Biology: Chap 4

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Biology: Chap 4
2014-06-13 15:14:41
Chapter 4: Cells
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  1. What are the two types of cells?
    • Prokaryotic
    • Eurkaryotic
  2. What is a prokaryotic cell?
    • DNA not enclosed in nucleus 
    • smaller 
    • simpler- most lack organelles
    • Bacteria and Archaea
  3. What is a eurkaryotic cell?
    • larger 
    • more complex- have organelles
    • Domain Eurkarya
  4. What parts does a prokaryotic cell have?
    • no nucleus 
    • no membrane- bound organelles
    • have cytoplasm, ribosomes, plasma membrane, cell wall 
    • capsule
    • pili 
    • flagella
  5. What parts does a eukarytoic cell have?
    • nucleus 
    • other organelles 
    • cytoplasm (cytosol)- gel like fluid 
    • cytoskelton- for structure 
    • plasma membrane
  6. What are the two types of eurokartoic cells?
    • animal cell 
    • plant cell
  7. What are ribsomes?
    site of protein synthesis
  8. What is the rough endoplasmic reticulum?
    network of membranes aids in processing of proteins
  9. What are transport vesicles?
    membrane-lined spheres which carry proteins and other molecules within cells
  10. What is the golgi complex?
    network of membranes, processes and distributes proteins f/RER
  11. What is the smooth enoplasmic reticulum? (SER)
    network of membranes responsible for lipid synthesis and detoxification of potentially harmful substances
  12. What are lyosomes?
    digest worn-out cellular materials and foreign materials
  13. What is the mitochondria?
    provides energy for cells
  14. What is the cyosketleton?
    a network of protein filaments
  15. What are the different types of cyoskeleton filaments?
    • microfilaments
    • intermediate filament
    • microtubules