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What is the normal range for pH?
7.35 - 7.45
What is the normal range for CO2?
35 - 45
What is the normal range for HCO3?
22 - 26
What is the normal range for PaO2?
80 - 100 mmHg
What is the normal range of SaO2?
What is the normal range of Na+?
135 - 145 mEq/L
What is the normal range of K+?
3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
What is the normal range of Glucose?
80 - 120 mg/dL
What is the Urine output Chart?
- Infant 2cc/kg/hr
- Child 1cc/kg/hr
- Adult 0.5cc/kg/hr
- Average urine output for adult is 30 - 50cc/hr
What is Osmolarity?
Measure of solute concentration
What is normal serum osmolality?
280 - 295 mOsm/L
What is the method to remember profound anion gap acidosis?
What are the underlying causes of MUDPILES?
- Propylene Glycol
- Isoniazid (INH)/Iron
- Ethylene Glycol
What are the offending agents in MUDPILES?
- M - ETOH poisoning
- U - Kidney failure
- D - Diabetic Ketoacidosis
- P - Liquid agent used in Diazepam/Lorazepam
- I - TB Meds / Iron Supp
- L - From anaerobic metabolism
- E - Antifreeze
- S - Aspirin
What are the treatments for MUDPILES?
- M - IV Ethanol(ETOH) or Fomepizole
- U - Dialysis
- D - IV Fluid Res & Insulin
- P - Flumazenil
- I - INH - Pyridoxine & Iron - Deferoxamin
- L - Correct inadequate tissue perfusion
- E - IV Ethanol (ETOH) or Fomepizole
- S - Bicarb/Dialysis
Anion Gap =
(Na+) - (Cl + HCO3-)
If Anion Gap is ≥ 16 the patient has what