adj.relying upon doctrine or dogma, as opposed to evidence
An example of dogmatic is insisting that a feminist view is the one and only way to look at literature.
She's become so dogmatic lately that arguing with her is pointless.
adj.selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources:
"Many modern decorators prefer an eclectic style." (n: eclecticism)
n.effectiveness; capability to produce a desired effect
An example of efficacy is when a crime bill is effective at stopping crime.
questioned the efficacy of the alarms in actually preventing auto theft
adj., nthe quality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n: effluence)
An example of effluent is sewage dumped into the Mississippi river.
The factory has been accused of discharging effluent into the river.
adj., n.softening; something that softens
Aloe cream that you put on sunburned skin is an example of an emollient cream.
An approach to resolving conflict intended to create a peace treaty that will end a war between two fighting countries is an example of an emollient approach.
v.to strive to equal or excel (n: emulation)
An example of emulate is a little boy trying to be like his father.
She grew up emulating her sports heroes.
n.a formal eulogy or speech of praise
An example of an encomium is the speech given to the recipient of a service award presented each year by a town’s city hall.
the encomiums bestowed on a teacher at her retirement ceremonies
adj.prevalent in or native to a certain region, locality, or people:
"The disease was endemic to the region." Don't confuse this word with epidemic.
v.to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of:
"The heat enervated everyone."
v.to give rise to, to propagate, to cause:
"His slip of the tongue engendered much laughter."
"Math is an enigma to me."
adj.lasting for only a brief time, fleeting (n: ephemera)
An example of ephemeral is a plant blossom that only lasts one day.
the autumnal blaze of colors is always to be treasured, all the more so because it is so ephemeral
adj.ambiguous; unclear; subject to more than one interpretation -- often intentionally so:
"Republicans complained that Bill Clinton's answers were equivocal."
adj.scholarly; displaying deep intensive learning. (n: erudition)
An example of erudite is a professor of literature.
the most erudite people in medical research attended the conference
adj.intended for or understood by only a few:
"The esoteric discussion confused some people."
n.a spoken or written tribute to the deceased (v. eulogize)
An example of a eulogy is a tribute given about someone at a funeral Mass.
He delivered a moving eulogy at his father's funeral.
v.to increase the bitterness or violence of; to aggravate:
"The decision to fortify the border exacerbated tensions."
v.to demonstrate or prove to be blameless:
"The evidence tended to exculpate the defendant."
adj.exceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in quantity or price:
"The cab fare was exorbitant."
adj.fully and clearly expressed
An example of explicit is someone giving very straightforward directions to a location.
They were given explicit instructions.
adj.in existence, still existing:
"The only extant representative of that species."
n., v.a measure of length (six feet) used in nautical settings. to penetrate to the depths of something in order to understand it:
"I couldn't fathom her reasoning on that issue."
v.to seek favor or attention; to act subserviently (n, adj: fawning)
An example of to fawn is how a young girl acts towards a boy she likes.
a student who could not wait to fawn over the new teacher
v.to give false appearance or impression:
"He feigned illness to avoid going to school." (adj: feigned)
adj.highly emotional; hot:
"The partisans displayed a fervent patriotism."
n., adj.a baby bird; an inexperienced person; inexperienced.
A company that has just opened its doors and gone into business is an example of a fledgling.
at hockey he's still a fledgling and needs to work on his basic skating skills
adj.flushed with a rosy color, as in complexion; very ornate and flowery:
An example of someone who would be described as florid is a red-faced, flushed runner whose face has turned red with exertion.
gave a florid speech in honor of the queen's visit
"We tried to save the floundering business."
adj.verbose; talkative; rambling:
"We tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor."
n., adj.fine cobweb on foliage; fine gauzy fabric; very fine:
"She wore a gossamer robe."
"He was well known for his guile."
(v. bequile; adj: beguiling. Note, however, that these two words have an additional meaning: to charm (v.) or charming (adj:), while the word guile does not generally have any such positive connotations)
adj.honest; straightforward (n: guilelessness)
An example of someone who is guileless is an honest and innocent girl who just arrived in a big city and who believes that everyone is as honest and good as she.
she was an easygoing, guileless young woman who was comfortable just being herself
An example of hapless is someone who seems to break everything they touch.
She plays the hapless heroine who is unlucky in love.
adj., adv.headfirst; impulsive; hasty. impulsively; hastily; without forethought:
"They rushed headlong into marriage."
adj.similar in nature or kind; uniform:
"a homogeneous society."
n.one who attacks traditional ideas or institutions or one who destroys sacred images (adj: iconoclastic)
An example of an iconoclast is someone who destroys pictures of Jesus.
An example of an iconoclast is someone who protests against democracy in the U.S.
notorious as an iconoclast, that music critic isn't afraid to go after sacred cows
An example of impecunious is someone living on the street.
they were so impecunious that they couldn't afford to give one another even token Christmas gifts
An example of imperious is a demand by a new house guest that you go to the store and buy him the type of drink he enjoys.
an imperious little boy who liked to tell the other scouts what to do
n.insinuation or connotation (v. implicate)
An example of implication is the policeman connecting a person to a crime even though there is no evidence.
I'm offended by his implication that women can't be good at mathematics.
v.to suggest indirectly; to entail:
"She implied she didn't believe his story." (n: implication)
n.an absence of foresight; a failure to provide for future needs or events:
"Their improvidence resulted in the loss of their home."
adj.in an initial or early stage; incomplete; disorganized:
"The act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts."
adj.not capable of being corrected:
"The school board finally decided the James was incorrigible and expelled him from school."
adj.permanent; unerasable; strong:
"The Queen made an indelible impression on her subjects."
adj.undescribable; inexpressible in words; unspeakable
An example of ineffable is overwhelming sadness that one does not know how to show.
An example of ineffable is the name of a deity that cannot be said out of respect.
an ineffable beauty descends upon the canyon as the sun begins to set
"New genetic evidence led some zoologists to infer that the red wolf is actually a hybrid of the coyote and the gray wolf."
"She developed an ingenious method for testing her hypothesis."(n: ingenuity)