Psy 312 Chapter 1

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Psy 312 Chapter 1
2014-06-06 23:15:20

Ed psych exam 1
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  1. Define Educational Psychology
    a scientific discipline that uses psychological constructs and research methods to understand how the various characteristics of students, teachers, learning tasks, and educational settings interact to produce the everyday behaviors we see in school settings
  2. How will learning about educational psychology help you be a better teacher?
    1. Teaching is a complex enterprise; 2. Research can inform teachers; 3. Coursework and competence
  3. Teaching is a complex enterprise
    Teaching is in top quartile on complexity for all occupations; they are responsible for diverse populations with varied needs; constantly making decisions; need to be knowledgeable and have a wide range of skills
  4. Research in Ed Psych informs teaching
    put on 4x6
  5. Coursework and Competence
    teachers who have had relevant coursework in education and psychology are likely to be more competent and satisfied with their training than teachers who lack such coursework
  6. Limitations of Non-Scientific Observation
    1. May draw false conclusions because particular beliefs or experiences are simply assumed to be true; alternative explanations are not considered or idiosyncratic factors are given too much importance; retaining students
  7. Strengths of Scientific Observation
    put on 4x6
  8. Grade retention
    retaining students in a grade is an example of a practice that results from non-scientific observation
  9. Complicating factors in the study of behavior and thought processes
    1. The limited focus of research; 2. The complexity of teaching and learning; 3. Selection and Interpretation of Data; 4. New findings mean revised ideas
  10. Teaching as an art and science
    The artistic scholar strides a balance between the art and science of teaching by using research findings as ideas that might be applicable to a particular group of students at a particular point in time
  11. Reflective teaching/ Reflective teachers
    1. Make extensive use of formative assessment to generate information on which to reflect; 2. Have an introspective orientation, are open-minded but questioning, take responsibility for their decisions and actions; 3. Are able to use compelling evidence in support of a decision
  12. compelling evidence
    published, scientific data