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2014-06-15 23:28:48

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  1. anarchy
    a state of lawlessness and discord in the political system caused by lack of government
  2. social contract
    • an agreement people make with one another to form a government and abide by its rules and laws
    • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  3. authority
    the ability of public institutions and the officials within them to make laws, independent of the power to execute them.
  4. democracy
    • form of government, in which people, either directly or through elected representatives, hold power and authority
    • Democracy  is derived from the Greek Demos Kratos, meaning rule by the people
  5. oligarchy
    a form of government in which a small exclusive class, which may or may not attempt to rule on behalf of the people as a whole, holds supreme power
  6. theocracy
    a form of government in which a particular religion or faith plays a dominant role in the government
  7. monarchy
    a form of government in which one person, usually a member of royal designate, exercises supreme authority
  8. authoritarianism
    a form of government in which one political party, group, or person maintains such complete control over the nation that it may refuse to recognize and may even suppress all other political parties and interests.
  9. power
    the ability to get individuals to do something that they may not otherwise do, such as pay taxes, stop for red lights, or submit to a search before boarding an airplane
  10. legitimacy
    the extent which the people afford the government the authority and right to exercise power.
  11. politics
    the way in which the institutions of government are organized to make laws, rules, and policies, and how those institutions are influenced.
  12. Harold Lasswell
    proposed a brief but very useful definition of politics as "who gets what, when, and how"
  13. natural law
    according to John Locke, the most fundamental type of law, which supersedes any law that is made by the government. citizens are born with certain natural rights that derive from this law and that the government cannot take away
  14. popular sovereignty
    the idea that the ultimate source of power in the nation is held by the people
  15. Representative Democracy
    • a form of government designed by the U.S constitution whereby free, open and regular elections are held to allow voters to choose those who govern on their behalf; 
    • it is also referred to as indirect democracy or a republican form of government
  16. 15th amendment
    In 1870, the 15th amendment provided that the right to vote may not be denied on the basis of race
  17. 17th amendment
    • In 1913, the 17th amendment changed the method of selection of the U.S senators from having state legislatures choose senators to having senators directly elected by the voters of a state 
    • Created electoral vote
  18. 19th amendment
    In 1920, the 19th amendment provided voting rights for women by not allowing the states to deny women the right to vote
  19. 23rd amendment
    In 1961, the 23rd amendment provided residents of the District of Columbia with electoral votes in presidential elections.
  20. 24th amendment
    In 1962, the 24th amendment prevented states from levying a tax on people in order for them to vote in federal elections. some state used a poll tax to discourage poor people and African Americans
  21. 26th amendment
    In 1971, the 26th amendment provided voting rights to those who are 18 years of age by not allowing states to deny the franchise to those who have obtained this age
  22. Direct democracy
    a system of government in which all citizens participate in making policy, rules, and governing decisions
  23. political culture
    the values and beliefs about government, its purpose, and its operations and institutions that are widely held among citizens in a society; it defines the essence of how a society thinks politically and its transmitted from one generation to the next
  24. The government that governs least governs best
    Thomas Jefferson
  25. majority rule
    the notion that the will of majority rule should guide decisions made by the american government
  26. Horatio Alger
    From Rags to Riches
  27. limited Government
    the value that promotes the idea that government power should be as restricted as possible
  28. individualism
    the value that individuals are primarily responsible for their own lot in life and that promotes and rewards individual initiative and responsibility. This value underlines America's reliance on a capitalist economy and free market system
  29. Patrick Henry
    Give me liberty or give me death
  30. lexington and concord
    began the american revolution
  31. articles of confederation
    unicameral (one house) congress with each state having one vote regardless of population

    approval by 9 of 13 states required for most legislative matters
  32. shays rebellion
    armed uprising by debt-ridden Massachusetts frustrated with the state government
  33. constitutional convention
    meeting of delegates of 12 states in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787, at which was drafted an entirely new system to govern the united states
  34. the Virginia plan
    bicameral legislature with one house elected by the people and second house chosen by the first 

    strong central government
  35. new jersey plan
    unicameral legislature elected by the people

    weak central government
  36. the great compromise (Connecticut compromise)
    bicameral legislature with one house elected by the people and second house chosen by state legislatures