History 30s - Final Exam (Definitions & Dates)

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History 30s - Final Exam (Definitions & Dates)
2014-06-19 18:48:16

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  1. Exclusive rights to trade or conduct business in a particular area.
  2. A sea lane through the Arctic linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; to date, it has not been easily navigable.
    Northwest Passage
  3. Organizations formed by workers to advance their shared interests in the workplace, such as better wages and safer working conditions.
    Trade Unions
  4. To bring back something that was taken out of a country.
  5. The growth of cities.
  6. People who refuse for ethical reasons to engage in state-supported actions such as war.
    Conscientious Objectors
  7. A formal agreement between sovereign nations; an agreement between specific groups of First Nations and the federal government that clarifies Aboriginal rights to land and resources. They are written to have the government recognize its responsibilities towards Aboriginal peoples in the areas of social, educational and economic concerns.
  8. (1763) The treaty that ended the Seven Years' War between Britain and France; (1783) the treaty that ended the American War of Independence and Britain's colonial ties to the United States of America.
    Treaty of Paris
  9. According to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada "an Aboriginal people in Northern Canada who live above the tree line in Nunavut' the Northwest Territories, Northern Quebec and Labrador. The word means 'people' in the Inuit language - Inuktitut. The singular of Inuit is Inuk."
  10. A community organized around a church.
  11. (1713) A treaty between Britain and France in which Nouvelle-France lost vast territories to British control.
    Traety of Utrecht
  12. Unlicensed French fur traders who travelled among and lived with First Nations of the Northwest.
    Coureurs de Bois
  13. Moderate or no consumption of alcohol.
  14. According to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada "a term that came into common usage in the 1970s to replace the word 'Indian' which many people found offensive. Although the term is widely used, no legal definition of it exists. Among its uses the term 'First Nations Peoples' refers to the Indian peoples of Canada, both Status and Non-status. Many Indian peoples have also adopted the term 'First Nations' to replace the word 'band' in the name of their community."
    First Nations
  15. Missionaries from a Roman Catholic order known as the Society of Jesus; provided religious, educational and social support to colonists in Nouvelle-France.
  16. (1817-1921) a series of eleven treaties negotiated between First Nations and the federal government.
    Numbered Treaties
  17. A document declaring ownership over homestead land.
    Letters Patent
  18. The right to vote.
  19. Group agreement obtained through a process of dialogue and discussion.
  20. A technological and economic shift in society in which manufacturing and mass production become a significant part of the economy; usually accompanied by increasing urbanization.
  21. Improvements, adaptations or changes to existing conditions.
  22. Businesses that are jointly owned and operated by members.
  23. Businesses that are jointly owned and operated by members.
  24. The banning of the sale and consumption of alcohol.
  25. Young French women forcibly sent to Nouvelle-France to become the wives of the colonists.
    filles du roi
  26. Government taxes placed on imported goods; generally used to protect domestic industries from foreign competition.
  27. A method of land ownership in which a lord rents out land to habitants who farm the land.
    Seigneurial System
  28. First Nations people who profited in the fur trade as intermediaries between inland First Nations and European traders.
  29. The community of French Canadians living in Quebec, particularly before and during the British colonization of North America.
  30. People from the first French settlements in North America; now part of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
  31. The compulsory enlistment of civilians to the armed forces.
  32. A group of languages that likely evolved from a common language.
    Language Families
  33. Variations of a language used by groups of speakers who are often regionally or socially based. They might differ in vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation.
  34. Knowledge that is passed from one generation to the next by way of spoken word.
    Oral Tradition
  35. Originating from a place; for example, the original people of a country.
  36. A set of values, beliefs and assumptions about the world and how it works.
  37. An economic theory that a country can accumulate wealth by importing raw materials from and exporting finished goods to colonies.
  38. Land settled with the purpose of farming and eventually owning it.
  39. The inhabitants of North America prior to European contact; includes many diverse groups of First Nations an Inuit peoples.
    First Peoples
  40. Emphasizing the interdependence of parts of a whole; a belief that the whole is more important than any single part.
  41. (1760) The terms by which Nouvelle-France surrendered to British forces.
    Articles of Capitulation
  42. The practice of one country exercising political, economic and cultural power and control over another region or people.
  43. Constitution Act (also called the Canada Act) finalizes a Canadian Constitution and Charter of rights and Freedoms. 
  44. Jacques Cartier makes his first voyage to the St. Lawrence for France.
  45. Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War between Britain and France and ends France's role in North America.
  46. World War II
  47. The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed to the Pacific.
  48. World War I
  49. Samuel de Champlain establishes a settlement at Quebec.
  50. France begins an aggressive program of colonization to its colony of New France.
  51. Canada confirms its claim to the West when Manitoba joins Confederation.
  52. Confederation - British North America Act establishes Canada when Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick unite.