Rhetorical Terms

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Rhetorical Terms
2014-06-11 23:28:24
rhetorical terms
Rhetorical Terms
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  1. credible
    worthy of belief; trustworthy.
  2. concession 
    a reluctant acknowledgement or yielding.
  3. counterargument 
    a challenge to a position; an opposing argument.
  4. refute
    – to discredit an argument; particularly a counterargument.
  5. source 
    a book, article, person, or other resource consulted for information.
  6. trope
    artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech.
  7. inference 
    • derived by reasoning; concluded or judged from premises or evidence.
  8. prediction
    • -to declare or tell in advance; prophecy; foretell.
  9. summarize 
    • concisely stating the main points.
  10. evaluate
    • – to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of.
  11. bias- 
    • prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
  12. theme
    the central idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer.
  13. dialectical journal
    • a double-column journal in which one writes a quotation in one column and reflections on that quotation in the other column.
  14. alliteratio
    the repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables.
  15. fact
    - information that is true or demonstrable.
  16. synthesize
    • combining or bringing together two or more elements to produce something more complex.
  17. speaker
    a term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing.
  18. attitude- 
    the speaker’s position on a subject as revealed through his or her tone.
  19. persona
    the speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing.
  20. anaphora- 
    the repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
  21. juxtapose
    • placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
  22. antithesis
    • parallel structure that juxtapose contrasting ideas.
  23. annotation- 
    explanatory or critical notes added to a text.
    bibliographic information about the sources used in a piece of writing.
  25. occasion
    • an aspect of context; the cause or reason for writing
  26. satire-
    • an ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it.
  27. parody-
    a piece that imitates and exaggerates the prominent features of another; used for comic effect or ridicule
  28. purpose
    one’s intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.
  29. aphorism
    • a short, astute statement of a general truth.
  30. elegiac
    mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone.
  31. epigram-
    a brief witty statement.
  32. parallelism
    • the repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns.
  33. pronoun-
    • a word used to replace a noun or noun phrase.
  34. narration
    retelling an event or series of events.
  35. appositive
    a word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun.
  36. rhetorical question
    • a question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.
  37. assumption-
    a belief or statement taken for granted without proof.
  38. assertion
    emphatic statement; declaration
  39. authority
    a reliable, respected source—someone with knowledge.
  40. common ground- 
    shared beliefs, values, or positions.
  41. antecedent
    the noun to which a later pronoun refers.
  42. explication of text
    explanation of a text’s meaning through an analysis of its constituent parts, including the literary devices used; also called close reading.
  43. subject
    • - in rhetoric, the topic addressed in a piece of writing.
  44. syllogism
    • a form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise.
  45. straw man- 
    logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, the attacking an opponent’s position. 
  46. understatement- 
    lack of emphasis in a stamen or point; restraint in language often used for ironic affect.
  47. propoganda- 
    a negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather then present information.
  48. modifier
    • a word, phrase, or clause that qualifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause.
  49. pacing
    the relative speed or slowness with which a story is told or an idea is presented.