13. Impressionism is interested in capturing objective representations of the natural world (an empirical approach). Post-Impressionism, on the other hand, is interested in a subjective representation (expressing feelings and emotions). Compare CLAUDE MONET’S Impression Sunrise, 1872 (example of Impressionism; below - top) with PAUL GAUGUIN’S, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? 1897 (example of Post-Impressionism; below – bottom).
The Post-Impressionists rejected Impressionism’s concern with the spontaneous and naturalistic rendering of light and color.Post-Impressionists also believed that color could be independent from form and composition as an emotional and aesthetic bearer of meaning.
They painted contemporary landscapes and scenes of modern life, especially of bourgeois leisure and recreation, instead of drawing on past art or historical and mythological narrative for their inspiration. Interested in capturing transitory moments, the Impressionists paid attention to the fleeting effect of light, atmosphere and movement.