RAD-146 PATHOLOGY ESOPHAGUS & STOMACH

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anatomy12
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276702
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RAD-146 PATHOLOGY ESOPHAGUS & STOMACH
Updated:
2014-06-21 12:53:05
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  1. Dysphagia
    what causes it
    • difficulty swallowing
    • swallowing a foreign body, nueromuscular defects, hiatus hernia and carcinoma
  2. achalasia
    neuromuscular disorder where the gastroesophageal sphincter fails to relax.
  3. esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula

    • esophageal atresia is an abnormal condition characterized by the incomplete development of the esophagus
    • It is almost always associated with a fistulous tract that communicates with the trachea.
  4. esophageal diverticula
    outpouchings of one or more layers of the esophageal wall
  5. esophageal varices
    are dilated tortous veins in the distal esophagus
  6. hiatal hernia
    is characterized by herniation or protrusion of the stomach through an incompetent cardiac sphincter in the left hemidiaphragm
  7. what does idiopathic mean
    disease is caused by something unknown
  8. gastroesophageal reflux
    • reflux is the primary cause of inflammation of the esophagus
    • it is the backwards flow of gastric and sometimes duodenal contents into the esophagus
  9. what is emesis
    the act of vomiting
  10. hematemeisis
    the act of vomiting blood or having blood in vomit
  11. bezoar
    a mass of undigested material that becomes trapped in the stomach
  12. hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    a narrowing of the pyloric canal producing obstruction> It is caused by hypertrophy or thickening of the pyloric muscle
  13. diverticula
    • weakening and blind outpouchings of the mucosal wall
    • mostly benign but can lead to perforation if un treated
  14. gastritis
    an inflammation of the lining of the stomach
  15. ulcers
    erosions of the stomach and duodenal mucosa due to various physiologic or environmental conditions
  16. dysphasia
    language disorder marked by deficiency in the generation of speech, and sometimes also in its comprehension, due to brain disease or damage.

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