RVT Exam - horses

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RVT Exam - horses
2010-07-22 21:32:48
Horse questions

horse questions
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  1. The facial artery is located
    on the medial aspect of the mandible
  2. The facial artery can be used to do what during anesthesia
    Palpate the artery to assess blood pressure
  3. The coccygeal artery is located
    in groove on dorsal aspect of tail
  4. The coccygeal artery can used for what procedure
    blood pressure with doppler
  5. To monitor respiration of the horse listen with a stethoscope at what locations
    • Trachea
    • Left and right lung fields
  6. Normal respiration rythm
    inspiration and expiration followed by a pause
  7. Abnormal or excited respiration
    inspiration will be slightly longer than expiration
  8. GI motility sounds
    Bubbling, gurgling, rumbling
  9. Cause for concern for GI motility
    No sounds
  10. Cecum can be heard where for GI motility
    Right side
  11. Dental formula for horse
  12. The wolf tooth of a horse
    P1 upper jaw, does not fall out, need to be extracted
  13. Rasping down sharp edges of horse teeth called
  14. Signs a horse needs floating
    • Halitosis
    • laceration of oral cavity
    • difficult eating
    • Head tilt
    • Undigested food in feces
  15. Colic refers to what
    abdominal pain
  16. GI causes of colic in horses
    • Excessive gas
    • Spasmodic colic
    • Ileus (cessation of peristalsis)
    • Parasitic infection
    • Volvulus (torsion of sm or lg intestine)
    • Intussusception
    • Impaction
    • Obstruction
    • Displacement
    • Inguinal hernia
    • Ulcer
  17. Management of colic
    • Fluids
    • Antiinflammatory drugs
    • Mineral oil
    • Antiflatulence meds
    • Monitoring
    • Antiulcer meds
  18. Colitis in horses is
    Acute inflammatory process of large colon and cecum
  19. Laminitis (or founder) in horses is
    inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the feet
  20. Laminitis is caused by
    • Grain overload
    • Ingestion of large amounts of cold water (water founder)
    • Endotoxemia
    • Concussion (road founder)
    • Hormonal influences
    • Previous viral respiratory diseases
    • Previous administration of drugs
    • Overeating lush pastures, particulary in the spring
  21. Clinically horses with laminitis will
    • Be reluctant to move
    • Be anxious
    • toe point
    • Rock back on heal to relieve pressure on the toe
    • Be pyrexic
    • Be depressed
    • Be off feed
    • Have increased heat in the hoof wall
    • be sensitive to hoof testers
  22. Management of Laminitis includes
    • Antiinflammatory meds
    • Isoxsuprine hydrochloride
    • Nitrogylcerin
    • Ace
    • Fluids
    • Grass hay free choice NO GRAIN
    • Corrective hoof trimming
    • Cold hosing or icing feet
  23. What surgeries are performed on horses in dorsal recumbency
    • All Abdo Sx (colic, exploratory, cesarean section,umbilical and inguinal hernia repair)
    • Laryngeal Ventriculectomy
    • Castrations
    • Arthroscopies (hock, stifle, carpus-surgeon preference)
    • Neurectomy - surgeon preference
  24. When positioning a horse in dorsal recumbency particular attention must be paid to
    padding underneath the shoulder and gluteal muscles
  25. What could happen without sufficient padding to a horse in dorsal recumbency
    Myositis can develop
  26. What surgeries are performed on horses in lateral recumbency
    • Eye Sx
    • Tooth extractions
    • Mandible fracture repair
    • Laryngotomy
    • Laryngoplasty
    • Arthroscopies (carpus, fetlocks, shoulders)
    • Periosteal fracture removal
    • Neurectomy (more than one branch)
    • Condyle fracture removal
  27. When positioning a horse in lateral recumbency how should the foreleg be positioned
    the down foreleg should be pulled forward to enhance circulation and protect against radial nerve paralysis
  28. What procedures can be performed on horses sedated while standing
    • Extraction of wolf teeth
    • Rectovaginal tears using an epidural
    • Casliks procedure
    • Perianal lacerations using an epidural
    • Uncomplicated ovariectomies
    • Tendon splitting
    • Castration
    • Neuroectomy (single branch)