Population Health 2

Card Set Information

Population Health 2
2014-06-07 20:52:43
population health populationhealth

Population health definitions
Show Answers:

  1. What are the two aims of population health?
    • 1. To reduce health inequalities.
    • 2. To address a wide range of factors impacting on health.
  2. Convergence
    • The coming together of groups.
    • Less difference between groups.
    • "Narrowing the gap."
  3. Dis-ease
    The medical conception of pathological abnormality, which is indicated by a set of igns and symptoms.
  4. Health Promotion
    The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and determinants.
  5. Longitudinal Cohort Study
    A study repeated over time with people with the same characteristics.
  6. Intervention Study.
    • Tests hypothesised cause and effects.
    • Primarily measures effeciveness.
  7. What is the biomedical definition of health? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this perception of health?
    "Health is the absence or dis-ease or infirmity"

    ADVANTAGES: Easy for professionals to assess.

    DISADVANTAGES: Narrow minded; focusses on curing, not prevention; 1-dimensional; focus in purely on physical health.
  8. What is the WHO definition of health? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this perception of health?
    "Health is not merely absence of dis-ease, but a state of complete physical, mental, spiritual, and social well-being."

    ADVANTAGES: Holistic view; broad; multi-dimensional.

    DISADVANTAGES: Hard for professionals to assess; timely to assess.
  9. What is 'Rate of Loss'?
    The degree of change over an interval.
  10. Variable
    Any finding that has the capacity for change.
  11. Prevalence
    Total # of cases within a population at a specific time.
  12. Frequence
    The # of times an event occurs.
  13. Probability
    The likelihood that an event will occur again.
  14. Divergence
    • Trends becoming more different.
    • Results in greater inequality.
  15. Attrition
    • Losing subjects over the course of time.
    • Subjects start, but don't finish.
  16. Correlation
    Suggesting that there is a relationship or pattern in results.
  17. Pilot Study
    A preliminary test or study.
  18. Dose Response
    The effects of different levels of exposure to a stress.
  19. Stratification
    Dividing a population into groups.
  20. Bias
    Any factor that causes a systematic error in your results or findings.