The Treason Trials
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What was a "delatores"?
- An informer
- As rome had no public prosecutor information was brought to the senate and emperor by private individuals
What was Tactitus' main purpose of including the treason trials
To show the gradual degeneration of Tiberius' rule into tyranny
What happened if a charge was upheld
The delatores was awarded at least one quarter of the guilty persons confiscated property whilst the remaining 3 quarters went to the treasury
What was maiestas
- The définition was never precise meaning that it could be interpreted as any offence or insult offered to the princeps in deed, writing or speech
- It was a crime against the princeps himself
What do t the treason laws contradict
The principles of the old republic
What does the story of Libo Drusus show
- Tiberius' generosity with him saying that he would have saved how life if he had not killed himself.
- Shows Tiberius' refusal to go against traditional senatorial court processes or impede or over rule their power
What happened after 31AD
- Being a friend of Sejanus became a common crime
- Shows that the treason trials were more a symptom of rivalry as opposed to a "reign of terror"
What is there evidence of
That throughout his rule Tiberius tried, albeit ineffectively, to moderate such criminal accusations
What does the case of Marcus Hortensius Hortalus show
- That Tiberius wanted to keep the senate happy
- An example of the early generosity in his early reign
What does the story of Clemens show
- That many people opposed Tiberius' rule, owing to their haste to support "Agrippa Postumus"
- Also shows that Tiberius could be sneaky and indecisive; perhaps afraid of exposing himself
What does the case of Appuleia Varilla show
Tiberius' reluctance to use or involve the treason law regarding himself as this was unrepublican
Examples of Tiberius' early generosity and good character in this chapter
- Promised 10 million sesterces and abolished taxation for 5 years when Sardis was hit by an earthquake
- He refused to accept any bequests, money or land left to him by anyone he did not actually know
- He helped those who were in "honorable and unoffending poverty"
When does the treason trials chapter cover
16 to 17
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