chapter 1 radiography

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chapter 1 radiography
2014-08-20 19:52:37
chapter radiography

chapter 1 radiography
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  1. ASRT stand for
    american society of radiologic technologists

    Professional Organization that provides continuing education and journals
  2. JRCERT stands for
    joint review committee on education in radiologic technology

    National Accrediting Body for Colleges

    In 2012, just started accrediting LXMO programs
  3. angiography
    imaging of blood vessels with the injection of special compounds called contrast media
  4. bone densitometry (BD)
    is the art and science of measuring the bone mineral content and density of specific skeletal sites or the whole body
  5. computed tomography (CT)
    computerized x-ray system that provides axial images (transverse slices) of all parts of the body
  6. fluoroscopy
    real-time viewing of x-ray images in motion
  7. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    computerized imaging system that uses a powerful magnetic field and radiofrequency pulses to produce images of all parts of the body
  8. mammography
    x-ray imaging of the breast using a special x-ray machine
  9. nuclear medicine (NM)
    injection or ingestion of radioactive materials and recording or their uptake in the body using a gamma camera
  10. radiation therapy
    treatment of cancers malignant diseases using radiation
  11. sonography
    imaging of soft tissue structures using sound echoes sound waves. this modality is also referred to as "ultrasound"
  12. limited x-ray
    is practiced primarily in clinics and physician offices
  13. anesthesiologist
    administers anesthetics and monitors patient during surgery
  14. dermatologist
    diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the skin
  15. emergency department physician
    specializes in treating trauma and emergency situations; triage expert in disaster situations
  16. family practice physician
    treats individuals and families in the context of daily life
  17. gastroenterologist
    diagnoses and treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  18. geriatrician
    specializes in problems and diseases of elderly persons
  19. gynecologist
    treats problems and diseases of the female reproductive system
  20. internist
    specializes in diseases of the internal organs
  21. neurologist
    specializes in functions and disorders of the nervous system
  22. obstetrician
    specializes in pregnancy , labor , delivery , and immediate postpartum care
  23. ophthalmologist
    diagnoses and treats problems and diseases of the eye
  24. pathologist
    specializes in the scientific study of body alterations caused by disease and death
  25. pediatrician
    treats and diagnoses disorders and diseases in children
  26. podiatrist
    medical doctor who diagnoses and treats disorders of the feet
  27. psychiatrist
    specializes in diagnosis , treatment and prevention of mental illness
  28. radiologist
    specializes in diagnosis by means of medical imaging
  29. abdominal
    specializes in surgery of the abdominal cavity
  30. neurologic
    specializes in surgery of the brain , spinal cord , and peripheral nervous system
  31. orthopedic
    diagnoses and treat problems of the musculoskeletal system
  32. plastic
    restores or improves the appearance and function of body parts
  33. thoracic
    specializes in problems of the chest
  34. urologic
    diagnoses ad treats problems of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system
  35. chiropractic specialties
    specialty certification is available to chiropractic physicians in the fields of radiology , orthopedics (non surgical ) neurology , nutrition , sports medicine , and other fields
  36. ARRT stands for:
    American Registry of Radiologic Technologist

    Credentialing Body that gives licensing exam
  37. How the 3 Organizations Work Together (ARRT, JRCERT, ASRT
    Student attends a JRCERT accredited program

    Complete a comprehensive curriculum developed by the ASRT

    Upon graduation, take a certification exam given by the ARRT
  38. Limited Operator
    Person who receives training to perform a limited variety of x-ray exams
  39. Radiographer
    • Person who is certified and qualified to use x-rays, radioactive substances, and
    • radiation therapy to diagnose and treat disease
  40. Radiologist
    • A physician specialist who interprets radiographic images and performs special
    • imaging procedures
  41. LXMO stands for:
    Limited X-ray Machine Operator
  42. LXMO (Limited X-ray Medical Operators)
    Regulated by each State’s Department of Health

    Does not use contrast media for blood vessels or abdominal organs

    Each state has different regulations

    • Practicing outside scope of practice can result in fines, imprisonment, suspended, or
    • revoked license, and/or all the above

    Each operator’s responsibility to know the State’s regulations
  43. LXMO (limited x-ray medical operators) continued
    • Practice in clinics and doctor offices
    • Most are also trained as Medical Assistants

    Areas of Practice

    • Front Desk
    • Public area
    • Reception desk
    • Billing and medical records

    • Back Desk
    • LXMO is considered back desk employee
    • Location of patient exams
    • Laboratory
    • X-ray suite
  44. Duties of the LXMO ( limited x-ray medical operator)
    Receives order for exam and completes necessary paperwork

    Introduces self to patient and verifies correct exam and correct patient

    Directs to dressing room

    Give brief explanation of exam

    Answer any questions about the exam

    Assist the patient to the correct position
  45. Duties of the LXMO ( limited x-ray medical operator) continued
    Align the equipment

    Shield the patient

    Set the technique for the appropriate exposure

    Give the final instructions for the exposure

    After exposure, ensure patient comfort

    Process Images

    Send images to Radiologist

    Send patient to dressing room to re-dress
  46. ARRT Exam
    LXMO Exam is the same for all States that require certification Computer exam at an approved site

    Limited Scope of Practice in Radiography

    Can view handbook @ www.

    Core Module is 100 questions

    Procedures are 90 Questions total and include:

    • Chest
    • Skull/sinus
    • Spine
    • Extremities
  47. ARRT Exam continue
    • Abdomen
    • Pelvis
    • Hips
    • Sternum

    • Contrast media studies such as:
    • Stomach,Colon, and Kidneys
  48. Discovery of X-Rays
    Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen

    November 8, 1895

    Experimenting with vacuum tube

    1st radiograph was Roentgen’s wife’s hand