History: Final Exam Part 3
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History: Final Exam Part 3
history phelan markingperiodfour final exam jun
During WWII, where did the U.S. government send Japanese Americans to?
What was the function of the War Production Board?
To convert existing factories to wartime production
Who did Rosie the Riveter represent?
Women in the workplace
Policy of giving into demands in order to maintain peace
Why was it important for the Allies to control North Africa
The allies needed to secure oil coming in from the Middle East
What ist he date of VE Day?
May 8, 1945
What was the name of the B-29 Bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb?
The Enola gay
Which two Japanese cities were bombed by the U.S.?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
How many Jews died during the Holocaust?
Which death camp did most of the Jewish people die in?
What was the purpose of the United Nations?
To maintain international peace and security
Explain how Japan was changed following their defeat in WWII?
Japan's system of government
Which person played a key role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
John Peters Humphrey
What was Truman's cold war policy following WWII?
What was the Iron Curtain?
Imaginary line separating eastern and western Europe
What were the countries called that were absorbed by the Soviet Union after WWII?
Which policy involved providing economic aid to other countries in order to strengthen them against the Soviet Union?
(examples: Greece and Turkey)
What was the name of the U.S. effort to help rebuild Europe?
What caused the Berlin Airlift?
Soviets blockade of West Berlin
Why did Western Powers form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization?
To protect member nations of an attack by a Communist country
What was the purpose of the GI Bill of Rights?
To help transition veterans back into everyday life. Provided money for school, books, etc...
Explain the main points of President Truman's Fair Deal?
National Health Insurance Program
What was McCarthyism?
Joe McCarthy spreading fear by making baseless claims about Communists in the State Department
Who was the leader of North Korea?
Kim Sung Il
Why did President Truman think it was important to defend South Korea?
It was the best place to stop the spread of Communism
Which country came to the aid of North Korea in the Korean war?
What was the result of the Korean War?
Stalemate, no one won.
What was the Warsaw Pact?
Similar to NATO, communists countries pledged their alliance to each other
What was Dwight D. Eisenhower's main criticism of the Democrats in the 1952 Election?
The handling of the Korean War
What is Massive Retaliation?
The pledge to use overwhelming force, including nuclear weapons to settle a serious