A/P Lab Practical #1
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What is the meaning of root word: a-,an-?
without, not, lack of
What is the meaning of the root word: ab?
away from, from, apart
Example: abnormal, abduct
Definition: toward, to, near to. What is the root word?
Root word: ad
Example: adrenal, adduct
Definition: preceding, before, forward. What is the root word?
Root Word: ante
Root Word:anti-. What is the definition?
Definition: against, opposed to
What is the meaning of the root word: circum-, circ-?
Definition: around, about
What is the meaning of the root word: co-, con-?
Definition: with, together
What is the root word for: against?
Root Word: contra-, counter
What is the root word for: reverse, away from, loss?
Root Word: de-
What is meaning of the root word: di-?
Definition: double, two
What is the meaning of the root word: dia-?
Definition: between, through
What is the meaning of the root word: ec-, ecto-, ex-?
Definition: outside, away from
Example: excrete, ectoderm
Root Word: end-, em-, en-?
Definition: inside, within
Example: endothelium, encysted
Root Word: epi-?
Definition: over, above, on
Definition: outside, outer layer
Root Word: ecto-, exo-
Definition: beyond, outside, additionally
Root Word: extra-
Root Word: hemi-
Root Word: hetero-
Root Word: homeo-, homo-
Definition: same, unchanging, steady
Root Word: hyper
Definition: beyond, excessive
Root Word: hypo
Definition: under, below, deficient
Root Word: in-, im-
Definition: not, negation
Root Word: inter-
Definition: among, between
Root Word: intra
Definition: within, inside
Root Word: infra-, infer
Root Word: iso-
Definition: large, great
Root Word: macro
Root Word: Mal-
Definition: bad, abnormal
Root Word: medi-, meso-
Root Word: meta-
Definition: after, beyond, changed
Root Word: mega-
Definition: great, large
Root Word: micro-
Root Word: mono-
Root Word: mill(i)-
Root Word: oligo-
Definition: small, few, little
Root Word: omni-
Root Word: para-
Definition: near, beside, apart from
Root Word: peri-
Root Word: poly-
Definition: many, much
Definition: before, in front of
Root Word: pre-, pro-
Root Word: philic-, philo-
Definition: have an affinity for, like
Root Word: phobic-
Root Word: post-
Definition: after, behind
Root Word: Pseudo-
Root Word: quatr-, quadro-
Root Word: retro-
Definition: backward, back
Root Word: re-
Definition: again, contrary, back
Root Word: semi-
Root Word: sub-
Root Word: super-
Definition: over, excessive
Root Word: supra-
Root Word: sym-, syn-
Definition: together, with, joined
Root Word: trans-
Definition: across, through
Root Word: tri-
Root Word: ultra-
Definition: beyond, excess
Definition: (above), appear above other structures
Example: the head is superior to the shoulders
Definition: (below), always below other body parts
Example: the knees are inferior to the hips
Definition: (front), In humans, the most anterior structures are those that are most forward- the face, chest, and abdomen
(back), those toward the backside of the body
(toward the midline), medial structures are closer to the body midline than lateral structures
away from the midline or median plane, furthest from the midline
backside or back of any other structures (animal or human)
bellyside, the belly side of animals
near the trunk or attached end
ex: the knee is proximal to the toes
farther from the trunk or point of attachment,
ex: the fingers are distal to the elbow
toward or at the body surface
ex: the skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles
away from the body surface or more internal
Dividing it into right or left parts
A plane that runs lengthwise or longitudinally down the length of the body
situated alongside of or adjacent (parallel) to a sagittal location or a sagittal plane
midsagittal (or median) plane
Divides the body into equal parts
Frontal (or coronal)
a longitudinal plane that divides the body (or an organ) into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse (or cross section)
A plane that runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts. also called cross sections.
toes forward, body forward, hands facing out
Dorsal body cavity
consists of the cranial and spinal cavities
within the rigid skull, contains the brain
runs within the bony vertebral column, protects the spinal cord
Ventral Body Cavity
subdivided, a human body cavity that is in the anterior (front) aspect of the human body. It is made up of the thoracic cavity, and the abdominopelvic cavity.
separated from the rest of the ventral cavity by the muscular diaphragm. The heart and the lungs, located in the thoracic cavity, are protected by the bony rib cage.
Abdominopelvic cavity (know together)
Inferior to the diaphragm, houses the stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs, and inferior pelvic cavity ( reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum.
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