged.