History: Final Exam Part 3

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LaurenCamp29
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277000
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History: Final Exam Part 3
Updated:
2014-06-16 19:01:05
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history phelan markingperiodfour final exam jun
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Junior History
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  1. During WWII, where did the U.S. government send Japanese Americans to?
    Internment Camps
  2. What was the function of the War Production Board?
    To convert existing factories to wartime production
  3. Who did Rosie the Riveter represent?
    Women in the workplace
  4. Define Appeasement
    Policy of giving into demands in order to maintain peace
  5. Why was it important for the Allies to control North Africa
    The allies needed to secure oil coming in from the Middle East
  6. What ist he date of VE Day?
    May 8, 1945
  7. What was the name of the B-29 Bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb?
    The Enola gay
  8. Which two Japanese cities were bombed by the U.S.?
    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  9. How many Jews died during the Holocaust?
    6 Million
  10. Which death camp did most of the Jewish people die in?
    Auschwitz
  11. What was the purpose of the United Nations?
    To maintain international peace and security
  12. Explain how Japan was changed following their defeat in WWII?
    Japan's system of government
  13. Which person played a key role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
    John Peters Humphrey
  14. What was Truman's cold war policy following WWII?
    Containment
  15. What was the Iron Curtain?
    Imaginary line separating eastern and western Europe
  16. What were the countries called that were absorbed by the Soviet Union after WWII?
    Satellite Countries
  17. Which policy involved providing economic aid to other countries in order to strengthen them against the Soviet Union?
    (examples: Greece and Turkey)
    Truman doctrine
  18. What was the name of the U.S. effort to help rebuild Europe?
    Marshall Plan
  19. What caused the Berlin Airlift?
    Soviets blockade of West Berlin
  20. Why did Western Powers form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization?
    To protect member nations of an attack by a Communist country
  21. What was the purpose of the GI Bill of Rights?
    To help transition veterans back into everyday life. Provided money for school, books, etc...
  22. Explain the main points of President Truman's Fair Deal?
    National Health Insurance Program
  23. What was McCarthyism?
    Joe McCarthy spreading fear by making baseless claims about Communists in the State Department
  24. Who was the leader of North Korea?
    Kim Sung Il
  25. Why did President Truman think it was important to defend South Korea?
    It was the best place to stop the spread of Communism
  26. Which country came to the aid of North Korea in the Korean war?
    China
  27. What was the result of the Korean War?
    Stalemate, no one won.
  28. What was the Warsaw Pact?
    Similar to NATO, communists countries pledged their alliance to each other
  29. What was Dwight D. Eisenhower's main criticism of the Democrats in the 1952 Election?
    The handling of the Korean War
  30. What is Massive Retaliation?
    • The pledge to use overwhelming force, including nuclear weapons to settle a serious
    • conflict

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