Infection control

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Author:
erin579
ID:
27677
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Infection control
Updated:
2010-07-22 15:12:07
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skin care
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chapter 4 review
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  1. ___________ was created as part of the US department of labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
    • OSHA
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  2. Federal law requireds manufacturers to supply a ________ for all products sold.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  3. The EPA registers different types of __________
    disinfectants
  4. the two types of disinfectants that are used in salons are:
    Chemical disinfectants and hospital-grade disinfectants also known as tuberculocidal
  5. There are four classifications of potentially infectious microorganisms:
    bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites
  6. ______________ are microscopic plants or animals
    Microorganisms
  7. reaction due ti extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
    Allergy
  8. Disease that is communicable or transmitted by contact
    contagious disease
  9. The presence, or reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris/residues such as dust, hair, skin, etc.
    contamination
  10. Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptom
    diagnosis
  11. Abmormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying on normal function
    Disease
  12. Contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employees duties
    exposure incident
  13. Disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that are easily spread
    Infectious Disease
  14. Condition in which a part of the body reacts to protect itself from injury, irritation, or infection, characterized by redness, heat, pain and swelling
    inflammation
  15. Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients
    occupational disease
  16. Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and ringworm
    parasitic disease
  17. Disease that affects the body generally, often due to under- or over-functioning of internal glands/organs
    systemic disease
  18. round shaped bacteria
    cocci
  19. short rod shaped bacteria
    bacilli
  20. spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria
    spirilla
  21. one-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics. some are harmful, some are harmless. Also known as microbes or germs.
    bacteria
  22. communicable by infection from one person to another or from one infected body part to another
    infectious
  23. Nonscientific synonyms for disease producing bacteria
    microbes/germs
  24. Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size
    microorganism
  25. suffix meaning "study of"
    -ology
  26. An organism that grows, feeds and shelters on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism.
    parasite
  27. Any of various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms
    toxin
  28. A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects cells of biological organisms. A virus is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproduction machinery
    virus
  29. The ability of the body to resist disease and prevent infection
    immunity
  30. naturally inherited resistance to disease
    natural immunity
  31. developed after the body overcomes a disease
    acquired immunity
  32. THere are three levels of decontamination
    • sanitation
    • disinfection
    • sterilization
  33. The lowest level of decontamination
    sanitation
  34. can kill, retard or prevent the growth of bacteria
    antiseptics
  35. the process of killing most microorganisms on hard nonporous surfaces
    disinfection
  36. the highest level of decontamination, kills all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and bacterial spores.
    sterilization
  37. an apparatus for sterilization
    autoclave

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