Comparing the Successions of Tiberius and Claudius

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Daniellej
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276539
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Comparing the Successions of Tiberius and Claudius
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2014-06-10 09:55:34
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Classics Claudius Tiberius
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  1. Tiberius' legitimacy as a successor
    • He was named Augustus' successor in his will and was a clear legitimate successor as he had been adopted by augustus
    • There was also a lack of alternatives
  2. Claudius' legitimacy as a successor
    • He was not named successor, and thus lacked legitimacy
    • The fact that he was a member of the imperial family only mildly improved the situation
  3. Tiberius' rivals upon his succession
    • His main rival for the role of princeps was Germanicus but he had adopted him and made him his successor alongside Drusus
    • All the main rivals for the principate were direct blood relations and members of the imperial family
  4. Claudius ' rivals upon his succession
    • He had many rivals
    • The senate even backed another claim
    • Many former leading republican families believed that they had just as much of a right to rule as Claudius did
  5. Tiberius and titles upon his succession
    • He refused the title of augustus and pater patrie
    • But was named caesar owing to his family inheritance
    • Was elected pontifex maximus
    • And continued to use the title of first citizen
  6. Claudius and titles upon his succession
    • He took the name Augustus immediately and assumed the title of Ceasar even though he had not inherited it
    • Was elected pontifex maximus straight away
    • But he waited a year before accepting pater patrie
  7. Tiberius' acquisition of powers
    He slowly assumed power over the first few years but he did already have quite a lot of power as he had been very influential even before he was named successor and became princeps
  8. Claudius' acquisition of powers
    He tool all the powers associated with Augustus straight away
  9. Tiberius' family connections
    • He was the son of the Augusta and adopted son of augustus
    • He was a leading member of the Julian clan and dynasty
  10. Claudius' family connections
    • He was Germanicus' brother
    • Caligula's uncle
    • But he was a member of the Claudian gens and thus outside the Julian dynasty
  11. How did the senate react to Tiberius' ascension
    • His succession was backed by the majority of the senate as he was seen as a conservative member of the aristocracy and unlikely to be a radical
    • The senate immediately confirmed him as princeps and he in turn sought to offer the senate a share in his powers and in governing during the early years of his reign
  12. How did the senate react to Claudius' ascension
    • The majority of the senate either opposed his succession or were unsure about it and so Claudius withheld power from them
    • It took 2 days for them to accept his succession and initially he had even been declared a public enemy by rival senators who either wanted power or wanted to restore the republic
  13. How did the equites and the roman citizens react to Tiberius' ascension
    • They viewed him as a stable successor and they accepted him due to his legitimacy and the stability he offered
    • However they knew that he was not going to be a man who promoted the interests of the equites over those of the aristocracy
  14. How did the equites and the roman citizens react to Claudius' ascension
    The equites were very much in favour of him as they thought he would promote their interests as he had spent much of his own life in that social class
  15. How did the urban mob react to Tiberius' ascension
    • They were suspicious of him owing to his dour nature and disliked him as he refused to undertake games or building works
    • He never really won their support
  16. How did the urban mob react to Claudius' ascension
    He pandered to them with games and buildings and they actually demanded his succession in Rome due to his family connections and perceived good nature
  17. How did the troops and the preatorians react to Tiberius' ascension
    • He faced immediate mutines on the rhine and in Pannonia over the soldiers conditions but it was never a real threat to his succession
    • In general he was widely accepted by the military owing to his own military background and career
  18. How did the troops and the preatorians react to Claudius' ascension
    He was heavily reliant upon the preatorians to take and hold power but the troops did remain loyal

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