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How many times was Claudius married?
- 4 times
- But his first 2 marriages were neither long or significant
How do most of the sources depict Claudius regarding his wives
As submissive and totally unaware of what was going on in his own household
He "was ruled by slaves and by women... Had become himself a slave"
Children with Messalina
Britanicus and octavia
Who did Messalina work with quite alot
Narcissus' period of dominance coincided with her tenure as imperial wife
Examples of messalina's influence and power
The destruction of poppea sabina and her lover Asiaticus
The "trial" of Asiaticus
He was charged with corruption, bribery and effeminacy and was tried in a bedroom
Who was asiaticus
An immensely wealthy senator from gaul who was close to Claudius
What does the destruction of asiaticus and poppea sabina show about Messalina
- She was immensely jealous of any female rivals and that she had them killed out of jealousy and spite and was prepared to do this in anyway possible
- She used these trials as a way of getting rid of her enemies in a seemingly legitimate way
How does Claudius come across throughout the trial of asiaticus
Redundant, passive and indecisive. But not tyrannical
Why might Agrippina have poisoned Claudius
Out of fear that Claudius might change his mind and favour Britanicus as his heir and not nero
What was Agrippina granted
She was granted powers including a bodyguard and the title "augusta"
What happened in AD50
Agrippina convinced Claudius to adopt Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus and name him successor, at the expense of Britanicus
Who was Agrippina
- She was Claudius' neice
- In order to marry her Claudius had to persuade a group of senators that "a union between him and her should be compulsorily arranged in the public interest"
What freedmen helped Agrippina
Pallas helped her secure support for the marriage
How did Agrippina behave
As if she were a partner in his rule and so was able to exercise considerable influence
Tacitus quote on Messalina's death
- "the vengeance on Messalina was just. But it's consequences were grim"
- This refers to Agrippina
Who was Silius
A young handsome consul elect who entered into an Affair with Messalina in AD 47 and married her in AD 48 when I heard was away at Ostia and busy as censor
Who took control over the Silius situation
- He urged Claudius to take immediate action in and he took over control of the preatorian guard for one day
- He had Messalina killed quickly or else tacitus says "the Fatal blow would have rebounded on her accuser"
The 2Tacitus quotes on the marriage of Silius and Messalina
- "the imperial household shuddered"
- "and now ended Claudius' ignorance of his own domestic affairs "
What was Narcissus awarded
An honorary queastorship
How do we now Silius' plot was important and significant
- The prominence which tacitus accords it, although his account is probably exaggerated
- The fact that any others were executed indicate that it was a genuine and widespread coup attempt