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- adj: based on observation or experiment
- Our data is based on empirical evidence collected in numerous studies.
- adj: mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
- noun form: enigma
- After I did a little research, the subject of metaphysics was no longer so enigmatic to me.
- adj: brief, fleeting
- Because of her ephemeral memory, she forgets things all the time!
- adj: intended for or understood by a small, specific group
- The medical research was so esoteric that only a few physicians could actually understand the results.
- noun: a speech honoring the dead
- verb form: eulogize
- he delivered a moving eulogy at his father's funeral
- verb: to remove blame
- The job of the defense attorney is to exonerate his clients and keep them out of jail.
- adj: playful; humorous
- Do you always have to be so facetious?
- noun: an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
- adj form: fallacious
- Having money makes you happy is a fallacy because happiness has nothing to do with wealth.
- adj: marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
- Students who cheat on tests employ their furtive tactics to avoid getting caught.
- adj: sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
- If you want to be more approachable, show a gregarious smile.
- verb/noun: to deliver a pompous speech or tirade; a long, pompous speech
- As usual, the priest made his usual harangue about the dangers of listening to rap music.
- adj: violating accepted dogma or convention
- noun form: heresy
- men holding heretical opinions were condemned to the stake, women to be buried alive.
- noun: an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
- adj form: hyperbolic
- Because Janice was a drama queen, she used a hyperbole in practically every sentence.
- adj: lacking funds; without money
- The sorry appearance of the unpaid letter suggested the impecunious condition of its author.
- adj: beginning to come into being or to become apparent
- The best way to stop the disease from spreading is by identifying it while it is incipient.
- v.to prevent by anticipatory measures; to make unnecessary:
- An example of to obviate is to eliminate the need for a surgery with a new treatment.
- The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery.
- v.to close or shut off; to obstruct (n: occlusion)
- An example of occlude is hiding a gift for someone behind your back.
- An example of occlude is shutting a window to keep a bee outside.
- a blood clot had occluded a major artery in his body
- adj.not transparent or transluscent; dense; difficult to comprehend, as inopaque reasoning
- An example of opaque is the quality of a black sheet of paper.
- An example of opaque is the study of astrophysics.
- somehow listeners seem to connect with the songwriter, despite his deeply personal, often opaque lyrics