Poultry Last Half of Class

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  1. Rules for establishing the maximum hours of light in the lay house
    • Hours of light on longest day of the year (June 21)+1=
    • Hours of light on the day pullets reach 18 weeks + 2
    • Use the larger number of hours of light
  2. Advantages of intermittent lighting:
    • Reduced power bill
    • Potential for feed savings
    • Potential for reduced mortality (cannibalism)
    • Control egg size
  3. As intake of calories increases, what decreases?
    • Calcium
    • Protein
  4. Molt/Molting
    Replace old plumage with new. Under natural conditions, the molt most likely will occur int he fall of the year.
  5. Induced Molting
    When a management technique or husbandry practice causes a bird to go into a molt
  6. Changes in outward characteristics when molting
    • Regression of the comb and wattles
    • Pigmentation (xanthrophyll) of the body parts
    • Loss of weight
    • Blood in the papillate of the new feathers
    • Closure of the pubic bone spread
    • Irritability/ Sensitivity
  7. What factors trigger a molt
    • Decreasing day length (hours of light)-mother nature
    • Cold temperatures-mother nature
    • Lack of feed
    • Lack of water
    • Diseases/Parasites
    • Feed toxins
    • Nutrient deficiencies
    •     salt (sodium)
    •     Limestone (calcium)
  8. Age to Molt
    • Single molt- 68 weeks
    • Double molt -1st molt 65 weeks
    •                  -2nd molt 103 weeks
  9. Molt Ration
    • Grain (i.e. corn or milo)
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Control body weight
  10. Factors that affect egg pricing
    • Supply and Demand
    • Seasonal 2 half years (October 1 to March 31 and April 1 to September 30)
    • Holidays
    • Weather
    • Diseases/New Vaccines
    • Psychological Factors (disease, salmonella, health issues)
    • Nationals Markets
    • Feed Prices 
    • Price of other commodities
  11. Diseases that are prevalent all over the world
    • Marek's Disease
    • Infectious Bursal Disease
    • Newcastle
    • Avian Encephalomyelitis
    • Fowl Pox
  12. Mareks Disease
    • Leg Paralysis and Tumors
    • Subcutaneous in back of neck
  13. Methods of Vaccine Administration
    • Water-Stock solution
    • Spray
    • Eye Drop
    • Wing Web
    • Subcutaneous
    • Intramuscular
  14. Don't vaccinate a sick bird
  15. Water Vaccination
    • Stock solution-have to use it up in 2 hours
    •    1. water
    •    2. evaporated milk (stabilizer)
    •    3. vaccine
    • Proportioner
    • Gravity flow
  16. Reasons for increased Consumption of chicken
    • Fast food
    • Health perception-white meat
    • Further processing-corn dogs, hotdogs
    • Low cost
  17. Whole Body chicken products
    • Cornish Game Hen (3-3.5 weeks)
    • Fryer/Broiler (40-44 days)
    • Roaster (8-9 weeks)
  18. What two companies have offered to buy Hillshire Farms
    • Tyson
    • Pilgrims Pride
  19. When Contract Raising the Bird Owner or Integrator is responsible for:
    • Birds
    • Feed
    • Medications
    • Litter Material
    • Brooder Fuel
    • Supervision
    • Trucking
    • Special (service labor)
  20. When Contract Raising the Contract Grower (Grower) supplies:
    • Facility (Land, building, equipment)
    • Day to day labor
    • Electricity
    • Supplies and Repairs
  21. Time required to grow broilers
    • Cornish Game Hen (3-3.5 weeks)
    • Institutional Fryer-KFC (39-40 days)
    • Retail Fryer (44 days)
    • Roaster (8-9 weeks)
  22. Rations for Broilers
    • Starter
    • Grower
    • Developer
    • Prelay
  23. Rations for Meat Birds
    • Pre starter
    • Starter
    • Grower
    • Finisher

    • Starters have high protein
    • Finishers have high Fat
  24. What type of vaccination is used for killed organisms (maintains antibodies in the blood)
    • Subcutaneous (neck)
    • Intramuscular
  25. California Turkey Producers
    • Zacky Farms
    • Foster Farms
    • Conagra
    • Louis Rich (owned by Oscar Meyer)
    • Diestel Turkeys
    • Pitman Farms
  26. Particle size of feeds
    • Fine crumbles
    • Coarse crumbles
    • Pellet

Card Set Information

Author:
kderaad
ID:
276346
Filename:
Poultry Last Half of Class
Updated:
2014-06-08 22:24:16
Tags:
ASCI 225
Folders:

Description:
Poultry Science ASCI 225
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