Combined Daily Vocabulary Week 2

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Combined Daily Vocabulary Week 2
2014-06-19 22:04:49
GRE Vocabulary
Combined Daily Vocabulary Week 2
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  1. abate
    • verb: to lessen in intensity or degree
    • In an hour or so the storm would abate and they could leave.
  2. accolade
    • noun: an expression of praise
    • He does not praise his employees; silence is his highest accolade.
  3. adulation
    • noun: excessive praise; intense adoration
    • But here in America, great accomplishments and pop-culture adulation walk hand in hand.
  4. aesthetic
    • adj: dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
    • The new browser is much more than an aesthetic overhaul.
  5. ameliorate
    • verb: to make better or more tolerable
    • I'm very glad to see someone working to help ameliorate that situation.
  6. ascetic
    • noun: one who practices rigid self-denial, esp. as an act of religious devotion
    • He renounced his kingdom and embraced instead the path of the ascetic.
  7. avarice
    • noun: greed, esp. for wealth
    • adj form: avaricious
    • Usually, politics is about the avarice of one person or group in conflict .
  8. axiom
    • noun: a universally recognized principle
    • adj form: axiomatic
    • Another axiom of science is dispassionate observation.
  9. burgeon
    • verb: to grow rapidly or florish
    • Expect the black market to burgeon again.
  10. bucolic
    • adj: rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
    • It's true that I had a bucolic, truly peaceful childhood, growing up in a house next to our family's orchard.
  11. cacophony
    • noun: harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
    • adj form: cacophonous
    • Some worry that such changes will invite a cacophony of contentious discussion.
  12. canon
    • noun: an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
    • adj form: canonical
    • In the ancient canon of the Roman mass, he is ranked among the martyrs
  13. catalyst
    • noun: a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change
    • The bombing attack was the catalyst for war.
  14. caustic
    • adj: burning or stinging; causing corrosion
    • a caustic cleaner
  15. chary
    • adj: wary; cautious; sparing
    • most people are chary of allowing themselves to be photographed
  16. misnomer
    • n.incorrect name or word for something
    • An example of misnomer is someone telling a child that an elephant is a lion.
    • “International Airport” is something of a misnomer, since almost all the arriving and departing flights are local.
  17. misogynist
    • who hates women
    • A male chauvinist who thinks all women are stupid and manipulative is an example of a misogynist.
  18. mitigate
    • make less forceful; to become more moderate; to make less harsh or undesirable:
    • "He was trying to mitigate the damage he had done."
    • (n: mitigation)
  19. cogent
    • adj: appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
    • The judge rejected that argument in a cogent and wholly convincing judgment.
  20. complaisance
    • noun: the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
    • adj form: complaisant
    • A rebellion of public opinion against such complaisance is possible but not certain.
  21. contentious
    • adj: argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
    • a contentious issue
  22. contrite
    • adj: regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
    • noun form: contrition
    • a broken and a contrite heart
  23. culpable
    • adj: deserving blame
    • noun form: culpability
    • sometimes you’re just as culpable when you watch something as when you actually participate
  24. dearth
    • noun: smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
    • there is a dearth of evidence
  25. demur
    • verb: to question or oppose
    • normally she would have accepted the challenge, but she demurred
  26. didactic
    • adj: intended to teach or instruct
    • a didactic novel that set out to expose social injustice
  27. discretion
    • noun: cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
    • adj form: discreet
    • she knew she could rely on his discretion
  28. disinterested
    • adj: free of bias or self-interested; impartial
    • a banker is under an obligation to give disinterested advice
  29. dogmatic
    • adj: expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles
    • noun form: dogma
    • he gives his opinion without trying to be dogmatic
  30. ebullience
    • noun: the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
    • adj form: ebullient
    • the ebullience of happy children
  31. eclectic
    • adj: composed of elements drawn from various sources
    • her musical tastes are eclectic
  32. elegy
    • noun: a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
    • adj form: elegiac
    • As a result, modern elegies more often than not break with the decorum of earlier modes of mourning and become melancholic, self-centered, or mocking.
  33. emollient
    • adj/noun: soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or smoothes the skin
    • an emollient cream
  34. nefarious
    • adj.wicked, evil:
    • "a nefarious plot."
  35. noisome
    • adj.harmful, offensive, destructive:
    • "The noisome odor of the dump carried for miles."
  36. obdurate
    • adj.hardened against influence or feeling; intractable.
    • An example of obdurate is a judge who sentences a man without feeling.
    • He is known for his obdurate determination.
  37. empirical
    • adj: based on observation or experiment
    • Our data is based on empirical evidence collected in numerous studies.
  38. engimatic
    • adj: mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
    • noun form: enigma
    • After I did a little research, the subject of metaphysics was no longer so enigmatic to me.
  39. ephemeral
    • adj: brief, fleeting
    • Because of her ephemeral memory, she forgets things all the time!
  40. esoteric
    • adj: intended for or understood by a small, specific group
    • The medical research was so esoteric that only a few physicians could actually understand the results.
  41. eulogy
    • noun: a speech honoring the dead
    • verb form: eulogize
    • he delivered a moving eulogy at his father's funeral
  42. exonerate
    • verb: to remove blame
    • The job of the defense attorney is to exonerate his clients and keep them out of jail.
  43. facetious
    • adj: playful; humorous
    • Do you always have to be so facetious?
  44. fallacy
    • noun: an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
    • adj form: fallacious
    • Having money makes you happy is a fallacy because happiness has nothing to do with wealth.
  45. furtive
    • adj: marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
    • Students who cheat on tests employ their furtive tactics to avoid getting caught.
  46. gregarious
    • adj: sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
    • If you want to be more approachable, show a gregarious smile.
  47. harangue
    • verb/noun: to deliver a pompous speech or tirade; a long, pompous speech
    • As usual, the priest made his usual harangue about the dangers of listening to rap music.
  48. heretical
    • adj: violating accepted dogma or convention
    • noun form: heresy
    • men holding heretical opinions were condemned to the stake, women to be buried alive.
  49. hyperbole
    • noun: an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
    • adj form: hyperbolic
    • Because Janice was a drama queen, she used a hyperbole in practically every sentence.
  50. impecunious
    • adj: lacking funds; without money
    • The sorry appearance of the unpaid letter suggested the impecunious condition of its author.
  51. incipient
    • adj: beginning to come into being or to become apparent
    • The best way to stop the disease from spreading is by identifying it while it is incipient.
  52. obviate
    • prevent by anticipatory measures; to make unnecessary:
    • An example of to obviate is to eliminate the need for a surgery with a new treatment.
    • The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery.
  53. occlude
    • close or shut off; to obstruct (n: occlusion)
    • An example of occlude is hiding a gift for someone behind your back.
    • An example of occlude is shutting a window to keep a bee outside.
    • a blood clot had occluded a major artery in his body
  54. opaque
    • adj.not transparent or transluscent; dense; difficult to comprehend, as inopaque reasoning
    • An example of opaque is the quality of a black sheet of paper.
    • An example of opaque is the study of astrophysics.
    • somehow listeners seem to connect with the songwriter, despite his deeply personal, often opaque lyrics
  55. inert
    • adj: unmoving; lethargic; sluggish
    • Nitrogen is a very inert gas: it will neither burn nor support the combustion of ordinary combustibles.
  56. innocuous
    • adj: harmless; causing no damage
    • Because the virus was innocuous, the hospital staff had no need to worry about the leak.
  57. intransigent
    • adj: refusing to compromise
    • noun form: intransigence
    • When it comes to the safety of my children, I must always take an intransigent position to protect them.
  58. inveigle
    • verb: to obtain by deception or flattery
    • Their testimony confirmed the defendant's successful efforts to inveigle them into investing in the hedge fund.
  59. morose
    • adj: sad; sullen; melancholy
    • When her dog died, the little girl was morose for months.
  60. odious
    • adj: evoking intense aversion or dislike
    • Cleaning the toilet is such an odious task.
  61. opaque
    • adj: impenetrable by light; not reflecting light
    • As Larry is an experienced liar, his stories are always quite opaque.
  62. oscillation
    • noun: the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
    • verb form: oscillate
    • He observed a small clockwise motion of the pendulum's apparent plane of oscillation.
  63. penurious
    • adj: penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
    • Penurious behavior isn't confined to hosts these days.
  64. pernicious
    • adj: extremely harmful; potentially causing death
    • If you are going to behave in such a pernicious manner, I would prefer to not be around you.
  65. peruse
    • verb: to examine with great care
    • noun form: perusal
    • Peruse the manual to set up your television.
  66. pious
    • adj: extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion
    • noun form: piety
    • The students running around naked at Berkley Catholic University do not seem very pious.
  67. precursor
    • noun: one that precedes and indicates or announces another
    • All too often, high blood pressure is a precursor of heart disease.
  68. preen
    • verb: to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care
    • The kiwi's distinctive scent comes from the wax it secretes to preen its feathers.
  69. prodigious
    • adj: abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
    • After overindulging in a prodigious meal, I really needed a nap.
  70. ossified
    • adj.turned to bone; hardened like bone; Inflexible:
    • "The ossified culture failed to adapt to new economic conditions and died out."
  71. panegyric
    • n.a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
    • A speech praising a new political theory is an example of a panegyric.
    • wrote a panegyric on the centennial of the Nobel laureate's birth
  72. peccadillo
    • n.a small sin or fault
    • When you break a minor rule, this is an example of a peccadillo.
  73. prolific
    • adj: producing large volumes or amounts; productive
    • The prolific chemical reaction produced a lot of carbon monoxide.
  74. putrefy
    • verb: to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor
    • adj form: putrid
    • Dead bodies quickly putrefy and so become a health hazard to the living.
  75. quaff
    • verb: to drink deeply
    • a man in a dinner suit quaffing champagne
  76. quiescence
    • noun: stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest
    • adj form: quiescent
    • South could draw several inferences from the opponents' quiescence.
  77. redoubtable
    • adj: awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
    • The revolt speedily collapsed before this redoubtable commander, and Alem and the other leaders surrendered.
  78. sanction
    • noun/verb: authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance; to give permission or authority
    • Imposition of sanctions against Iraq.
  79. satire
    • noun: a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
    • adj form: satirical
    • Its impossible to watch any kind of western satire with her.
  80. squalid
    • adj: sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
    • noun form: squalor
    • The urban poor often lived and worked in squalid and dangerous conditions.
  81. stoic
    • adj: indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
    • noun form: stoicism
    • That night it's obvious to Jake that Skeet, usually stoic, is deeply upset.
  82. supplant
    • verb: to take the place of; to supersede
    • Nintendo tried to supplant personal computers?
  83. torpid
    • adj: lethargic; sluggish; dormant 
    • noun form: torpor
    • They usually sit in little tents, and make holes in the ice from which they capture torpid fish.
  84. ubiquitous
    • adj: existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
    • Personal computers have become ubiquitous in rich countries.
  85. urbane
    • adj: sophisticated; refined; elegant
    • noun form: urbanity
    • He was a good insurance broker: urbane and vigorous, and he could sell.
  86. vilify
    • verb: to defame; to characterize harshly
    • People tend to vilify gambling as the root of all evil.
  87. viscous
    • adj: thick; sticky
    • noun form: viscosity
    • The resulting paste forms a wet, viscous brown dough.
  88. pedantic
    • adj.showing a narrow concern for rules or formal book learning; making an excessive display of one's own learning:
    • "We quickly tired of his pedantic conversation." (n: pedant, pedantry).
  89. perfidious
    • adj.deliberately treacherous; dishonest (n: perfidy)
    • A person who lies all the time is an example of someone who would be described as perfidious.
    • We were betrayed by a perfidious ally.
  90. petulant
    • adj.easily or frequently annoyed, especially over trivial matters; childishly irritable
    • An example of petulant is a toddler throwing a temper tantrum when they don't get their way.
    • Her tone was petulant and angry.