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what causes it
- difficulty swallowing
- swallowing a foreign body, nueromuscular defects, hiatus hernia and carcinoma
neuromuscular disorder where the gastroesophageal sphincter fails to relax.
esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula
- esophageal atresia is an abnormal condition characterized by the incomplete development of the esophagus
- It is almost always associated with a fistulous tract that communicates with the trachea.
outpouchings of one or more layers of the esophageal wall
are dilated tortous veins in the distal esophagus
is characterized by herniation or protrusion of the stomach through an incompetent cardiac sphincter in the left hemidiaphragm
what does idiopathic mean
disease is caused by something unknown
- reflux is the primary cause of inflammation of the esophagus
- it is the backwards flow of gastric and sometimes duodenal contents into the esophagus
what is emesis
the act of vomiting
the act of vomiting blood or having blood in vomit
a mass of undigested material that becomes trapped in the stomach
hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
a narrowing of the pyloric canal producing obstruction> It is caused by hypertrophy or thickening of the pyloric muscle
- weakening and blind outpouchings of the mucosal wall
- mostly benign but can lead to perforation if un treated
an inflammation of the lining of the stomach
erosions of the stomach and duodenal mucosa due to various physiologic or environmental conditions
language disorder marked by deficiency in the generation of speech, and sometimes also in its comprehension, due to brain disease or damage.