Pharmacological calculations

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Author:
Kristenwilliams
ID:
277001
Filename:
Pharmacological calculations
Updated:
2015-09-28 15:04:07
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Pharm calc
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  1. C to F
    Multiply by 1.8 and add 32
  2. Standard times AM to military time
    1 Am-12 noon=

    0100-1200
  3. Standard time PM to military time
    1 Pm- 12 midnight=

    1300-2400
  4. Before meals
    a.c.
  5. As desired
    ad lib
  6. Two times a day
    b.i.d.
  7. Capsule
    cap
  8. Elixir
    elix.
  9. Extract
    ext
  10. Intramuscular
    IM
  11. Intravenous
    IV
  12. Every night at bedtime
    nightly
  13. Normal saline
    • NS
    • (N/S)
  14. Right eye
    OD
  15. Left eye
    OS
  16. Both eyes
    OU
  17. After meals
    p.c.
  18. By
    per
  19. By mouth
    • PO
    • orally
  20. When necessary/required
    p.r.n.
  21. Soultion
    soln.
  22. At once, immediately
    stat.
  23. Subcutaneous
    subcut.
  24. Suppository
    supp.
  25. Suspension
    susp.
  26. Syrup
    syp.
  27. Tablet
    tab.
  28. Tincture
    • tr.
    • tinct.
  29. Ointment
    ung
  30. How many grams in 1 ounce?
    28.3 grams
  31. Length is measured in...?
    Meter, m
  32. Volume is measure in...?
    Liter, L
  33. Weight is measured in...?
    Gram, g
  34. When converting decimals...
    Larger to smaller move decimal 3 places to the...?
    • Right
    • L-S-R
  35. When converting decimals...
    Smaller to larger move decimal 3 places to the..
    • Left
    • S-L-L
  36. mEq
    Milliequivalent
  37. Ounce
    • oz
    • Metric equivalent= 30 mL
  38. Tablespoon
    • T, TBS, tbs
    • Metric equivalent= 15 mL
  39. Teaspoon
    • t, TSP, tsp
    • Metric equivalent= 5 mL
  40. Drop
    • gtt
    • Metric equivalent= 1 mL
  41. U.S.P.
    United States Pharmacopeia
  42. NF
    National Formulary
  43. MAR
    Medication Administration Record
  44. Syringes
    1 mL, 3 mL, 6 mL, 12 mL, 20 mL, 35 mL, and 60 mL
  45. 3 mL calibrated in...
    .1 mL each line (tenths)
  46. 20 mL syringe calibrated in...
    1 mL each line (hundredths)
  47. 0.5 syrigne..
    Tuberculin (TB) syringe calibrated in hundredths
  48. 5 and 10 mL syringes calibrated into...
    0.2 mL
  49. Diluent
    Solution
  50. Solute
    Drug
  51. To convert F to C?
    Subtract 32 and divide by 1.8
  52. How many mL in 1 oz?
    4
  53. 1 minute equals how many gtt?
    1 gtt
  54. 1 grain equals how many mg?
    60 mg
  55. In solutions percentage represents the number of grams of drug per 100 mL of solution...
    EX: 100 mL of a 1% solution contains how many g of drug?
    1 g
  56. 4 oz is _ lb?
    0.25 lb
  57. 8 oz is _ lb?
    0.5 lb
  58. 12 oz is _ lb?
    0.75 lb
  59. Convert lb to kg?
    Divide by 2.2
  60. Convert kg to lb?
    Multiply by 2.2
  61. IV fluid abbreviation D means?
    Dextrose
  62. Ringer's lactate or Lactated Ringer's Solution is abbreviated..?
    • RL
    • LR
    • RLS
  63. NS
    0.9%
  64. 1/2 S or NS
    0.45%
  65. 1/4 S or NS
    0.225%
  66. Standard macrodrip is calibrated at..?
    10, 15, or 20 gtt/mL
  67. When a more exact measurement is needed calibrate microdrip at?
    60 gtt/mL
  68. Flow rate formula
    • Volume X set calibration 
    •           /
    •  Time (60 mins or less)
  69. When counting gtt/min in 15 seconds what must you do?
    Divide by 4

    EX: IV runs at 70 gtt/min what will 15 sec count be.... 70/4= 18 gtt/15 sec
  70. Infusion time formula
    • Volume
    •  (divided by)
    •      mL/hr
  71. Maintenance fluid formula for dogs over 20 lbs
    1 ml/lb/hr
  72. Maintenance fluid formula for animals under 20 lbs
    2 mL/lb/hr
  73. Anesthesia fluid formula
    5 mL/lb/hr
  74. Shock fluid formula over 20 lbs
    40 mL/lb/hr
  75. Shock fluid formula under 20 lbs
    25mL/lb/hr
  76. Skin turgidity is lost
    4%
  77. Lateral recumbency and near death
    10%
  78. Eyes are sunked
    7%
  79. Rehydration formula
    lb/% dehydrated/500
  80. Surgery formula
    5mL/lb/hr

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