Personal property that includes knowledge, ways of doing things, and expressions of ideas.
Specialized knowledge associated with a particular business, including information gained during employment about such matters as manufacturing processes, practices, devices, customer lists, and other confidential information.
Electronic espionage act of 1996
A statute that makes the misappropriation or outright theft of trade secrets a federal crime.
An agreement in which the employee agrees not to work in similar employment within a certain geographic area or within a specified period of time.
Agreement not to compete
An agreement in which the seller of a business agrees not to begin or operate a similar business within a certain geographic area or within a specified period of time.
Any word, name, symbol, or device or combination thereof adopted and used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify his or her goods and distinguish them from goods manufactured or sold by others.
A distinctive, nonfunctional feature that distinguishes a merchant's or manufacturer's goods or services from those of another.
Registering or using another person's or company's domain name in bad faith for the purpose of earning a profit.
A valid, government-granted protection given to creators of literary, creative, or artistic works.
Copying another's literary, creative, or artistic works without permission.
Limited copying allowed when the copyrighted material is copied without authorization for use in connection with criticism, news reporting, research, education, or parody.
Substantial similarity test
A test that is used to determine whether an ordinary reasonable observer comparing two works would have to conclude that the work being questioned was copied from the other.
A valid, government-granted protection awarded to inventors that gives the patent holder the exclusive right to manufacture, use, and sell the invention.
A patent awarded to individuals or business firms to protect distinctive patterns, figures, and shapes and to prevent unauthorized copying.