Population Health 2
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What are the two aims of population health?
- 1. To reduce health inequalities.
- 2. To address a wide range of factors impacting on health.
- The coming together of groups.
- Less difference between groups.
- "Narrowing the gap."
The medical conception of pathological abnormality, which is indicated by a set of igns and symptoms.
The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and determinants.
Longitudinal Cohort Study
A study repeated over time with people with the same characteristics.
- Tests hypothesised cause and effects.
- Primarily measures effeciveness.
What is the biomedical definition of health? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this perception of health?
"Health is the absence or dis-ease or infirmity"
ADVANTAGES: Easy for professionals to assess.
DISADVANTAGES: Narrow minded; focusses on curing, not prevention; 1-dimensional; focus in purely on physical health.
What is the WHO definition of health? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this perception of health?
"Health is not merely absence of dis-ease, but a state of complete physical, mental, spiritual, and social well-being."
ADVANTAGES: Holistic view; broad; multi-dimensional.
DISADVANTAGES: Hard for professionals to assess; timely to assess.
What is 'Rate of Loss'?
The degree of change over an interval.
Any finding that has the capacity for change.
Total # of cases within a population at a specific time.
The # of times an event occurs.
The likelihood that an event will occur again.
- Trends becoming more different.
- Results in greater inequality.
- Losing subjects over the course of time.
- Subjects start, but don't finish.
Suggesting that there is a relationship or pattern in results.
A preliminary test or study.
The effects of different levels of exposure to a stress.
Dividing a population into groups.
Any factor that causes a systematic error in your results or findings.
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