Discuss the Manitoba Schools Question. (5)
When Manitoba became a province there were 2 publicly funded, church-run school systems, one Catholic where instruction was in French and one Protestant where the instruction was in English. By 1890, only 10% of the province spoke French so the legislature created on publicly funded school system that was non-denominational and English. French Catholics didn't like this so they put pressure on the federal government for Manitoba to change the law. The Laurier-Greenway Compromise allowed religious and French instruction and Roman Catholic teachers could be hired where numbers warranted it. since a community only need 23 votes to establish a school to be taught in any language, multiple schools opened, being taught in Polish, German, and Ukrainian. In 1916, the Manitoba government ended this law and went back to English only because of the suspicion of European immigrants during World War I. some larger issues are the balance between French and English in Canada and the balance of power in our federal system.