Livia and Agrippina
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How does Tacitus describe Livia?
"an imperious mother and an aimable wife, she was a match for the diplomacy of her husband and the dissimulation of her son"
What was Livias relationship with Augustus like
She was a dutiful wife and he trusted her : they were a partnership
How does history view Livia
History has assigned her the role of the wicked stepmother who was ambitious her sons at other peoples expense
What happened in AD20
It became treasonous to speak against Livia
How did Sejanus impact livia
As time went on Tiberius tool more advice from Sejanus and less from Livia
How did tiberius react to Livia's death
He did not attend her funeral which shows how far their relationship had deteriorated
What shows the amount of influence Livia had at the beginning of Tiberius' reign
At the beginning letters were adressed to both her and Tiberius as though she were queen regent
How does Tacitus convey the true extent of Livia's influence
Her friendship raised urgulania "above the law"
What shows the deterioration of Livia and Tiberius relationship
Suetonius tells us that "he vetoed proposals to confer on her the title of Mother of her country or any notable public honour"
Tiberius' relationship with Livia according to Suetonius
- "Tiberius complained that his mother vexed him by wanting to be his co-ruler"
- "Tiberius quarrelled openly with his mother "
- And their relationship was rumoured to be the reason for his retirement to Capri in AD29
In defence of Livia...
Tiberius' withholding of excessive honorifics is consistent with what is known of his personality
How does tacitus describe Agrippina the elder
- "she was the blood of the divine Augustus"
- And that she was a "great hearted woman"
According to Tacitus, how was Agrippina referred to by the people after Germanicus' death
"the glory of her country... The only true descendent of Augustus"
What happened when livia died for Agrippina
In AD 29 Tiberius sent a letter to the senate charging Agrippina with "in subordinate language and disobedient spirit"
When did Agrippina die
What does the story of Agrippina demonstrate (3 things)
- It shows Tiberius' cruelty and brutality
- Shows the dangers one faced in speaking out publicly against Tiberius
- Also shows the extent to which Sejanus controlled and manipulated Tiberius
What happened to Agrippina and how do we know
Suetonius tells us that in punishment for her violent protests he ordered a centurion to flog her and she lost an eye
How does the story of Agrippina show Sejanus' influence
Sejanus urged Tiberius on to crush Agrippina and her "party" and many charges were brought by delatores against her friends and supporters
How did Livia and Livillia view Agrippina
- As bitter and outspoken
- She didn't hide her hatred for Tiberius who she blamed for Germanicus' death
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